Explanations and Exercises are types of writing which show that you have understood what you have read in textbooks, and what your lecturers have told you. Although these kinds of assignments can be very technical and can require you to know a large amount about your discipline, they do not usually require you to give your own opinion, or write anything which is not accepted knowledge.

The Primary Purpose of these Genre Families is Demonstrating Knowledge and Understanding.

Listen to the discussion between a student (S) and a lecturer (L) and do the task.

Task 1: What do you mean by Demonstrating Knowledge and Understanding?



thank for your good recommend. In face, it really a bit hard to find friend talking English daily. So speak to myself is better and permanence. Put daily topic and practice it. I should start practice from now on.

Hello, I know that this thing it has noting to do here, but I wanted some advice.
I found this website really good and it explains the things in a good and clear way.
I'm an IB student and I have to do my English make up test tomorrow. I have studied the whole summer but I still do silly mistakes and sometimes I got confused. The problem is that I can't correct my exercises alone. 
My question is how can I avoid silly mistakes in order to get a good mark? ( each mistakes is -2) 
Thank you 

Hi Sucy,
I'm afraid I don't know of any quick solution to help you avoid the kind of mistakes you're talking about, which are difficult for many people.
Have you tried making a list of the mistakes that you keep repeating? If you do that, you could study them and perhaps that would help. It's also important to read a lot so that you can see examples of vocabulary and grammar in context. And finally, of course, you must not just read but study the corrections and comments your teachers make on your writing.
I hope this helps you and that your test went well!
Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello I have a quick question about grammar. I want to know the difference between "5 Tips to Survive the Freshman Year" and "5 Tips to Surviving the Freshman Year".   So what's the difference between "to+Verb" and "Verb+ing" ?
Thank you!

"5 Tips to Survive the Freshman Year" is the correct form.
However you can find many examples of the "to -ing" construction in the BAWE corpus, for example "The key to achieving this is a well-managed crop rotation plan".  For other examples see https://ca.sketchengine.co.uk/bonito/run.cgi/sortx?q=aword%2C%5Bword+%3D...
I don't think it is the verb that determines which structure to use, but the words preceding it. For example it would be correct to say "The Key to Surviving the Freshman Year", and equally it would be correct to say "5 tips to to achieve a well-managed crop rotation".
There are no examples in the BAWE corpus for "tips to...", but there are some for "suggestions to..." - see https://ca.sketchengine.co.uk/bonito/run.cgi/viewattrsx?q=aword%2C%5Blem...

Hi! I am a newbie and wanted to ask that where can I find these:

  • Explaining how specific choices and combinations of form, layout and presentation create particular effects.
  • How to infer and deduce meanings, responding to writer's intentions. 
  • Analyzing and interpreting the messages being provided by writers and comment on them with bringing extensions to the basic claims in the text.

    Please help! 

    Much Appreciated.

Hi Hamza
Each genre family has a different purpose, and a different structure. In the section ‘Your writing task’ http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/writing-purpose/your-writing-task  there are notes and exercises to practise the structure of each of the 13 genre families. So, for example, in http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/writing-purpose/explanations-s... you can see the typical structure of an Explanation, and see some examples of Explanations. In http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/writing-purpose/explanations-s... you can work on the language of different stages of an Explanation.
If you are interested in writing argumentative essays, http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/writing-purpose/essays-structu... provides notes on their six typical organisational patterns. The exercises help you to learn about ways to organise ideas. In http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/writing-purpose/essays-structu... there are more exercises concerning the way arguments are developed.

i enjoy this lesson. But i feel that if audio script add with lesson, it would be more helpful for us.

Hello Ehsan,
The audio script is at the top of the page! Just click on 'transcript' and it will appear.
Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

I would like to take conversation with somebody. I`m history professor and I`m expert on education. Renato.