Present simple

Learn about the present simple and do the exercises to practise using it.

Level: beginner

The present tense is the base form of the verb:

I work in London. 

But with the third person singular (she/he/it), we add an –s:

She works in London.

Present simple questions

Look at these questions:

Do you play the piano?
Where do you live?

Does Jack play football?
Where does he come from?

Do Rita and Angela live in Manchester?
Where do they work?

We use do and does to make questions with the present simple. We use does for the third person singular (she/he/it) and do for the others.

We use do and does with question words like where, what and when:

Where do Angela and Rita live?
What does Angela do?
When does Rita usually get up?

But questions with who often don't use do or does:

Who lives in London?
Who plays football at the weekend?
Who works at Liverpool City Hospital?

Here are some useful questions. Try to remember them:

Where do you come from?
Do you come from …?
Where do you live?
Do you live in ...?
What work do you do?
Do you like …?
Do you know …?

 
Present simple questions 1

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Present simple questions 2

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Present simple questions 3

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Present simple questions 4

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Present simple negatives

Look at these sentences:

I like tennis but I don't like football. (don't = do not)
I don't live in London now.
I don't play the piano but I play the guitar.
They don't work at the weekend.
John doesn't live in Manchester.
(doesn't = does not)
Angela doesn't drive to work. She goes by bus.

We use do and does to make negatives with the present simple. We use doesn't for the third person singular (she/he/it) and don't for the others.

Present simple negatives 1

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Present simple negatives 2

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Present simple and present time

We use the present simple to talk about:

  • something that is true in the present:

I'm nineteen years old.
I'm a student.
He lives in London.

  • something that happens regularly in the present:

I play football every weekend.

  • something that is always true:

The human body contains 206 bones.
Light travels at almost 300,000 kilometres per second.

We often use adverbs of frequency like sometimes, always and never with the present simple:

I sometimes go to the cinema.
She never plays football.

Here are some useful sentences. Complete them so that they are true for you and try to remember them:

My name is … .
I'm … years old.
I come from … .
I live in … .
I'm a(n) … .
I … at the weekend.
I often … .
I never … .

Complete these sentences so that they are true for a friend and try to remember them:

Her/His name is … .
She's/He's … years old.
She/He comes from … .
She/He lives in … .
She's/He's a(n) … .
She/He … at the weekend.
She/He often … .
She/He never … .
Present simple 1

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Present simple 2

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Present simple 3

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Present simple 4

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Present simple 5

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Present simple 6

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Present simple 7

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Level: intermediate

Present simple and future time

We also use the present simple to talk about:

  • something that is fixed in the future:

The school term starts next week.
The train leaves at 19.45 this evening.
We fly to Paris next week.

  • something in the future after time words like when, after and before and after if and unless:

I'll talk to John when I see him.
You must finish your work before you go home.

If it rains we'll get wet.
He won't come unless you ask him.

Present simple 8

ex. Present simple 8

Level: advanced

We sometimes use the present simple to talk about the past when we are: 

  • telling a story:

I was walking down the street the other day when suddenly this man comes up to me and tells me he has lost his wallet and asks me to lend him some money. Well, he looks a bit dangerous so I'm not sure what to do and while we are standing there 

  • summarising a book, film or play:

Harry Potter goes to Hogwarts School. He has two close friends, Hermione and …

Shakespeare's Hamlet is the Prince of Denmark. One night he sees his father's ghost. The ghost tells him he has been murdered 

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Submitted by Santhosh Reddy on Fri, 19/06/2020 - 13:21

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Hi, We use Present Simple to talk about 1. Something which is true in present. Examples: he is 19 yrs old. She is doctor. He is tall 2. Some thing which is always true Example: Human body contains 206 bones From above i understood if something is true in present the IS makes the sentence If some thing is always true then sentence forms with base form of a verb Is my understanding correct? If so, Below sentence also always true but they formed with IS It is a car. America is a country. That is tree Please clarify my doubts. Regards, Santhosh.
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Submitted by Kirk on Fri, 19/06/2020 - 15:13

In reply to by Santhosh Reddy

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Hello Santhosh

The verb 'contains' is not the base form of the verb -- 'contain' is the base form. Both 'contains' and 'is' are the third person singular form of the verb 'be'.

