count nouns

 

Count nouns have two forms: singular and plural.

Singular count nouns refer to one person or thing:

a book; a teacher; a wish; an idea

Plural count nouns refer to more than one person or thing:

books; teachers; wishes; ideas

Singular count nouns

Singular count nouns cannot be used alone. They must have a determiner:

the book; that English teacher; a wish; my latest idea

Plural forms

We usually add –s to make a plural noun:

book > books; school > schools; friend > friends

We add -es to nouns ending in –ss; -ch; -s; -sh; -x

class > classes; watch > watches; gas > gases; wish > wishes; box > boxes

When a noun ends in a consonant and -y we make the plural in -ies...

lady > ladies; country > countries; party > parties

…but if a noun ends in a vowel and -y we simply add -s:

boy > boys; day > days; play > plays

Some common nouns have irregular plurals:

Man > men; woman > women; child > children; foot > feet;
person > people

Plural count nouns do not have a determiner when they refer to people or things as a group:

Computers are very expensive.
Do you sell old books?

Exercise

Comments

Hello,

Kindly attend to the following; endorse individually, the ones that are correct and correct any that might be wrong.

QUESTIONS
Q1. Two nouns make up a compound noun and the compound is to be pluralized.
(a) If it is 'woman + x', pluralize both words.
Examples:
(i) women occupants
(ii) women lawyers

(b) If it is 'child + x', pluralize only x.
Example:
INCORRECT: chikdren soldiers.
CORRECT: child soldiers

Q2. If the name of a club exists as the subject to a finite verb, use/pick a plural and not a singular verb.
Example sentences:
(i) Manchester United are a great team.
(ii) FC Barcelona have improved tremendously.
(iii) Arsenal play entertaining football.

Q3. Connected to 'Q2' above, if the name of a country functions as the subject to a finite verb on the basis of participating in a sporting event, use/pick a plural verb, not a singular verb.
Example sentence: Spain need to change from tiki taka to a more direct approach.

Thanks a lot.

Hello value,

I'm afraid there is no one pattern for making compound nouns plural. You can see an explanation of these patterns in the wikipedia. I'd say that your two rules (a and b) are correct, at least in the examples you give, though when I checked the wikipedia corpus to see how the two examples you ask about were used, I found all four patterns.

As for your other two questions, in British English, when a singular noun refers to a group of people (and thus is plural in some sense), a plural verb is used. In American English, they use a singular verb in such instances.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Sirs,

I have a doubt on this sentence - [This Nouns sections brings together information about] which i see on the page Nouns just before this page. My question is why do we use 3rd person present 'brings' instead of 'bring'? Just got confused. It would be so great if you help me out in this.

Kind Regards,
Deepan.

Hello Deepan,

There was a mistake in that sentence, which we've now fixed thanks to you. The sentence should have read, and now reads: 'This Nouns section brings together ...'.

Thanks for pointing this out to us!

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

hello sir, i have a doubt in question number 10.I can hear something in the roof. Have you got ________?mice or mouse.. i think mice and mouse two options are possible..am i correct?please clarify my doubt..

Hello naresh kalte,

If you look a little further down the list of comments then you'll see that this question has already been answered. It's always worth checking to see if your questions hasn't already been asked before posting it!

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi BC Team,

Please explain the meaning of each of the following phrases:

1. The calculation of the stillbirth rate
2. Calculation of the stillbirth rate
3. The calculation of stillbirth rate
4. Calculation of stillbirth rate

Hello karthick.bk,

I'd suggest you read our definite article page to learn about 'the'. I'd also suggest you read our Help page, where you can find some guidelines on how to ask questions here on LearnEnglish (see the section under What are the comment sections for?).

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team
 

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