'wish' and 'if only'

Do you know how to use wish and if only to talk about things you would like to change? Test what you know with interactive exercises and read the explanation to help you.

Look at these examples to see how wish and if only are used.

That guy is so annoying! I wish he'd stop talking.
I wish I lived closer to my family.
If only I hadn't lost her phone number. She must think I'm so rude for not calling her.
I wish they wouldn't park their car in front of my house.

Try this exercise to test your grammar.

Grammar test 1

'wish' and 'if only': Grammar test 1

Read the explanation to learn more.

Grammar explanation

We use wish and if only to talk about things that we would like to be different in either the present or the past. If only is usually a bit stronger than wish

In the present

We can use wish/if only + a past form to talk about a present situation we would like to be different. 

I wish you didn't live so far away.
If only we knew what to do.
He wishes he could afford a holiday.

In the past

We can use wish/if only + a past perfect form to talk about something we would like to change about the past. 

They wish they hadn't eaten so much chocolate. They're feeling very sick now.
If only I'd studied harder when I was at school. 

Expressing annoyance

We can use wish + would(n't) to show that we are annoyed with what someone or something does or doesn't do. We often feel that they are unlikely or unwilling to change.

I wish you wouldn't borrow my clothes without asking.
I wish it would rain. The garden really needs some water.
She wishes he'd work less. They never spend any time together.

Do this exercise to test your grammar again.

Grammar test 2

'wish' and 'if only': Grammar test 2

Language level

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Average: 3.7 (3 votes)

Submitted by Karavik on Wed, 15/07/2020 - 02:55

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It is very good . Thanks

Submitted by Dastenova Firuza on Sun, 12/07/2020 - 10:57

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I wish I hadn't read the rules . If only I had read them more carefully, I wouldn't have made many mistakes. I wish I had such results.

Submitted by Nandintsetseg on Wed, 01/07/2020 - 08:04

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When we use the ‘could’. Please explain to me.

Hello Nandintsetseg,

You can read about 'could' on our 'can' and 'could' grammar page. If you have any more specific questions, please don't hesitate to ask us there.

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Submitted by Raji Mohamed A… on Thu, 18/06/2020 - 02:08

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Very useful materials with clear examples are given. Thank you.

Submitted by Gayane Dayan on Sun, 17/05/2020 - 00:38

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Hi! Thanks for the information it was really useful. I just want to know whether i can use both “didn’t rain” and “wouldn’t rain” in the following sentence: We are having such a lovely time in Scotland. If only it ____ all the time, though!

Hello Gayane Dayan,

Yes, you can use either form in that sentence.

Didn't rain expresses a counter-factual idea (it does rain > I wish it didn't/if only it didn't).

Wouldn't rain is an example of anthropomorphism. It implies that the weather has a will of its own and has decided to rain. This is similar to sentences like My computer won't work, where won't means something like refuses to.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Submitted by Birgit17 on Thu, 14/05/2020 - 09:53

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hello is there anyone who could explain to me why in this sentence , it's not: I'm starving. If only there were a restaurant open now rather than I'm starving. If only there was a restaurant open now. Thanks a lot for your response
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Submitted by Kirk on Thu, 14/05/2020 - 14:33

In reply to by Birgit17

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Hello Birgit17

You could also say 'If only there were a restaurant open now' -- that is also correct and means the same thing. You can use 'was' or 'were' for all subjects in statements about wishes or imaginary situations (e.g. 'If I were you, I wouldn't do that').

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team