Irregular verbs

Level: beginner

Most verbs have a past tense and past participle with –ed:


But many of the most frequent verbs are irregular:

Base form Past tense Past participle
be was/were been
begin began begun
break broke broken
bring brought brought
buy bought bought
build built built
choose chose chosen
come came come
cost cost cost
cut cut cut
do did done
draw drew drawn
drive drove driven
eat ate eaten
feel felt felt
find found found
get got got
give gave given
go went gone
have had had
hear heard heard
hold held held
keep kept kept
know knew known
leave left left
lead led led
let let let
lie lay lain
lose lost lost
make made made
mean meant meant
meet met met
pay paid paid
put put put
run ran run
say said said
see saw seen
sell sold sold
send sent sent
set set set
sit sat sat
speak spoke spoken
spend spent spent
stand stood stood
take took taken
teach taught taught
tell told told
think thought thought
understand understood understood
wear wore worn
win won won
write wrote written
Irregular verbs


Average: 4 (988 votes)

Submitted by MoussA El-GazzaR on Fri, 19/01/2018 - 13:53

What's the difference between sit and set ?

Hello MoussA El-GazzaR,

These are two entirely different words without any particular similarity. For the base definitions and uses of these words you can check in a dictionary:




If you have particular examples in mind then please post the sentences and we'll be happy to comment on those.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

In the dictionary they both have the same meaning, like you can say ( sit down or set down ) but which one of them is the correct to say ?

Hello MoussA,

Did you follow the links that Peter posted? Those definitions are definitely not the same. Just because you can use 'down' after both words doesn't make them mean the same thing. You sit down on a chair but you set down your phone on a table.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Submitted by Petals on Wed, 03/01/2018 - 10:41

Hello, Please tell me the difference between the following: A house off/by/near the main road.
Profile picture for user Peter M.

Submitted by Peter M. on Thu, 04/01/2018 - 07:52

In reply to by Petals


Hello Petals,

The meanings here are very close and in most cases I would say that they are interchangeable. Certainly 'by' and 'near' are really the same, I would say.

'Off the main road' suggests that you need to move away from the main road to reach the house. It may be down a minor road or a path, for example.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team