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Quantifiers

Level: beginner

We use quantifiers when we want to give someone information about the number of something: how much or how many.

Sometimes we use a quantifier in the place of a determiner:
 

Most children start school at the age of five.
We ate some bread and butter.
We saw lots of birds.

Quantifiers with count and uncount nouns

We can use these quantifiers with both count and uncount nouns:

all some more a lot of enough
no any most lots of less

We have lots of time.
Joe has lots of friends.
I can't go out. I've got no money.
There was a lot of food but no drinks.

Quantifiers with count and uncount nouns 1

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Level: intermediate

These more colloquial forms are also used with both count and uncount nouns:

plenty of heaps of  a load of  loads of  tons of

We have loads of time.
Joe has plenty of friends.
There was heaps of food.

Level: beginner

some and any

We do not normally use the quantifier some in negative and interrogative sentences. We normally use any:

Do you have any children?
Did you see any friends?
We don't have any children.
I didn't see any friends.
We saw some lions at the zoo, but we didn't see any tigers.

but we can use some for offers and requests:

Would you like some tea?
I want some apples, please.

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Quantifiers with count nouns

Some quantifiers can be used only with count nouns:

(not) many each either (a) few
several both neither fewer 

These more colloquial forms are used only with count nouns:

a couple of hundreds of thousands of

I’ll be back in a couple of minutes.
There were hundreds of people at the meeting.

Quantifiers with uncount nouns

Some quantifiers can be used only with uncount nouns:

(not) much a bit of a little

Would you like a little wine?
Could I have a bit of butter, please?

These quantifiers are used particularly with abstract nouns such as time, money and trouble:

a great deal of a good deal of

It will probably cost a great deal of money.
He spent a good deal of time watching television.

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Level: intermediate

Members of groups

We put a noun directly after a quantifier when we are talking about members of a group in general:

Few snakes are dangerous.
Most children like chocolate.
I never have enough money.

but if we are talking about members of a specific group, we use of the as well:

Few of the snakes in this zoo are dangerous.
Most of the boys at my school play football.
He’s spent all (of) the money that we gave him.
Both (of) the chairs in my office are broken.

Note: with all and both, we don’t need to use of. We can say all the … and both the … .

both, either and neither

If we are talking about two people or things, we use the quantifiers both, either and neither:

One supermarket Two supermarkets More than two supermarkets

The supermarket
was closed.

Both the supermarkets
were closed.

All the supermarkets
were closed.

The supermarket
wasn’t open.

Neither of the supermarkets
was open.

None of the supermarkets
were open.

I don’t think the supermarket
was open.

I don’t think either of the supermarkets
was open.

I don’t think any of the supermarkets
were open.

Note that nouns with both have a plural verb but nouns with either and neither have a singular verb.

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every and each

We use the quantifiers every and each with singular nouns to mean all:

There was a party in every street. (= There were parties in all the streets.)
Every shop was decorated with flowers. (= All the shops were decorated with flowers.)
Each child was given a prize. (= All the children were given a prize.)
There was a prize in each competition. (= There were prizes in all the competitions.)

We often use every to talk about times like days, weeks and years:

When we were children, we had holidays at our grandmother's every year.
When we stayed at my grandmother's house, we went to the beach every day.
We visit our daughter every Christmas.

We do not use a determiner with every and each:

Every shop was decorated with flowers. (NOT The every shop)
Each child was given a prize. (NOT The each child)

Comments

Hello nour3!
 
A lot of questions!

First off, we use both, either, and neither when we give options:
Both Mary and Anna like spicy food.
Neither Jack nor Mark like spicy food.
We use both of, either of, neither of when we use a plural noun or a pronoun:
Both of them like spicy food.
Neither of the boys like spicy food.
 
For each and every, their meanings are similar. However, 'every' is used when we are talking about all in a group; each when we want to highlight that each member of the group is different from the others:
You must answer every question.
Each question has only one correct answer. (= the answers for the questions are all different, but the questions only have one answer)
 
Hope that helps!
 
Jeremy Bee
The LearnEnglish Team

both and both of, most  and most of . it depends on quantity  is it more than 2 or not
 

am so happy with the exercises....

what's difference between no and none? how can we use?
thanks a lot

Hello Zahra,
I'm feeling lazy today, so I'm just going to link to a page on the BBC website which talks about this. I hope it's helpful.
Best wishes,
Adam
The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you for your help, it's very useful.

hi
what is the difference between a few and few 

hello,hamadbaghdadi!
following is my explanation
the"a few" means there are some  but not too much
the"few" means almost nothing just one or two for example
i think it can helps you

Can  someone help me in this sentence?, please.
1. Both  the supermarkets were closed.
2. Neither of the supermarkets was open. HERE SHOULD NOT BE OPENED AND NOT OPEN,as it was on the number 1 sentence.
Thanks marcia.

H i gutierrez
Neither of the supermarkets was open, is correct
as (open) is an adjective but, (opened) is the past form of the verb and is not an adjective
But in the first example you mentioned
closed is an adjective, I wish I helped

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