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Episode 03

Marcia calls the candidates to give them details of the interview.

Do the preparation task first. Then watch the video and do the exercises. You can also read the transcript.



Language level

Intermediate: B1
Upper intermediate: B2


Exactly, it's complicated to me, it goes on quickly and I didn't pick up most of the collocations so I missed the whole and I couldn't repeat it or benefit it

Thank you. Very useful!

Hello! I have a question on this episode. Is it a typical thing in the UK or the USA that HRs outline the procedure of an interview? I mean, do they say the questions that candidates will be asked?

Hi Jules_RZ,

As far as I know, it is not common practice for HR departments to give candidates the questions they will be asked in an interview. In any case, the kinds of things that Marcia mentions, except perhaps for the presentation, are very common in such interviews, so I think most people who prepare well will have at least thought about how to answer them.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Dear moderator,
The last question is "You'll have already been told you've been shortlisted for interview". Why we use "will" in this sentence. Because I think you want to express they are already informed. So I don't know why to use the "will" here to mean the future. And I think we should add "an" or "the" in front of the "interview". Because it seems to miss a determiner before it. Can you help me? Thanks a lot.
Best regards,

Hello Leo,

We can use 'will' for predictions or guesses about the future ("I'll be president one day!") or about the present ("I think he'll be in a meeting now"). 'Will have' is used in the same way when we are guessing about something before a point in the future ("At three o'clock I'll have been here for six hours!") or present ("The meeting will have finished by now"). The use of 'will have' in your example is similar to these: a guess or expectation about something which happened before the present.


You can say 'for an interview' or 'for interview' without any difference of meaning in this context.



The LearnEnglish Team

Dear Peter,
Can i ask if we can say "you must already told you've been shortlisted for interview" in stead of "You'll have already been told you've been shortlisted for interview..." ?
And what is the difference between above two sentences?

Thank you. And Happy new year!

Hello Vienna2018,

The sentence is not quite correct. You need to say:

You must have already been told (that) you've been shortlisted for interview.


Both sentences are about what someone believes or expects to be true. We generally use 'will have...' when we have an expectation based on what we know about the world (procedures, what is normal, typical etc) and 'must have...' when we have some concrete evidence which persuades us (something we can see, for example, or something we have just heard). The difference is not great, however, and the forms are often interchangeable.



The LearnEnglish Team

I got it. Thank you!

Thanks a lot, very clear~