Explanations and Exercises are types of writing which show that you have understood what you have read in textbooks, and what your lecturers have told you. Although these kinds of assignments can be very technical and can require you to know a large amount about your discipline, they do not usually require you to give your own opinion, or write anything which is not accepted knowledge.

The Primary Purpose of these Genre Families is Demonstrating Knowledge and Understanding.

Listen to the discussion between a student (S) and a lecturer (L) and do the task.

Task 1: What do you mean by Demonstrating Knowledge and Understanding?




I hope you all will be fine. I'm very new with this site. But I found it quite helping. Thanks to the 'British Council Team' for such a wonderful work.


Hello everyone. nice to see you here. it is my first time here. i hope i can learn more from British Council. thx

Hello Sitha nice to see you. I would like to learn English,so we can make a good team chat with each other,and make our English better.I wait you my email address is ----------------

Beast reguard

Hi johntalaee and Sitha,

It's really great that you want to practice speaking English with each other, but I'm afraid that our House Rules prohibit the sharing of personal information such as email addresses or Skype IDs.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

hi everybody
when i was child i have started to learn English. i practice very much but my practice in writing was a little . and so ; i must improve my writing until continue my education in abroad. but my greatest wish is able to write as a professional writers.
i will be happy to guide me .

Hi everybody
I am a newcomer here and i have terrible problem in English , especially writing.When i watch movie or something, i can understand more or less. But when i try to write, almost nothing come up. At the writing time i always think about grammar and hesitate whether my spelling is correct or not, am i using the appropriate preposition or not, and so on. As English is not my native language, i am not comfortable with it. But i need to learn it, and i would like to ask help of "LearnEnglish" team and all of you ...
Thanks in advance..

hi every body i am newcomer and I have terrible problem in writing especially in spelling, although I have practiced hard but the out come is the same as it was in the past; any suggestion for solving this problem....

i don't understood the audio, the accent is different, i need to study more with this accent.

umm its really helpful for me , I work with American company so, I don't know exactly how to improve my speaking and how to develop it if you can advise me I really appreciate

Hello Saeed Mushabab Alqahtani,

I'm glad to hear you find the site useful!  This is a question which we are often asked and, in fact, I've just finished writing some advice in response to a similar question from another learner on another page, so I'll repeat to you what I said to them.

At the beginning let me say that it's hard to give specific advice without knowing how you speak at the moment.  However, there are some general suggestions that I can make which will help you to improve over time.  The most important thing you can do is to speak English as often as possible.  To do this a partner is very helpful, so think about the people you know and consider if any of them could be a practice partner for you.  It may be that you know someone else who is also learning English and who would like to practise with you, or perhaps you know some people who do not speak your language but do speak English.  However, if you do not have a practice partner it does not mean that you cannot practise because tt is possible to practise alone.  Just speaking English to yourself while you are at home, going about your normal daily activities, can help a great deal with your fluency and can help you to feel more confident, which will help you to cut down your hesitating.

You can also use the audio and video materials here on LearnEnglish to improve your fluency. After doing the exercises, try listening with the transcript (listening and reading). Then try saying the text yourself, and finally try saying it with (and at the same speed as) the recording. This will help you to develop speed in your speech, which is a key component of fluency.  You'll also pick up a lot of language as chunks - words which are often used together in set phrases - which you can use to communicate with less hesitation.

Remember, finally, that developing speaking is a process which takes time.  As with any incremental process, it can often be hard to see progress but it is important to keep going and not give up, even if you find it hard to see progress.

Good luck and best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team