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Encyclopedia entry

The Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal (pronounced /ˌtɑːdʒ mə'hɑːl/) is a famous mausoleum next to the river Yamuna in the Indian city of Agra. A mausoleum is a building where people bury the dead. The name Taj Mahal means 'the crown of palaces'.


The most famous part of the Taj Mahal is the large white dome in the centre. It is 35 metres high and is surrounded by four smaller domes. The rooms inside the building are decorated with beautiful archways and precious stones in the walls. The buildings are surrounded by gardens with pathways, pools, fountains and green gardens.


The construction of the Taj Mahal began in 1632 and finished in 1653. It was built with materials from all over India and Asia, but the main material is white marble. Historians believe that the materials were transported by over 1,000 elephants for the construction.


The emperor Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal as a burial place for his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. According to legend, he wanted to build another Taj Mahal in black on the other side of the river, but this never happened. During the Indian Rebellion of 1857, many parts of the Taj Mahal were damaged by British soldiers, who took some of the precious stones from its walls. Over the years, the Taj Mahal has suffered from environmental damage, and there have been many government attempts to conserve its beauty.


The Taj Mahal is one of India's most famous landmarks. There are millions of visitors to the mausoleum every year. The Taj Mahal is almost always included in lists of famous buildings to visit and is considered one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. It is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.



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Submitted by yusuke on Tue, 23/06/2020 - 03:51

Kyoto is one of the famous sightseeing spot in Japan. There are many temples and traditional beautiful buildings. I like seeing them. Because my grand mother was brought up Kyoto. So, almost every year, I could visit there. And when I was 10 or 11, I could see so many beautiful temples. And I became a fan of them. I was fascinated.

Submitted by Wakana M on Mon, 22/06/2020 - 10:20

When I was in junior high school, I went to Kyoto for school trip. There has a lot of famous temples and shrines. I went to Kiyomizu-dera temple, Kinkaku-ji temple, Fushimi inari-taisha shrine etc. they are so beautiful places. I really want to go there again. And when I was in high school, I went to Australia. It was my first time overseas. I went to Cape Byron Lighthouse in Byron bay and Currumbin Wildlife Sanctuary in Gold coast. The view of the sea from Cape Byron lighthouse was very beautiful. I could see horizon and thought again the earth is round. Currumbin Wildlife Sanctuary is the zee, we can hold Koala and touch Kangaroos. I hold Koala for the first time. They were so cute. Those are very good memory in my life.

Submitted by Ayaka on Mon, 22/06/2020 - 07:38

Unfortunately, I have never travel abroad. Of course I have never done in India. But in the future, I would like to go to many countries and learn about each cultures and customs to grow myself. If I go to India, I want to eat real curry first. I like spicy foods, but I’m not very good at them, so I may have a hard time eating them out, but I definitely want to try them. Then I want to go to Taj Mahal and enjoy its beauty and atmosphere. I’m really looking forward to going there someday. For that dream, I’m studying English and gaining a lot of knowledge now.

Submitted by senes19 on Fri, 19/06/2020 - 19:34

I have visited many places in İstanbul. The city is center of the civilization as you know. The merge point of the Asia, Europe and Africa. Above all else it has cultural and historical temple like Hagia Sophia. You must visit at least one times in your life. As a capital of many empires, it is located in the many sites as symbolic values.

Submitted by Stela Stoycheva on Thu, 04/06/2020 - 11:53

I love travel doesn`t matter where... Maybe famous place is Eiffel Tower in Paris, another French revier- Cannes, Monaco, Nica... In my coutry have many beautiful and natural and with history monuments places... My country is Bulgaria... My country is famous with our Black Sea Resorts, our Mountains ... 7 Rila Lakes, Rilski Monastery... but I can write many things... everyone can see pictures and read about my country in internet :)

Submitted by mouna99 on Wed, 27/05/2020 - 19:08

I've never travled! Unfortunately I wish I can

Submitted by syah on Wed, 27/05/2020 - 09:42

Well, although I like travelling, I didn't visit famous place yet. However, I have seen many beuatiful place in my country. Such as beach, waterfall, temple, etc. I also had visited Monumen Nasional in Jakarta and Sea Aquarium in Singapore. So sad, that I can't visit Merlion when I was in Singapore. I wish, in the future I can travel all over the world with my lovely person.

Submitted by Deiiv_mizaru on Fri, 22/05/2020 - 18:47

I'm so lucky. When I studied in high scholl I visited Paris, known as the city of the love. All of my classmates and I take a lot of photos in Eiffel Tower, It's extremely beautiful! it's surround of a huge garden where you can relax yourself. My another great trip was Mexic, I travelled when I finish my carrer in the university, it was an enoyable trip! Where I saw the fantastic chichen itza, the most well know landmarks in Mexic which had builded by mayas. And my last trip was Rome, with two friends. It's a wonderful city where you can see a lot monuments for every square kilometre, such as Fontain di Trevi or Coliseum. In my future I would like to travel for Asia and I know another culture

Submitted by Muhammad Bagir on Tue, 19/05/2020 - 04:52

Well, I don't visit many of place. But I wish in the future I coul do that. The place that i've been visit is Monumen Nasional in Jakarta and Buitenzorg Garden in Bogor. It might be nice if I can go travel all over the world.