count nouns


Count nouns have two forms: singular and plural.

Singular count nouns refer to one person or thing:

a book; a teacher; a wish; an idea

Plural count nouns refer to more than one person or thing:

books; teachers; wishes; ideas

Singular count nouns

Singular count nouns cannot be used alone. They must have a determiner:

the book; that English teacher; a wish; my latest idea

Plural forms

We usually add –s to make a plural noun:

book > books; school > schools; friend > friends

We add -es to nouns ending in –ss; -ch; -s; -sh; -x

class > classes; watch > watches; gas > gases; wish > wishes; box > boxes

When a noun ends in a consonant and -y we make the plural in -ies...

lady > ladies; country > countries; party > parties

…but if a noun ends in a vowel and -y we simply add -s:

boy > boys; day > days; play > plays

Some common nouns have irregular plurals:

Man > men; woman > women; child > children; foot > feet;
person > people

Plural count nouns do not have a determiner when they refer to people or things as a group:

Computers are very expensive.
Do you sell old books?



sir,i want to learn the uses of gerund in English.
please help me for this.

Hello asadulhaq,

The gerund is a noun formed from a verb using -ing. It can perform the same roles as any other noun - subject, object etc. You can find more information and examples, plus an exercise, on our page on -ing forms.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Sir
I have not understood noun that ends in a consonent or a noun that ends in a vowel can u explain a bit more

Hello jalaj,

Vowels and consonants are types of letter in a language's alphabet. The vowels are a, e, i, o and u. Sometimes y can be a vowel, depending on how it is used. The consonants are all the other letters.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

Okay I am assuming that if words before -y is a vowel then Plural is ies where as if a consonent is before -y then the plural form is -s

Hello jalaj,

I think you've got the rule the wrong way round: if the letter before a final 'y' is a vowel then 's' is the likely plural, whereas if the letter is a consonant then 'ies' is more likely. For example, the plurals of 'donkey' and 'monkey' are 'donkeys' and 'monkeys', and the plural of 'play' is 'plays'; the plurals of 'lady' and 'diary' are 'ladies' and 'diaries'.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Naina Ali,

What would you like help with in particular? There are many resources here on LearnEnglish available to you so if you can be more specific and tell us what you find difficult or what you would like to practise then we'll be happy to point you in the right direction.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

HI, Could you please explain the following nouns. I am very confused to get detials.
1) Proper Noun is Person/Place/Things, is animal & birds under proper noun?
2) Common noun is also person/Place/things/ How abut animal & birds
3) Count & non count noun is it under common noun?
4) Colective noun. please explain
5) Abstract Noun. Please explain
6) COncrete noun. Please explain
7) Compound noun. Please explain. Kinldy please help me to get clear above the doubts

Hi everyone:D I am just registered and I found here is an excellent platform for me to improve my english:)
By the way, I am not quite understand in question 10 why the correct answer is mice. If anyone can explain to me that would be much appreciated.