If you are studying in a British university you will be required to do a large amount of writing, whatever your subject. Some people distinguish between "essays" and "reports", and you may also know some other names for written assignments. However, sometimes the same name is used for very different types of assignment, and different names are used for very similar types of assignment.

Some of these assignments are more common in some disciplines than in others. For example, in business Case Studies are very common, in law Problem Questions are very common, while in history and philosophy Essays are very common.

Three thousand examples of proficient British university assignments from more than 30 disciplines, such as business, engineering, law, biology, sociology and history have been collected. These form the BAWE corpus. By analysing these assignments 13 basic Genre Families of student writing can be identified and each one has been given a specific name.

The 13 Genre Families are:

Here is some more information about the background to identifying these Genre Families.

Note that the names that have been given to these assignment families have very specific meanings on this site, but you will probably find that your lecturers and your fellow students use these names much more loosely – they may for example call most written assignments "essays", and they may use the terms "essay" and "report"  interchangeably.

Try this Task to check that you understand about the BAWE project.


Task 1

Choose the correct answers for these questions about the project.



Hello sir, i want to know which part is study first in" writing for purpose".& I also want to know, i can properly study both "writing & grammar" part together or not.

Hello everone i'm omer
how i can amprove my write

Hi omer,

To improve your writing, it's important to read and write as much as you can. If possible, you should get feedback from a teacher or knowledgable friend on your writing. Unfortunately, we don't have the resources to give users individualised feedback on their writing, but you can still use LearnEnglish to do some work on your own.

If you're interested in academic writing, this section - Writing for a Purpose - will be a great resource for you. Good writers learn from reading other writers' texts, so you could learn a lot about writing from reading the content on the site. The Magazine might be a good place to start if this interests you. You can also of course carry on written conversations here in the comments.

Whatever you do, try to spend at least 20 minutes a day (or at least several days per week) reading and/or writing. When you have doubts, ask a friend or teacher, and you're also welcome to ask us periodically here.

Best wishes,

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi Omer,
First, let's correct your two sentences.
Hello everyone, I'm Omer.
How can I improve my writing?
Second, If you want to be good at writing, keep on writing. OK?
Best wishes.

thsnks for all

I love to study English. It is a pleasure for me, but sometimes it seems very hard. Perfect Tenses are terrible !!! But I won't give up. It is a dream coming true.

Hi I am Sheeza, I am new on board and I would like to correct my grammar and speaking English and writing both. there anybody who can advice me what shall I do.


Yes, we are here to assist you. Let's start to correct your writing.
Hi,I am Sheeza. I am new on board and I would like to correct my grammar both speaking and writing English. Is there anybody who can advice me what I shall do.

Hi all