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Adverbials of manner

Level: beginner

Adverbs of manner are usually formed from adjectives by adding –ly:

badbadly quietquietly sudden > suddenly

but sometimes there are changes in spelling:

easy > easily gentle > gently careful > carefully

The adverb formed from good is well:

You speak English very well.

Adverbs of manner normally come after the verb:

He spoke angrily.

or after the object:

He opened the door quietly.

Adverbials of manner 1

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Adverbials of manner 2

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Level: intermediate

If an adjective already ends in -ly, we use the phrase in a …. way to express manner:

silly: He behaved in a silly way.
friendly: She spoke in a friendly way.

A few adverbs of manner have the same form as the adjective:

They all worked hard.
She usually arrives late/early
.
I hate driving fast.

 

Be careful!

hardly and lately have different meanings from hard and late:


 He could hardly walk. = It was difficult for him to walk.
 I haven't seen John lately. = I haven't seen John recently.

We often use phrases with like as adverbials of manner:

She slept like a baby.
He ran like a rabbit.

Adverbials of manner and link verbs

We very often use adverbials with like after link verbs:

Her hands felt like ice.
It smells like fresh bread.

Be careful!

We do not use adverbs of manner after link verbs. We use adjectives instead:

They looked happy. (NOT happily)
That bread smells delicious. (NOT deliciously)

Adverbials of manner 3

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Adverbials of manner 4

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Comments

Hello,
What's the difference between 'too' and 'as well' when placed at the end of a sentence ? Is there a situation where one is preferable to the other ?

Regards
Petals

Hello Petals,

They mean the same thing, but are used a bit differently. 'as well' is more common in speaking than writing, and almost always comes at the end of a sentence. 'too' can be used in other positions and is common in both formal and informal situations. The Cambridge Dictionary has a page that you might find useful.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,

If "a relative adverb" introduces a group of words, or a clause, that tells more about a "noun", then WHY should we call it ADVERB.

On the other hand, an adverb tells us more about a VERB.

Hello amol,

There is no reference to this on this page, so you are asking us to comment on a grammar rule you have found elsewhere, which is not our role here.

You need to be careful of reducing the complexity of language to overly simply and inflexible rules. Adverbials have many roles and are not limited to modifying verbs. They are some of the most flexible words and phrases in English in terms of the roles they can have in the sentence. For a list of functions which adverbials can have see this page.

Reflexive adverbs can introduce clauses which have adverbial functions, which is what you are describing here.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,

What are the use/s of relative adverb?

"He talks much slowly" OR "He talks very slowly"

Which one is more correct?

or both are correct?

Hello amol,

The correct word here is 'very'; 'much' is not correct.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Dear Sir,

Thanks for the reply.

Could you please explain me the reason for the same?

Hello amol,

'very' is an adverb of degree, and as such can modify suitable adjectives or adverbs. 'slowly' is one such suitable adverb, and so 'very slowly' is a correct expression.

'much' is quite a versatile word. It can be a quantifier and also an adverb. But as an adverb of degree, it is not used to modify another adverb (as is the case here). Be sure to follow the links I have provided, where you'll find lots of examples.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi there

bottle of pills/ coat pocket,,,, I don't think so..... it should read " In my coat pocket you'll find a bottle of pills" unless your name's Harold Pinter or Samuel Beckett or maybe Joe Orton, cheers billk20

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