International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples

The International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples on 9 August is a day to promote indigenous peoples' rights and celebrate indigenous communities, from the Inuit in the Arctic Circle to the Tuareg in the deserts of northern Africa.

Do the preparation task first. Then read the article and do the exercises.

Since 1994 the UN has celebrated the International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples on 9 August with special events, conferences and meetings around the world.

Who are the indigenous peoples of the world?

Indigenous people are the first people to live in a particular place – the original population that first created a community on that land before other people came to live in, conquer or colonise the area. People self-identify as indigenous. That means they decide for themselves whether they consider themselves to be indigenous. 

There are more than 350 million indigenous people living in 90 countries. They represent 5,000 different cultures and speak the great majority of the thousands of languages that are spoken around the world today. Indigenous communities often have distinct beliefs, culture and customs. Many indigenous people still live in very close contact with the land, with a respect for and understanding of their natural surroundings. 

What challenges do they face?

Indigenous peoples are not the dominant groups in the societies they live in. The dominant groups are the people that arrived later. This means that indigenous peoples have suffered from many problems related to a lack of economic power, social protection and political representation.

Although indigenous people make up less than five per cent of the world's total population, they represent 15 per cent of the world's poorest people. They are more likely to have limited access to healthcare and education, and members of indigenous communities live shorter lives than non-indigenous groups. Their languages are not normally taught in schools, and many of these languages are in danger of disappearing. It is estimated that one indigenous language is lost every two weeks. 

Many indigenous peoples do not have control over their land. Governments and companies take their land to cut down trees, to farm cows or for other activities that use these natural resources and damage the environment. This often forces indigenous people to leave their land, losing their ancestral homes and their source of wealth and food.

What has been done?

Recently, in New Zealand, one of the local Maori tribes won a legal battle to protect the river that runs through their land. The new law protects the river as if it were a person, a Maori ancestor or a member of the tribe. Another historic legal battle was won by the Waorani people of Ecuador, when they successfully stopped 500,000 acres of Amazonian rainforest from being mined by oil companies.

Making sure indigenous peoples have legal rights over their land and resources is a matter of human rights. It also brings environmental benefits to the planet. Deforestation rates in Bolivia, Brazil and Colombia were two to three times lower in forests officially belonging to indigenous communities. 

Progress made by indigenous communities is supported by the 2007 UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, a document that has been agreed on by 148 countries. Importantly, the declaration defends indigenous peoples' right to make decisions about the use and protection of their ancestral land. It also sets out many rights, including indigenous peoples' rights to education and healthcare, participation in political and legal processes and the protection of indigenous languages. 

What more needs to be done? 

Despite the progress made, indigenous communities still legally own only a very small percentage of their land globally. The UN document is an important step, but more countries need to commit to it, and the countries that have signed need to do what they have promised. All around the world, indigenous people are fighting for their rights, as well as protesting against deforestation and climate change. Part of the movement to support them is the celebration of the International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples on 9 August. Why not join in?


Do you need to improve your English?
Whether you need better English to travel or meet new people, our online English courses will give you real practice. Join thousands of learners from around the world who are making great progress with their English level with our online courses.


Worksheet88.01 KB

Language level

B2 English level (upper intermediate)

Submitted by Thinthinmyoe on Sat, 10/07/2021 - 13:26

Our indigenous peoples and our land was destroyed by those companies. Hi,teacher, I don't understand why writing of peoples instead people.And,in no.3 of exercise-1, I think it is false as being not.But it is true.Why?

Hello Thinthinmyoe,

'people' is a plural noun when we use it to refer to children, women and men in most contexts. This is probably the form you already know.

The word 'people' is also sometimes used to refer to a group of people who all live in a particular country or who have the same culture or language. In this context, it is a singular count noun, and 'peoples' is its plural form. This is the way the word 'peoples' is used in the title of this page -- it refers to different indigenous peoples whose culture exists within a political nation state; this article mentions, for example, the Maori of New Zealand and the Waorani of Ecuador.

According to the article, number 3 in Task 1 is true. As the article explains, many (though perhaps not all) indigenous peoples, who are often minority groups in the nation states they live in, often have problems related to their minority status.

