Unit 8: Proofreading

Spelling errors make a poor impression! Learn about some common mistakes to avoid.

Proofreading

When you write quickly, it is easy to make mistakes. Always check your email carefully before you send it. It is a good idea to keep a list of words you have spelled wrongly in the past. Use this list to check that you have spelled them correctly. Also, use your computer's spell checker if you can. This will automatically correct spellings for you. Finally, here are a few other things to check for.

Words with similar sounds

Some words sound the same in English but have different spelling:

*Their not *hear yet. > They're not here yet.
*Wear do you want to *meat? > Where do you want to meet?

Short words

These are easy to spell, but they are also easy to spell incorrectly. Short words are the ones we type most quickly. It's easy to type some of the letters in the wrong order.

a lot *fo mistakes > of
Thank you *fro your letter > for
at *hte meeting > the

Silent letters

Many words that are common in emails have silent letters. Here are some examples (the silent letters are underlined):

know    write    wrong    forward    thought    right    interesting    Wednesday    Bye

Grammar: subject/verb agreement

You should always check that you have used the right verb in the right form. A common mistake is to forget the -s in the 3rd person singular (he/she/it).

The training *start at 9 a.m. > starts
My plane *leave at 4.35. > leaves
How long *do it take? > does
How many times *have he been here? > has

Punctuation

Remember to start every sentence with a capital letter, and to use a capital letter for place names, days, months, names, etc.

We will be in Newcastle with Mrs Hamilton on March the 4th, in Manchester with Dr Kassu on Tuesday the 5th, and Birmingham with Andrea Este on the Thursday.

We usually use commas when opening and closing emails, use a full stop at the end of a sentence and a capital letter at the start of a sentence. An exclamation mark (!) is OK in a friendly email, but it's better not to use them in formal emails.

Hi Mark,
Thank you very much for all your help this week. You must be glad it's the weekend!
With best regards,
Pattie

Task 1

Exercise

 

 

Here are the correctly spelt words: Hello, I look forward to, at the meeting, English lesson, let me know, next week, Dear John, With best regards, in the morning

Task 2

Task 3

Task 4

Download

Language level

Intermediate: B1

Submitted by IlyaK on Tue, 16/03/2021 - 20:38

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It is productive not to step on other people's rakes

Submitted by Ruffle on Fri, 11/12/2020 - 16:24

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I think moderators should not delete comments with progress marks, because the site does not have functionality to confirm the completion of the course. A screenshot of the completion of each of the tasks of which about 25 in the course is not considered. As a result, students may not receive credit. Please, if it's not difficult for you, add progress marks. Thank you!

Hello Ruffle,

Thanks for your suggestion. Just so you know, while our free pages do not have progress marks, the courses available to our subscribers do track users' progress and marks. I understand that not everyone can become a subscriber, but wanted to mention it just in case.

I'm afraid we most likely won't publish comments in which users report they have completed a page, especially if there are many who do this. This is not what the comments section is for and makes it difficult for us moderators and other users to use the comments effectively for questions and answers.

Best regards,

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Kirk, Thank you for telling me. Until this moment, I had no idea about the availability of progress tracking functionality. Perhaps, then, to encourage people to subscribe, it would be great to add such functionality to other courses, but only for subscribers. Yours faithfully, Ruffle

Submitted by kreker on Fri, 11/12/2020 - 15:08

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slightly more difficult than the previous ones

Submitted by _Sergey222 on Thu, 10/12/2020 - 14:37

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For me, this unit was not very difficult.

Submitted by Julia.a on Wed, 09/12/2020 - 00:28

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Cool test, now I can find errors in other people's tests

Submitted by anna999 on Tue, 08/12/2020 - 23:56

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I do not like to look for other people's mistakes!)

Submitted by EvgeniyKulikov on Tue, 08/12/2020 - 15:20

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I figured out how to add multiple answers in the first task, so I would not make a mistake in section 5

Submitted by margarita.draganchuk on Mon, 07/12/2020 - 18:12

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I took this material at the university, so it was interesting and not so difficult

Submitted by Pavel_Kharchenko on Thu, 03/12/2020 - 12:29

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The tasks are very easy and are designed to consolidate the material studied.

