Writing a good CV

Writing a good CV

When you're applying for a job, a great CV is essential. Find out what to include and what to avoid for the best chance of getting an interview.

Do the preparation task first. Then read the article and do the exercises.


When you're looking for work, you need an attractive, clear and memorable CV (curriculum vitae) that shows your potential employer all the skills and experience you have for the job.

What should you include in a CV?

This article mainly focuses on writing a UK-style CV. If you're applying for a job internationally, be aware that the standard length, format and tone can vary from country to country. It's a good idea to check the expected format in the country or company you're applying to. 

Contact details 

Make sure the potential employer has a way of contacting you. Include your full name, telephone number and email address. 


In many countries, employers expect to see a professional-looking photo on a CV. In others, like the UK, Canada and the USA, the law prohibits employers from asking for a photo, and it is better not to include one. Try to find out if it is usual to include a photo in the working environment you're applying to.


List and date the most important qualifications you have obtained, starting with the most recent. You can also include any professional qualifications you have.

Work experience

List and date the jobs you've had and the companies you've worked for, starting with the most recent. It's usually enough to cover the last ten years of your work history. Include your job title, responsibilities and achievements in the job. 

If you have a lot of work experience, give the job titles but be selective about which responsibilities and achievements you highlight. Reduce the detail about jobs that are less relevant to the role you're applying for and draw attention to the most important experience you bring.


These could include the languages you speak, the computer programs you can use well, the class type of your driving licence and any other professional skills you might have that are relevant to the job you're applying for.

Eight useful tips

Before you start getting ready to list your qualifications and work experience, here are eight useful tips to think about.

1. Keep it short … but not too short!

Your CV should be one to two sides of A4 paper. If you find you've got too much information, summarise and select the most relevant points. If it's shorter than a page, consider including more information about your skills and the responsibilities you had in your previous roles.

2. Use active verbs.

When you describe what you have achieved in previous jobs, use active verbs for a strong positive effect on the reader. For example, to make a change from was responsible for, use verbs like led or managed (a team / a project)created or developed (a product / a positive atmosphere)delivered (results/training); and provided (support/training)

3. Fill in the gaps.

Avoid leaving gaps in your employment history. If you were travelling the world, on maternity leave or looking after small children, include that in your CV.

4. Make sure it's up to date.

Always ensure your CV is up to date. Include your most recent experience at the top of each section.

5. Don't exaggerate or lie.

Your potential employer can easily check information about where you have studied and worked. Don't be tempted to lie or exaggerate about your expertise, because sooner or later this will be discovered and may result in you losing the job. 

6. Spend time on the layout.

Make sure your CV is clear and easy to read. Use bullet points and appropriate spacing, keep your sentences short, line up your lists neatly and use a professional-looking font (e.g. Arial font size 12). 

7. Check for mistakes.

Mistakes on a CV create a bad impression. Use spell check, reread your CV and ask someone else to check it for you too before you send it.

8. Include a cover letter.

When you send your CV to apply for a job, you should send it with a cover letter or email to introduce your application. The cover letter should show your personal interest in the role, highlight the skills and experience you bring and encourage the employer to read the attached CV. 

Writing a good CV takes time and is hard work, but these tips and your effort will help you get the best possible start in your job search. Good luck! 

Task 1

Task 2


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Hello Jamil Harumi,

That really depends on the employer and the position you're applying for. More often than not, for example, I've had to submit a cover letter with my C.V. But I'm sure it's different in different countries and industries.

All the best,


The LearnEnglish Team

Submitted by Shahrood on Fri, 19/02/2021 - 15:59

Fill in the gaps was new for me. I think the most important item is the layout, which firstly, shows employee's personality , secondly employer doesn't have enough time to spend on each C.V. so good layout will be read fully.

Submitted by aminka omarova on Mon, 26/10/2020 - 08:10

Hello. The most useful tips for myself, I found advice number 2 and 6, as well as the procedure for filling out information about education and previous jobs.
Profile picture for user Md Furkan Uddin

Submitted by Md Furkan Uddin on Mon, 14/09/2020 - 04:10

How can I write a good cover letter for university application?

Hi Md Furkan Uddin,

Are you applying for university soon?

We don't have advice for this on the website, but we do have some tips for writing a job application cover letter. Some of the tips are also relevant to your situation. For example, in your letter you should introduce:

  • yourself
  • your achievements and skills
  • your motivation for applying
  • your goals in your studies (and maybe work and life too). 

It's a bit difficult to give more specific advice than that, because different universities and programmes may prioritise or value different things in a cover letter. For example, some may want to know more about you as a fully rounded person, including things you do in your free time, but for other universities/programmes, this may be irrelevant.

I recommend spending time searching online or asking your friends and family to find out if anyone has experience of applying to the specific universities or programmes that you are aiming for. 

Good luck with your application :)


The LearnEnglish Team

Submitted by senes19 on Mon, 13/07/2020 - 17:20

I think the best thing for the cv is to have a relevant profile. I mean, if you apply for a computer science jobs, you must have a experience about computers. And also, you should add the explanation of your previous boss or chef. This is among most important points. Furthermore, when you get a any certificate about your application, you will be one step ahead of others. I believe that remarkable cv depends on your talents.

Submitted by Ajat on Thu, 23/04/2020 - 11:51

I found tips number 2, 3 and 8 very useful. I'll make sure to not forget to use active verbs, to mention periods of time when i was not in paid for traveling or maternity and lastly to always send my CV with a cover letter.

Submitted by SOS23 on Mon, 09/03/2020 - 12:09

In tips 5 and 8 the word "employee" should read "employer". Otherwise a good article and useful for teaching.