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The Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal (pronounced /ˌtɑːdʒ mə'hɑːl/) is a famous mausoleum next to the river Yamuna in the Indian city of Agra. A mausoleum is a building where people bury the dead. The name Taj Mahal means 'the crown of palaces'.


The most famous part of the Taj Mahal is the large white dome in the centre. It is 35 metres high and is surrounded by four smaller domes. The rooms inside the building are decorated with beautiful archways and precious stones in the walls. The buildings are surrounded by gardens with pathways, pools, fountains and green gardens.


The construction of the Taj Mahal began in 1632 and finished in 1653. It was built with materials from all over India and Asia, but the main material is white marble. Historians believe that the materials were transported by over 1,000 elephants for the construction.


The emperor Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal as a burial place for his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. According to legend, he wanted to build another Taj Mahal in black on the other side of the river, but this never happened. During the Indian Rebellion of 1857, many parts of the Taj Mahal were damaged by British soldiers, who took some of the precious stones from its walls. Over the years, the Taj Mahal has suffered from environmental damage, and there have been many government attempts to conserve its beauty.


The Taj Mahal is one of India's most famous landmarks. There are millions of visitors to the mausoleum every year. The Taj Mahal is almost always included in lists of famous buildings to visit and is considered one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. It is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.




Language level

Intermediate: B1


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The Mosque contains 17 doors and decorated with small pieces of mosaic and a great chandelier, and they wrote verses of Quran in the walls, the Mosque also contains a library.
In the golden age of the Islamic world, Al-'Quarawiyyin Mosque' became an university, it was the first one in the world, the students came from around the world seeking for knowledge. And it was the first university that gave a licence medical in the world. So if you come to Morocco don't forget to visit it...

I have seen the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France, the Giralda in Seville, Spain, the Hassan ll Mosque in Casablanca, Morocco and the Mosque–Cathedral of Cordoba, Spain. They are all fascinating places, each has its own and particular features and beauty. I'm not really keen on history but I really appreciate art and I value the effort a community makes to conserve their heritage sites and historical landmarks.

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I have seen little famous places.These are the scenes of Bagan,the greatest pyramids in Egyptand the view of Sentosa from Sagapore.

I've seen some really awesome places. Some of these are the mausoleum of Imam Reza, Babak castle, Falakolaflak castle, and others.

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Dear LearnEnglish Team.
I think in the task 2, the response of the first item should be False instead of The text doesn´t say. In the text they are saying that they were about to build a black mausoleum, which means that no-white mausoleums construction is allowed.
Thanks for your work!

Hello javi,

I think you have a good point. I'll make a note for us to make the question more clear.

Thanks for taking the time to point this out to us!

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team