A world like no other – perhaps this is the best way to describe the world of the rainforest. No rainforest is exactly the same, but they all have a role to play in maintaining the world as we know it.

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A world like no other – perhaps this is the best way to describe the world of the rainforest. No rainforest is exactly the same, yet most rainforests are now distributed in the small land area 22.5 degrees north and 22.5 degrees south of the equator, between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Tropic of Cancer. You can find tropical rainforests in South America and Indonesia. Other rainforests flourish further from the equator, in Thailand and Sri Lanka.

Despite occupying a relatively small area, rainforests have a colossal role to play in maintaining the world as we know it. Tropical rainforests are home to a rich, colourful variety of medicinal plants, food, birds and animals. Can you believe that a single bush in the Amazon may have more species of ants than the whole of Britain? Four hundred and eighty varieties of trees may be found in just one hectare of rainforest. These forests sustain around 50 per cent of all the species on earth and offer a way of life to many people living in and around the forest.

Rainforests are the lungs of the planet, storing vast quantities of carbon dioxide and producing a significant amount of the world’s oxygen. Rainforests have their own perfect system for ensuring their own survival: the tall trees make a canopy of branches and leaves which protect themselves, smaller plants and the forest animals from heavy rain, intense dry heat from the sun and strong winds.

Amazingly, the trees grow in such a way that their leaves and branches, although close together, never actually touch those of another tree. Scientists think this is a deliberate tactic to prevent the spread of any tree diseases and make life more difficult for leaf-eating insects like caterpillars. To survive in the forest, animals must climb, jump, fly or glide across the gaps. The ground floor of the forest is not all tangled leaves and bushes, like in films, but is actually fairly clear. It is where leaves decompose into food for the trees and other forest life.

They are not called rainforests for nothing! Rainforests can generate 75 per cent of their own rain. At least 80 inches of rain a year is normal and in some areas there may be as much as 430 inches of rain annually. This is real rain – your umbrella may protect you in a shower, but it won’t keep you dry if there is a full rainstorm. In just two hours, streams can rise ten to twenty feet. The humidity of large rainforests contributes to the formation of rainclouds that may travel to other countries in need of rain.

Worryingly, rainforests around the world are disappearing at an alarming rate, thanks to deforestation, river pollution and soil erosion as land is being claimed for agriculture and trees are felled for wood. A few thousand years ago, tropical rainforests covered as much as 12 per cent of the land surface on earth, but today this has fallen to less than 5.3 per cent.

We can only hope that the world governments work together with environmentalists and businesses to use their environmental knowledge and power to preserve the rainforests – awe-inspiring, beautiful and vital for our existence.




Language level

Advanced: C1


Deforestation is a global issue.We must back up world organitations fighting against the distruction of the wild.

In my opinion, this article points out the problem and the true about rainforests. Deforestations and erosions are destroying it now. I hope government will sustain rainforests and many species there.

Huma beings are animals. We don't differ far from wolves, lions or other predators. We will kill as much prey as we can. We will cut as many forests as we can. These are our instincts... We don't see connection between Earth's climat and our consuption. Suggest your friend to refuse of some part of their food, their car and their comfortable houses for reducing environmental damage. They will say NO. In my opinion we will destroy our nature. Lots of species will die. The majority of people disappier.

I could say that we are becoming more and more selfish in terms of consider only our own safety, convenience, and efficiency. Because of this, we want to use disposable products such as paper cups, plastic bottles, and papers without knowing where they are coming from. The only thing we should do to protect our environment is less using disposable products and recycle as much as we can.

Have a naice day anyone! I suggest everubody who like raiding by bicycle in their own countrys to make a bike ride dedicated of the rain forests day in the world. And broadcasting on television. Thank you.

Hello everubody! This article very interestin for me. I read about this forests on several saites to. I have knoun the rain forests as called because of havy rainfall which are in this places and it has the for layers: anargent, canopy, understory and the floor of forest. It is a long time to talk about it. I was facinated it ecosystem that I thought: why doesn't it suggest making the Day of the rainforests?

Hello Dklin,

Rainforests are indeed fascinating environments. It looks as if other people have had the same idea as you: the next World Rainforest Day will be in June 2019.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi author. I've already done this article and task 1.I can tell u it's so difficult to access this article's contained plenty of facts.Mightbe I never found truly reading of article ,yet.At the moment I practice to write some comment like this one for my English testing in July 9st.Perfectly,I can't array completly sentence in one time of writing,but next's still not better.Other problem's that I feel doubting in the first question of Task 1.That question shows " a small strip of land, mostly equatorial. "(Third choice) is true choice ,but I find something opposite at paragraph 1.it say that "yet most rainforests are now distributed in the small land...", so that meaning is there're the other rainforests in somewhere else in parts of the world not only in a small strip of land, mostly equatorial.Right? Is the correct answer that should be chosen is Second choice("in many countries all over the world.").This comment is only my own self thinking.There're so many mistake in it.Thank for reading.

Hello HVK964852,

The problem with the third option is that it says 'many countries' (which is questionable - rain forests are in some countries but it is a limited number) and also 'all over the world', which is clearly inaccurate. Some rainforests are found further from the equator, but this is not 'all over the world'.

The best answer is the second. Note that 'can be found' does not mean 'can only be found'.



The LearnEnglish Team