Submitted by Nikita Maslov on Fri, 27/11/2020 - 13:48

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Finding mistakes is always interesting

Submitted by vika_belan on Fri, 27/11/2020 - 13:47

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I really liked the tasks, as I like to find mistakes and fix them.

Submitted by xeesid on Wed, 12/08/2020 - 11:18

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Dear sir, I want to know two things in the following: “Those who are used to doing good things, pure souls, only go to the pure congregations, their heart inclines towards doing righteous things.” Here the speaker means to say that: pure souls attend only those sessions which are religious, they don’t attend bad gatherings. A. So, should it be the same you see above, or should it be like this: … pure souls go to only pure congregations… OR … pure souls go to pure congregations only … Please note the position of the word ‘only’ in all three. B. There are many people being talked about, so should it be the same you see above [their heart inclines…] or like this: … their hearts incline towards doing righteous things. Does it have to be: their heart inclines… OR Does it have to be: their hearts incline…

Hello xeesid,

All of the positions of 'only' in the sentences you ask about are possible and correct. The last one is a little more emphatic than the others.

You could say 'heart' or 'hearts' here. I of course don't know the speaker's intentions, but by using 'heart', to me it sounds as if the hearts of the pure are more similar than the hearts of the rest of us.

All the best,

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you for your reply, sir. Actually there is a confusion. Look, if I say: There were children in the park. Their faces were shining. You see, the word 'faces', not face. As I was taught, we use plural case of limbs when our subject is plural. We can't say: I saw some kids. There was happiness on their face. Because they don't share a single face. Similarly, if there are millions of people as in my earlier question, they don't have a shared heart, but rather, they have separate hearts. Please guide.

Hello xeesid,

I think I see what you mean now, though am I right in thinking you already knew the answer to your question? 

What you learned is correct in most situations -- when each part of a plural subject possesses something individually, the thing possessed is also usually plural. This is clearly the case when talking about body parts.

'heart' can be a body part or could have a more abstract meaning of the kind I suggested in my first reply, which is why I think that either 'heart' or 'hearts' can be correct. If 'hearts' (which even in the plural can also have the more abstract meaning), then I'd encourage you to use that form. I had understood that you were trying to understand why someone might say 'heart'.

Hope this helps.

All the best,

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Dear sir, I asked my first question because of the confusion I developed reading it [i.e. their heart...] somewhere, which was weird to me; I thought I should take an expert's opinion on this. Thanking you for both of your replies sir.

Submitted by Dilnoza Sulaymonova on Fri, 12/06/2020 - 13:31

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very easy ways of learning I think

Submitted by Aniyanmon on Wed, 31/07/2019 - 16:43

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Dear Sir, Please see the following sentences. I would like to know which of the following sentences is correct. After "videos" "gives" or "give" is apt. In English this type of doubts always confusing me. Kindly enlighten me on this. I know the rules regarding noun and verb but yet sometimes I am confused. Kindly tell me which is the subject here. 1) Watching your videos gives me lots of confidence. 2) Watching your videos give me lots of confidence. Thank you.

Hello Aniyanmon

The gerund 'watching' in 'watching your videos' is singular, so 1 is correct here.

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Submitted by IamEnough on Mon, 31/12/2018 - 16:43

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Hello, I live in the UK and am currently employed in the insurance sector. I am not a native speaker, and today, one of my British colleagues in the office suggested that a sentence I had written as a part of an email to a customer was wrong. Luckily, I asked her to proofread it before sending it. The sentence in question was 'We note that you have no objections to the removal of the implicated in the current damage trees.' My colleague said that the sentence did not make any sense. I am confused as to what exactly is wrong with the sentence, so I was hoping that you might be able to help. Kind regards, Mariyan

Submitted by Kirk on Tue, 01/01/2019 - 07:25

In reply to by IamEnough

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Hello Mariyan

I'm afraid I don't understand what the sentence means, either, but I put this down more to not knowing enough about the insurance industry. For example, is a 'damage tree' a kind of insurance term? Or are you speaking about some trees that were damaged? If it's the latter, then it should be 'damaged trees'. I might also say 'implicated parties' if that's referring to people. In short, if you could explain what you want this sentence to communicate in other words, we'll be happy to help you understand it.

