Richard shows us the best way to see London's many sights, travels back in time to the Warwick Castle of 500 years ago... and gets into a sword fight!

Task 1

Select the things Richard did.


Task 2

Put the descriptive phrases with the places they describe to make complete sentences.


Task 3

Type the right preposition in the space to complete the sentence.


Task 4

Can you make these sentences from Warwick Castle's visitors' guide?




Language level

Advanced: C1
Upper intermediate: B2


Hello, team!
There is a sentence from the podcast: "what would it have been like to have lived hundreds of years ago?"

I have grammar questions about this sentence:

1. The first part of the sentence above is a sort of a result part in the Third Conditional.
I mean, I can change the sentence into something like "what would it have been like if I had lived hundreds of years ago?", thus making the Third Conditional.

So we use the Present Perfect in this first part ("what would it have been like").

Am I correct in my guess?

2. In the second part we also use something that looks like the Present Perfect, but in fact it isn't: "to have lived hundreds of years ago".

What is this grammatical construction - "to have lived"?

3. Continuing the 2d question above:
Can I change in the sentece "to have lived" into "to live" (I mean "what would it have been like to live hundreds of years ago?")?
Will it change the meaning?

Hello Yshc,

The phrase 'would have been' is not a present perfect form but rather a perfect modal (modal + have + past participle). However, you are correct that it functions like a third conditional form.

The form 'to have lived' is a perfect infinitive form. The infinitive has several forms: the bare infinitive ('to live'), the passive infinitive ('to be lived'), the continuous infinitive ('to be living'), the perfect infintive ('to have lived') and so on.

You can change 'to have lived' to 'to live' here without any change in meaning.



The LearnEnglish Team

Actually, I didn't know too much about London Historical Places before watching this video. But I'd love to visit the London Eye and the Warwick Castle. Here in Brazil there are a lot of historical places to visit too. In my city, for example, there's a part of the city which was entirely recovered and it's very similar to what it would have looked like 200 years ago.
I don't know if I would enjoy living during the 16th century. I mean, I can't live without internet.

First at All, I want to visit London and all of its historic and iconic places, then make around by the streets, take a boat by Thames river and then visit other interesting cities and places in all entire UK.
Yes, in my country there are many historic places and we have a long history to know, Inca and before Incas cultures left many places and monuments in many regions of my country, Cuzco was the capitol of Incas Empire so in this city and around it there are many monuments and places to visit, Machu Pichu is the most known place, in the current capitol Lima there many castle and big houses during Spain Colony, and monuments of before Incas culture as well. at north of the country You could get Trujillo and Chilcayo cties where yo could visit many monuments of Chimu and Mochica cultures, in Chachapoyas region North East as well. at South of Lima on Desert of Nazca you could get Nazca Lines which are a enigmatic places to discover by scientifics.

Hello, everyone.
☆ Where would you like to visit in London?
- I've heard and read a lot about the beautiful places of Great Britain. However, most of all I'd like to visit London and its sights. Among them there are The House of Parliament, Buckingham Palace, St Paul's Cathedral, London Brigde and The Tower of London. I'd like to visit all the famous museum in London as well, especially British museum. Hopefuly, I could see many historical heritages gathering from all over the world there.
Besides, I'd certainly visit the old University of Cambridge and Oxford.
I think traveling in these places would be very interisting.
☆ Are there many historical places in your country?
- Yes, there are a lot of the buildings in my country which has a certain historical bearing that building.
The historical buildings on the whole give an idea and insight of the cities past, its culture and the lifestyle of the people of another era.
☆ What would life have been like 500 years ago?
- 500 years ago is the last period of Hindu Kingdoms in my country, Indonesia. Many well-organized kingdoms with high degree of civilization were ruled by indigenous kings who had adopted the Hindu religion. The period in our history is called the period of Hindu-Indonesia period.
The period was also reffered to the first portuguese colonialism in my country Indonesia.

Hi Kirk, in thi video, they say "in the fourteen hundreds". I have studied "hundred" is always singular after a number and it can be plural only when there is no number in the front, e.g. in "hundreds of people". I thought I would read it "in fourteen hundred", even without the article "the".
Same for 1620s, even in this case I would think it is because they include all the 10 years of the 20s.
Could you help me out to put all this in place?
Thank you,

Hello Maria,

It's true that when we are pronouncing one specific number, 'hundred' is singular, and also that we say 'hundreds of people'. But it's also possible to use 'the' before 'hundreds' in contexts when 'the' makes sense, e.g. 'The hundreds of people who came to the concert were disappointed', in which we're talking about a specific group of people.

When we want to speak about the span of a century, or a time within that century - for example 1400-1500 - we can say 'the 15th century' or 'the 1400s' (pronounced 'fourteen hundreds'). And when we want to speak about a decade or time within that decade, we can say, for example, 'the 1620s' or even just 'the 20s' (if from context it's clear that we're talking about that decade in the 17th century).

Does that make sense?

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team


Yes Kirk, it's all clear now. Thank you very much for yr explanation.

I would definitely like to go on a guided tour of Buckingham Palace and have a ride on the London Eye a few times. It would be great to visit Elizabeth Tower and approach the most famous bell in the world as close as possible. The Globe Theatre is without a doubt among the most desirable places to visit in London for me. Museums, galleries, squares, historical sites and buildings, bus tours and walking excursions are all those things that attract me in such a great city as London! But there’s more – I’m going to run the London Marathon one day and I hope nothing will prevent me from doing it.
Sadly, one of the most famous cities in Ukraine is probably Chernobyl. My friend’s grandmother still lives near there and after his last visit to her he brought a souvenir hat with the word ‘Chernobyl’ on it. And maybe I’m not right but I think that selling souvenirs in such a place is extremely inappropriate especially when it’s done for increasing one’s bank account.
If you want to come to Ukraine one day, I would recommend to visit such cities as Kyiv and Lviv - one of which is a capital of my country, of course, and has a lot of interesting places to go to, and the other is the most romantic and authentic one visited by many tourists from all around the world.
I’m sure that life 500 years ago would have been simply different especially if you would come there from the future having experienced the modern and more convenient, in many aspects, way of life.