Rob and Stephen enjoy talking about grammar, so stop to watch them discuss verbs followed by gerunds, v-ing, and infinitives, to + verb, as well as chat about too and very.

Watch the video. Then go to Task and do the activities.


Language level

Intermediate: B1
Upper intermediate: B2


If you're in London, I recommend _____ a day at the British Museum. This sentence is talking about future, in that case shouldn't we use "to spend" instead of "spending"

Hello MohitB,

In standard British English, the -ing form is used after the verb 'recommend', not the infinitive. Our to + infinitive and -ing forms pages have lists of verbs that are used with those forms. You could also look at the example sentences in the dictionary.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Got it. Thanks for quick reply and useful links.

Is there a difference between 'I love to go to the cinema' and 'I love going to the cinema' ?
May be it's better to say 'I'd love to go to the cinema tonight' but is the first sentence has the same meaning as the second one ?

Hello Stephane,

Please note there are three different forms in your sentences:

  1. I love to go
  2. I love going
  3. I'd love to go

We can use both 1 and 2 to talk about repeated actions (e.g. 'I love to go (going) to the cinema'), but when we talk about a situation that began or existed in the past, 2 is the correct form (e.g. 'I loved going to school when I was young').

3 is used to talk about a specific opportunity in the present. For example, if your friend asked you 'Do you want to go to the cinema today?', to say yes, you could say 3. It is not to talk about going to the cinema in general, it is to talk about a chance to go in the present.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

So good explanations, now It's very clear.
For a situation in the past, is it right to say 'I loved having done this thing' as 'I loved doing this thing'.
'having done' is a little bit heavy for English spoken, isn't it ?

Hi Stephane,

That's right, it would not be correct to say 'having done' instead of 'doing' in this kind of sentence - 'doing' is the correct choice here.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello dear team,
The flowers need watering
The flowers need to be watered (to be +v3)
Why not?
The flowers need to be water by john (to infinitive)

Hello fahri,

That's simply not a correct form in standard English. I'd suggest thinking of the second sentence as a passive infinitive, since the idea of the passive voice is important to it. Also, remember that the passive voice is generally not used unless there is a specific reason to do so.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team