count nouns


Count nouns have two forms: singular and plural.

Singular count nouns refer to one person or thing:

a book; a teacher; a wish; an idea

Plural count nouns refer to more than one person or thing:

books; teachers; wishes; ideas

Singular count nouns

Singular count nouns cannot be used alone. They must have a determiner:

the book; that English teacher; a wish; my latest idea

Plural forms

We usually add –s to make a plural noun:

book > books; school > schools; friend > friends

We add -es to nouns ending in –ss; -ch; -s; -sh; -x

class > classes; watch > watches; gas > gases; wish > wishes; box > boxes

When a noun ends in a consonant and -y we make the plural in -ies...

lady > ladies; country > countries; party > parties

…but if a noun ends in a vowel and -y we simply add -s:

boy > boys; day > days; play > plays

Some common nouns have irregular plurals:

Man > men; woman > women; child > children; foot > feet;
person > people

Plural count nouns do not have a determiner when they refer to people or things as a group:

Computers are very expensive.
Do you sell old books?



Dear sir,
i am confused with a sentence. the sentence is "I think her _____ watch far too much television." the correct answer is children. why it cannot be child as there is a possessive determiner in beginning HER.

i request u to please solve my problem..
Thanks alot

Hello Laraib Amin,

'child' is not possible here because the verb 'watch' would not work with 'child' as a subject – if 'child' were the subject, the verb would have to be 'watches'.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Rakeshcscl11026,

I'd suggest you read the advice on our Help page, which is about learning English in general and also gives suggestions on how to use LearnEnglish.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Sir,
A new mobile has been launched in the market.
Is it right?

Hello chandini,

Yes, that is a correct sentence.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hello sir,

Thank you very much for providing us an opportunity to learn English Language online.
Aziz Ahmed
Karachi, Pakistan

Hello sir,
I have a problem with singular and plural.
what would an advertise be like if it intends to say that now students do not have to go to senior teachers for every next level (secondary, higher secondary,etc) of school because advertisers provide tuitions from 1-12?
also would it be correct saying:"No need to change teacher /teachers every few years after Class/Classes 4 and/or 8 and/or 10"
we shall use and or or?

Hello Darshan Sheth,

It is hard to answer this without knowing the context. If you are talking about multiple teachers (each student has several) then I would say 'teachers'; if each student has one teacher (though many work in the school) then I would say 'teacher'.

With regard to 'and' vs 'or', again it depends. If the change happens (or could happen) several times then we would say 'classes 4, 8 and 10'. If the change happens once, but the time is not fixed, then we would say 'class 4, 8 or 10'.

Without knowing the context it is really isn't possible for me to say more.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hi Team,
I am trying to understand the use of noun: advice, and hence, digging to understand how to use advice in plural form. For example, can we simply write "The teacher gave us many advices" or multiple advise always comes with following phrase "pieces of advice" i.e. "The teacher gave us many pieces of advice". Whether, first one is also correct. Please throw some light on this.

Thanks in Advance.. !!