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Adjectives ending in '-ed' and '-ing'

Do you know the difference between bored and boring?

Look at these examples to see how adjectives ending in -ed and -ing are used.

I was really bored in that presentation.
That was a really boring presentation.

Try this exercise to test your grammar.

Grammar test 1

Grammar test 1: Adjectives ending in '-ed' and '-ing'

Read the explanation to learn more.

Grammar explanation

Adjectives that end in -ed (e.g. bored, interested) and adjectives that end in -ing (e.g. boring, interesting) are often confused.

-ed adjectives

Adjectives that end in -ed generally describe emotions – they tell us how people feel.

I was so bored in that lesson, I almost fell asleep.
He was surprised to see Helen after all those years.
She was really tired and went to bed early.

-ing adjectives

Adjectives that end in -ing generally describe the thing that causes the emotion – a boring lesson makes you feel bored.

Have you seen that film? It's really frightening.
I could listen to her for hours. She's so interesting.
I can't sleep! That noise is really annoying!

Here are some adjectives that can have both an -ed and an -ing form.

annoyed annoying
bored boring
confused confusing
disappointed disappointing
excited exciting
frightened frightening
interested interesting
surprised surprising
tired tiring
worried worrying

Do this exercise to test your grammar again.

Grammar test 2

Grammar test 2: Adjectives ending in '-ed' and '-ing'

Language level

Beginner: A1
Pre-intermediate: A2


I'm really excited to this lesson

Thank you very much good grammar lessons.


This is the best website which I have ever visit in my whole life. Really I appreciate you're doing very well. I love the way you're representing complicated and complex topics in a quite easy form.

Hello Ghulam Ali Shah

We're so glad that you find our work useful! Thanks very much for letting us know.

All the best


The LearnEnglish Team

Ok boomer

Is this page only teach to someone with feelings?, sorry for the stupid question but Im a mexican trying to learn some english in his spare time. I dont know even whether this is universal or no

Hello Axggdamer

There are many adjectives that don't end in '-ed' or '-ing'. You can make an adjective from the present participle ('-ing') or past participle ('-ed') of many verbs, but not all.

Most of the adjectives that end in '-ed' and '-ing' do refer to feelings or reactions, but there are some (e.g. 'boiling' and 'boiled') that do not.

Hope this helps!

All the best


The LearnEnglish Team

These exercises were interesting and exciting! I was not bored! :)

This is an interesting exercise. I feel excited to go through all the grammar exercises given.