There are about 6,500 languages in the world, but did you know that a language disappears and dies every two weeks? International Mother Language Day, on 21 February, is a day to celebrate and protect all the languages of the world.

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A language is much more than just a way of communicating. Language, and particularly our mother tongue, is an important part of our culture. Some people even think that our language can change how we see the world.

A special day

In 1999, a special day to promote mother languages was created: International Mother Language Day. The day was also intended to raise awareness of just how many languages we have on this planet (around 6,500) and to protect them. The idea for this special day came from the country of Bangladesh, and 21 February is also the day when Bangladeshis mark the day that the Bangla language was officially accepted. Bangladeshis celebrate both days by holding literary competitions and singing songs.

Different themes each year

Every year, UNESCO chooses a different theme and holds different events at its headquarters in Paris, France. For example, in 2005, there was a focus on Braille and sign languages, and in 2017, a focus on how multilingual education could help the world to have a better future.

Other countries have also set up special projects to mark this day. For example, in 2014, the Indian government released digital learning materials for schools and colleges in the 22 most widely spoken Indian languages. It is estimated that there are around 750 languages or dialects in India, and, sadly, that around 250 more languages have been lost in the last 50 years.

The importance of the mother tongue in education

The Director General of UNESCO, Audrey Azouley, pointed out in a recent speech on International Mother Language Day that mother languages 'shape millions of developing young minds'. She believes that children learn best in their mother tongue, and that it is important that children should have this opportunity. Around the world, 40 per cent of the population does not have access to education in a language they can understand or speak. Using certain languages can make it easier, or much harder, to do well in life.

Language goes to the heart

Nelson Mandela once said, 'If you talk to a man in a language he understands, that goes to his head. If you talk to him in his language, that goes to his heart.' At least 43 per cent of all languages are endangered, and fewer than 100 of the world's languages are used in the digital world. Most internet communication is in one of the following languages: English, Chinese Mandarin, Spanish, Arabic, Portuguese, Indonesian, Malayan, Japanese, Russian and German. But everyone has the right to use their own mother language, and to keep the memories, traditions and ways of thinking that their language represents. And this is what International Mother Language Day is all about.



Language level

Upper intermediate: B2


My mother language is Mandarin,Chinese. As I know, currently about twenty percent of the world's population, or over one billion people speak Chinese. However, there are over 200 dialects are speaking in China mainland. I’m good in Mandarin and my mother dialect SiChuan dialect. my English is intermediate level, and my Greek is elementary level.

128 million people mother tongue in my country .Japan I am from is spoken Japanese.It is originally china over 1500 year ago. We use three type of letter kanji ,hiragana,katakana.It makes difficult learning Japanese.Kanji from china long time ago and then I formed original Japanese style.more over pronunciation is different from china.that why Japanese people don't speak Chinese.Regret things of mother language is writing skill. young people don't write on a paper.It cause poor writing skill. Government considered student don't write kanji while they learn in school.some teacher intense writing skill is important for social skill.

How many people speak your mother tongue?

I can't give the percentage of people who speaks it. Because in Cameroon where i am from we have at least over 220 languages.
I'm speaking : my mother language well, French very well because it's my first language and English level upper intermediate
my mother language makes me feel proud.
My regret is lack of writing, but i easily express myself through my mother language

Sadly, I belong to the part of the world that can’t read and write in my mother tongue!