count nouns


Count nouns have two forms: singular and plural.

Singular count nouns refer to one person or thing:

a book; a teacher; a wish; an idea

Plural count nouns refer to more than one person or thing:

books; teachers; wishes; ideas

Singular count nouns

Singular count nouns cannot be used alone. They must have a determiner:

the book; that English teacher; a wish; my latest idea

Plural forms

We usually add –s to make a plural noun:

book > books; school > schools; friend > friends

We add -es to nouns ending in –ss; -ch; -s; -sh; -x

class > classes; watch > watches; gas > gases; wish > wishes; box > boxes

When a noun ends in a consonant and -y we make the plural in -ies...

lady > ladies; country > countries; party > parties

…but if a noun ends in a vowel and -y we simply add -s:

boy > boys; day > days; play > plays

Some common nouns have irregular plurals:

Man > men; woman > women; child > children; foot > feet;
person > people

Plural count nouns do not have a determiner when they refer to people or things as a group:

Computers are very expensive.
Do you sell old books?



Hello Sirs,

I have a doubt on this sentence - [This Nouns sections brings together information about] which i see on the page Nouns just before this page. My question is why do we use 3rd person present 'brings' instead of 'bring'? Just got confused. It would be so great if you help me out in this.

Kind Regards,

Hello Deepan,

There was a mistake in that sentence, which we've now fixed thanks to you. The sentence should have read, and now reads: 'This Nouns section brings together ...'.

Thanks for pointing this out to us!

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

hello sir, i have a doubt in question number 10.I can hear something in the roof. Have you got ________?mice or mouse.. i think mice and mouse two options are i correct?please clarify my doubt..

Hello naresh kalte,

If you look a little further down the list of comments then you'll see that this question has already been answered. It's always worth checking to see if your questions hasn't already been asked before posting it!

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

Hi BC Team,

Please explain the meaning of each of the following phrases:

1. The calculation of the stillbirth rate
2. Calculation of the stillbirth rate
3. The calculation of stillbirth rate
4. Calculation of stillbirth rate

Hello karthick.bk,

I'd suggest you read our definite article page to learn about 'the'. I'd also suggest you read our Help page, where you can find some guidelines on how to ask questions here on LearnEnglish (see the section under What are the comment sections for?).

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Kirk,

I didn't know the guidelines exist. Thanks for your direction. I'll go through the section, as suggested.

hello sir ,
i have confusion in question no 10 . that why we used "mice" instead of "mouse" ?

Hello Muhammad Hamid Khanzada,

This word has an irregular plural form: 'mice' rather than 'mouses'.

You can use our dictionary to check the form of individual items like this. Just type the word into the Cambridge Dictionaries Online window on the right and click 'Look it up!'

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team