You can use most any verb in the present simple to express either something true in the present or something which is always true.

Hope this helps.

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Submitted by Miss Victoria on Tue, 19/05/2020 - 11:43

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Hello The questions with who often don't use do or does. However, Who does this umbrella belong to is correct. Please could you comment it?
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Submitted by Peter M. on Wed, 20/05/2020 - 07:23

In reply to by Miss Victoria

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Hello Miss Victoria,

Subject questions do not use an extra auxiliary verb like do or does. For example:

Who owns this umbrella?

(Paul owns this umbrella)

[a subject question asking about the subject of the verb own]

 

Object questions use an auxiliary verb with inversion:

Who does this umbrella belong to?

(This umbrella belongs to Paul)

[an object question asking about the object of the verb and preposition belong to]

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Submitted by Helen Mg Mg on Fri, 24/04/2020 - 09:39

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Hi My question is the difference between these two sentenses. I am from Manchester . I come from Manchester.
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Submitted by Kirk on Sat, 25/04/2020 - 07:34

In reply to by Helen Mg Mg

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Hello Helen Mg Mg

In another specific context, there could be a difference in meaning, but assuming that someone is saying where they live, there is no difference in meaning here. We often use 'be' and 'come' in a sentence like this, but they mean the same thing.

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Submitted by Pablo. on Wed, 25/03/2020 - 00:55

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Simple present: its formation is very easy ,the present verb form is used For example Susan lives in london(Susan lives in london) Present progressive: The auxiliary to be is used plus the gerund of the main verb that is ,the form ending in- ing. For example I go to cinema (I am going to the cinema ).

Submitted by Jonathan FV on Tue, 24/03/2020 - 22:57

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Personally it seems to me that starting with a good use of the present simple is a great progress in the development of English thanks to its usefulness and its induction to the world of English. It is very interesting to progress with this using English in activities of our liking.

Submitted by Diego Navarro on Tue, 24/03/2020 - 19:50

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I think that the present simple is very important to practice and clarify some doubts I really like that topic just practice it more.

Submitted by Seiris U on Tue, 24/03/2020 - 01:30

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I think that the simple present is very important and it helped me a lot to practice and clarify some doubts.

Submitted by Alexander. on Tue, 24/03/2020 - 00:21

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the progressive present indicates actions that happen while we speak, while the simple present is used to express habitual actions or permanent situations.

Submitted by IsaacAC on Mon, 23/03/2020 - 23:58

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I think simple present is the base to start talking english. Is very important to study it because is the root of all. I recommend to watch movies in english with subtitles and listen to music reading the lyrics

Submitted by Erikacastillo on Mon, 23/03/2020 - 23:02

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Hi An easy way to study the present simple is: do not forget that the verb is used in its base form, only -S When the sentence is negative the auxiliary do not (don't) or does not (doesn't) is used. when questions are asked we use the do or does for example Do you play piano? The do we use with (I, you, we, they) and does (she, he, it) We must not forget that there are signal words that indicate when we use the present simple (always, usually, often, sometimes, never) And remember that the present simple is used for habits and routines (repeated actions)

Submitted by katherine cerd… on Mon, 23/03/2020 - 22:24

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I feel that this is a good tool to learn and continue studying English and I would not be so late with the subject.

Submitted by Yinia on Mon, 23/03/2020 - 21:54

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If you want learn English This is the place You can use the perfect simple to: Express habits, general truths, repeated actions or unchanging situations, emotions and wishes. Give instructions or directions. Express fixed arrangements, present or future. Express future time, after some conjunctions: after, when, before, as soon as, until

Submitted by Daya on Mon, 23/03/2020 - 21:23

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We use does in third person ( she, he and it) and do in the others persons(I,you,we, they), we use the question with does or do. Also, we begin the question with What, Where or When, later does or do depending on the subject.

Submitted by Evelio on Mon, 23/03/2020 - 20:49

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Is really nice learn english in this page with good examples and more

Submitted by Angie Valverde… on Mon, 23/03/2020 - 20:37

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when we have he, she and it, we add "s" to the verb. For example: she learns French. And when we have I, we, you, they, we use the base form. For example: Ana and Mario learn French.