I hope this clears it up for you, but please let us know if you have any other questions.

All the best,


The LearnEnglish Team

Submitted by cittàutopica on Thu, 17/12/2020 - 17:47

There's no problem about indigenous people in my country, but I think this is an issue that concerns everyone. Sure enough we live in a connected world, where the individual behavior has negative or advantageous consequences on the others.

Submitted by long loeur on Tue, 01/09/2020 - 10:02

Hi. I have a doubt. Normally, Despite is used with noun or noun phrase, correct? But i noticed that the sentence /Despite the progress made/ seemed weird to me. I thought some of its parts must have been reduced. But I could not find what its full sentence exactly is. Kindly help me!

Hello long loeur,

Yes, your thinking about 'despite' is correct. I'd have to see the complete context to say for sure, but I suspect that 'despite the progress made' is a reduced form of 'despite the progress that had been made'.

Note that 'despite' can also be followed by a clause by adding 'the fact that' -- for example, 'despite the fact that progress had been made'. But that's a bit different from what you were asking about.

All the best,


The LearnEnglish Team

Profile picture for user OlaIELTS

Submitted by OlaIELTS on Sat, 06/06/2020 - 19:42

The indigenous peoples from part of my world are an industrious people with legal and political representation.

Submitted by Sethijyoti on Fri, 24/04/2020 - 11:04

Hi. In this article, word "people" has been used as "peoples" few times. I want to know is it a correct form to use? Kindly clarify. Thanks.

Hello Sethijyoti

When 'people' refers to a number of men, women or children, it is always a plural form.

But when it refers to all the men, women, and children who live in a particular country, or who have the same culture or language -- which is the way it is used in this article -- it can be used in the singular or plural. You can see more examples in the dictionary.

All the best


The LearnEnglish Team

Profile picture for user Anaitat

Submitted by Anaitat on Sun, 01/09/2019 - 19:31

I was born and live in Belarus, in my ancestral land. I think the International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples is observed to recognize the achievements that indigenous people make to improve world issues such as environmental protection and to contribute to save indigenous cultures. For example, Tamya Morán as a kichwa from Ecuador surprises all the World presenting songs as a fusion of andean music with jazz. In the Mexican state of Jalisco The Ópera Mixe are performance in mixteco, maya or zapoteco and has the first Indigenous woman soprano, who prepared to her role during 10 years.

Submitted by Tam Laura on Thu, 22/08/2019 - 04:53

Indiginous people are the first one who lived in a place. They have distinct beliefs, culture and custom. There are a lot of such people all around the world. They make up less five percent of the total global population, but they represent up t0 15 percent of the world's poorest people. They are likely to have limited access to healthcare and education, and their life span seem relatively shorter than non-indiginous groups. What's more, part of their ancesstors' land was lost, as governments and companies take over these land for farming cows, cultivating agriculture and other activities that use natural resources and damage the environment. More importantly, their languages are disappearing because no one knows how to speak. So what needs to be done is to help these people gain economic power, social protection and political representation. I completely support the idea that indiginous communities should be exposed to better healthcare and education which governments, the agent is born to defend the underdog, can facilitate as much as possible.
Profile picture for user Tony son of Gondor

Submitted by Tony son of Gondor on Tue, 13/08/2019 - 18:21

Hello! Sorry, I have a doubt, according to my knowledge "people" is the plural form for "person", but why is written "peoples" in here, with a "s" at the end?

Hello Tony son of Gondor

When 'people' refers to all the people in a particular culture or nation (as it does here), it can be singular ('people') or plural ('peoples'). Since this article is about people from different indigenous nations all around the world, 'peoples' is used here.

All the best


The LearnEnglish Team

Submitted by parisaach on Mon, 05/08/2019 - 06:26

I know white people colonized many countries specially America and Canada. They fought with indigenous people, took their land , and made them to obey their rules. They are talking about human right, but if you go to Canada you see indigenous people still doesn't have good living condition. They have to travel long distance to access to a hospital. They have dangerous deseases. I know how American killed red skin people who didn't want those strangers in their land. and now thay take their land and own the country the way you never think about indian people when you talk about America.