count nouns


Count nouns have two forms: singular and plural.

Singular count nouns refer to one person or thing:

a book; a teacher; a wish; an idea

Plural count nouns refer to more than one person or thing:

books; teachers; wishes; ideas

Singular count nouns

Singular count nouns cannot be used alone. They must have a determiner:

the book; that English teacher; a wish; my latest idea

Plural forms

We usually add –s to make a plural noun:

book > books; school > schools; friend > friends

We add -es to nouns ending in –ss; -ch; -s; -sh; -x

class > classes; watch > watches; gas > gases; wish > wishes; box > boxes

When a noun ends in a consonant and -y we make the plural in -ies...

lady > ladies; country > countries; party > parties

…but if a noun ends in a vowel and -y we simply add -s:

boy > boys; day > days; play > plays

Some common nouns have irregular plurals:

Man > men; woman > women; child > children; foot > feet;
person > people

Plural count nouns do not have a determiner when they refer to people or things as a group:

Computers are very expensive.
Do you sell old books?



HI, Could you please explain the following nouns. I am very confused to get detials.
1) Proper Noun is Person/Place/Things, is animal & birds under proper noun?
2) Common noun is also person/Place/things/ How abut animal & birds
3) Count & non count noun is it under common noun?
4) Colective noun. please explain
5) Abstract Noun. Please explain
6) COncrete noun. Please explain
7) Compound noun. Please explain. Kinldy please help me to get clear above the doubts

Hi everyone:D I am just registered and I found here is an excellent platform for me to improve my english:)
By the way, I am not quite understand in question 10 why the correct answer is mice. If anyone can explain to me that would be much appreciated.

Hi ken414,

Welcome to LearnEnglish!

The answer is 'mice' because a plural noun is needed; if we asked about a single mouse then we would need to add an indefinite article ('a').

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team


You said when noun ending with X we shell add to "es". BUt when the OX become plural its change to Oxen. Could you please explain

Hi keyansugan81,

'Oxen' is an irregular plural form.  English does not have many but there are some, such as 'children', 'sheep', 'people' and 'oxen'.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team


Here you mentioned here singular noun for things & Person. How about other Animal, Birds,Place is it include in the count noun or not. Please describe some details explain

Hi keyansugan81,

Yes, all of those things are included in the category 'things'.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team