Submitted by Esme25 on Mon, 23/03/2020 - 20:25

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We can use the present simple to talk about somenting its true in the present, For example: I have 2 siblings, I'm twenty years old. Also, the present simple has the auxiliary Do (this is use with the subjets: I, YOU,WE and THEY) and Does ( It's use with the subject: SHE, HE, IT) PRESENT PROGRESSIVE: It's use to show an actions action is happening now at the moment you are speaking. For example: You are learning English now.

Submitted by Vale on Mon, 23/03/2020 - 18:16

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The simple present is used: To express habits,general truths,repeated actions or unchanging situations, emotions and wishes. To express fixed arrangements, present or future To express future time, after some conjuctions : After, when, before, as son as, until

Submitted by Andrés Arias Q. on Mon, 23/03/2020 - 16:43

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Nice exercises and explanations. If you are a beginner, this is going to help you a lot.

Submitted by Henok17 on Tue, 17/03/2020 - 15:03

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Hi gentlemen I want to ask the difference between the following sentences. I do care about you. I care about you. what is the differnce between adding "do'' why don't you ask me ? why do you not ask me ? some people use ''not'' before the subject pronoun.

Hello Henokk17

In the first pair of sentences, the first one (with auxiliary 'do') is more emphatic than the second one. Someone might say this when, for example, the other person they are talking to says that they don't care about them. By saying 'I do care', you could show that you think the other person is wrong.

In the second pair of sentences, there is no difference in meaning, but the first one is more informal and the second more formal.

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

is different, because in the first case: I do care: It re-states the meaning for the other person that you care in the second: I care also means that you care but with less intensity than the other, in this case "do" works as an adverb to make emphasis on the other verb , and not as an action "do"
that happens because "do" is more formal. Also because it is an auxiliary and the "do" is used for I, you, we, they. Also for example for me to say They "do not" study French to pass it to a shorter answer they don't study French

Submitted by KA Juwo on Sat, 04/01/2020 - 14:42

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I ve seen present simple in mama-called-the-doctor-and-the-doctor-said.-no-more-monkeys-jumping-on-the-bed situations. May be by a teacher or by an elder to kids, No one touches my things, leaves the room untill I am back etc. Will you through some light, please?

Submitted by gaudentiaresika on Wed, 18/12/2019 - 14:04

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Hi I'm wondering why do we sometimes use present simple when we narrate a past event? Can you explain it to us? Thanks!
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Submitted by Peter M. on Thu, 19/12/2019 - 07:35

In reply to by gaudentiaresika

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Hello gaudentiaresika,

This is a stylistic choice. Present forms can be used to make a narrative more immediate and direct. They are sometimes used in literature for this effect - The Handmaid's Tale by Margaret Atwood and The Hunger Games by Suzanne Collins are examples of novels writen using present forms.

Present forms are particularly common in anecotes and jokes, and also when describing sporting events, either as commentary or when describing them later.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Submitted by Bobby Glazed on Sun, 01/09/2019 - 12:36

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Is this question a Present simple tense? Who will cook dinner tonight?

Hello Bobby Glazed

No, I'm afraid that is a 'will' + infinitive form, which seems to be used to talk about willingness here (see point 3 on our Talking about the future page). 'Who cooks dinner tonight?' uses the present simple.

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Submitted by Sanjay on Mon, 19/08/2019 - 13:39

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sir when we use it what should we use(do/does)
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Submitted by Kirk on Mon, 19/08/2019 - 19:39

In reply to by Sanjay

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Hello Sanjay

We use 'does' when 'it' is the subject.

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Submitted by Carlos ortiz on Mon, 23/03/2020 - 16:10

In reply to by Sanjay

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Hello, Sanjay. You should use "does" with the third person singular(he,she,it); and "do" with the rest(I,You,They). Either question or answer, positive or negative(don't, doesn't/ do not, does not).

Submitted by Karen on Mon, 23/03/2020 - 23:13

In reply to by Sanjay

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We use « do » when the subject is I-you-we or they. When the subject is he-she or « it » we add «does » at the beginning to make the affirmative sentence a question. The letter « s » at the end of the verb in the affirmative sentence ( because it is in third person) disappears in the question.