All the best
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Submitted by Martou_1234 on Thu, 07/06/2018 - 17:48

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But now, i know it's very important to take attention when you write an email before you send it. And verify if something is bad.

Submitted by Martou_1234 on Thu, 07/06/2018 - 17:43

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That was very important for me,and i am so happy to make exercises. Because, i usually make mistakes about spelling , punctuation...

Submitted by Ibe Ben on Wed, 25/04/2018 - 09:24

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Which is proper: Each of you is/are allowed to make a presentation.

Hello Ibe Ben,

Normally a singular verb ('is) is used here, though sometimes in informal situations some people might use a plural one. I'd recommend you use the singular one, however, as it is the one that is traditionally considered correct.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Submitted by rawand marshall on Mon, 25/12/2017 - 17:43

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good tricks and simple ways for learning ..

Submitted by Samavor on Thu, 12/10/2017 - 05:03

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Dear Sir: I do have a question about the noun MEDIA. How must I teach this word, as a singular or plural noun? Thanks for your time. Best regards.

Hello Samavor,

'Media' can be singular or plural. If we are thinking about the media as a whole (as an institution) then we can use the singular. If we are thinking about the people or companies which collectively form the media then we can use the plural.

There are many nouns like this in English, including 'government', 'police', 'army', 'Manchester United', 'family' and many more.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Submitted by Wama on Wed, 12/07/2017 - 09:51

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Thake you for your efforts. I made one mistake only, wish to get 100 % in all sections all time.

Submitted by Momocompanyman on Thu, 11/05/2017 - 14:49

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Dear Sir, I am sorry they say about the spelling , so the meaning of this sentence isn't correct. Best regards.

Submitted by Momocompanyman on Thu, 11/05/2017 - 14:45

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Dear Sir , I can't understand the following sentence : Wear do you want to meat?. Yours truly

Submitted by Andrew international on Thu, 13/04/2017 - 08:34

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Dear Mr.Kirk Thank you very much for your suggestion that is esactly what I want to say Best regards Andrew international

Submitted by Andrew international on Wed, 12/04/2017 - 10:25

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Dear Sir Please let me know in the sentence given below' the time convenient' is correct or not Because 'time' is uncountable and also countable Is alright to say 'the time' eg. Let us know the time convenient for you.' regards Andrew int

Submitted by Kirk on Wed, 12/04/2017 - 15:01

In reply to by Andrew international

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Hello Andrew international,

'time' can be a count or uncount noun. If you mean a specific time of day (e.g. 11.30), for example, then it can be a count noun. I'm not sure what you want to say with this sentence, but if you're asking someone to confirm the time of day that it would be convenient for them to do something, then this sentence could be confusing. I'd suggest something like 'Let us know what time is convenient for you' instead.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Submitted by kyawphonenaing on Thu, 02/03/2017 - 17:23

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Could someone explain me why no common words are used in formal writing and what is difference between common words and not common words?

Hello kyawphonenaing,

It would take a very long answer to answer your question properly! In the end, it is just a convention that we speak one way and write another. It's kind of like learning about different customs.

If you want to learn more about this, I'd suggest doing an internet search for something like 'formal and informal writing styles'. There are a lot of good resources available on the internet to help you with this. If you read several examples of formal and informal emails, you'll start to see some of the differences.

I hope this helps you!

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Submitted by dorinastoica on Sat, 18/02/2017 - 18:24

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Thank you...it was useful to me

Submitted by Omer Okan on Fri, 17/02/2017 - 13:05

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Dear Sir, How can i improve my English Vocabulary and Pharesel Verbs?

Submitted by Mobom on Thu, 16/02/2017 - 16:24

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Hello sir, I'm mobom Nyorak and I'm not from English speaking country. But i like speaking English. I am still not able to use preposition correctly in a sentences particularly at and in. Could you please help me

Hello Mobom,

Prepositions are used with many different meanings and in many contexts, so it's not really possible to describe all of them here. You can find lists of them in any dictionary. For example:

http://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/at

http://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/in-into

 

Remember that these are prepositions and so always have objects, usually following them.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

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