Submitted by Alonso Morales… on Tue, 24/03/2020 - 02:58

In reply to by Sanjay

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Hi, sanjay When que use the "sir",se are implying that It is a person of masculino vender, so it should be used as a subject "he", so we would be speaking un the third person, It is for this reason that the "does" instead of "do"

Submitted by Russell_S on Wed, 17/07/2019 - 12:35

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Does or Do? Which of your friends _____ the most exercise? I'm 99% sure its "does", but I can't 100% say why, can anyone answer this seemingly simple question?

Hi Russell_S

Both 'do' and 'does' are possible here because 'which' can be used to speak about one person or about many. If the person asking the question is thinking of one person, then 'does' is correct. But if they are thinking of more than one person, then 'do' is correct. 

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Russell... I think I can help you with your question... the answer is "Do". Why? Because Do is used for the pronouns: I, You (singular and plural form) We and they... Does is used for: He, She or It... your friends means... they... I hope you can understand with this information and also you can try with the excersises in this website... :)

Submitted by SarabAli on Thu, 16/05/2019 - 05:03

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Hi, Dear sir,can we use do or does to make an interrogative negative sentence in present simple, (Ali always speaks the truth.) Does Ali never speak the truth? Does Ali not always speak the truth? Which sentence is gramatically and logically correct?
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Submitted by Kirk on Thu, 16/05/2019 - 06:18

In reply to by SarabAli

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Hello SarabAli Yes, that's correct, we use 'do/does' to make interrogative and negative sentences in the present simple, as well as interrogatives in the negative. Both of your sentences are grammatically correct. Which one is most suitable depends on the situation. The first one (with 'never') suggests that, in this situation there is the idea that Ali lies a lot and the person asking the question could be surprised to hear this. The second one could suggest that the speaker is surprised to hear that perhaps Ali lies sometimes. I hope this helps you make sense of it. All the best Kirk The LearnEnglish Team
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Submitted by sed far on Tue, 19/03/2019 - 14:30

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Hi can we say the simple present usally use it in the habites and the facts !!! Thanks ! Sed Far
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Submitted by Kirk on Tue, 19/03/2019 - 17:29

In reply to by sed far

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Hello Sed Far Yes, you can say that two of the uses of the present simple are to speak about habits and facts, though there are also other uses (see the bottom half of the page for examples). All the best Kirk The LearnEnglish Team

Submitted by Goktug123 on Fri, 08/02/2019 - 15:50

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Hello team! I have a question.Does these questions have the same meaning? "What do you ask on my mind?" "What is on my mind you ask?"

Hello Goktung123,

The first question is not correct. The second question is grammatically correct, but there should be a comma before 'you'.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Submitted by Lal on Sat, 26/01/2019 - 09:35

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Hello Sir Re: a comma after a phrase and before the subject For example: At the weekend she likes to go for a walk in the country or to go swimming in the pool near her home. My question is - a comma after 'At the weekend ' before 'she' is wrong to have or is it an option? Please let me know Regards Lal

Hi Lal

I would put a comma there, but not everyone would. If you're writing for a publication, the style guide used by the publishing house will likely prefer one usage or the other.

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Submitted by Lal on Thu, 24/01/2019 - 06:10

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Hi Sir This is regarding commas after a conjunction e.g. I turned the corner, and ran smack into a petrol car. (incorrect) So the correct one is without the comma before 'and' I am I correct but I would like to know this sentence is correct. I turned the corner and, I ran smack into a petrol car. ( a comma after and but with the subject 'I.' Please let me know. Thank you. Regards Lal

Submitted by mazi70 on Mon, 17/12/2018 - 09:27

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hello sir i wanna know which sentences are correct and let me know why? doctor: what's the matter? patient: my head hurts what's the matter?my head is hurting
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Submitted by Peter M. on Tue, 18/12/2018 - 07:14

In reply to by mazi70

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Hello mazi70,

Both forms are possible but the present simple ('hurts') is more likely. The continuous form would be used when the pain suddenly occurs, not when there is an ongoing problem.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

hello peter i'm a bit confused we use simple present for permanent situation and continuous for temporary situation too the patient's head hurts for a short time e.x 2 days or a week but it's not permanent situation ,it's temporary situation may i ask you explain it to me more thank you