'wish' and 'if only'

Do you know how to use wish and if only to talk about things you would like to change? Test what you know with interactive exercises and read the explanation to help you.

Look at these examples to see how wish and if only are used.

That guy is so annoying! I wish he'd stop talking.
I wish I lived closer to my family.
If only I hadn't lost her phone number. She must think I'm so rude for not calling her.
I wish they wouldn't park their car in front of my house.

Try this exercise to test your grammar.

Grammar test 1

'wish' and 'if only': Grammar test 1

Read the explanation to learn more.

Grammar explanation

We use wish and if only to talk about things that we would like to be different in either the present or the past. If only is usually a bit stronger than wish

In the present

We can use wish/if only + a past form to talk about a present situation we would like to be different. 

I wish you didn't live so far away.
If only we knew what to do.
He wishes he could afford a holiday.

In the past

We can use wish/if only + a past perfect form to talk about something we would like to change about the past. 

They wish they hadn't eaten so much chocolate. They're feeling very sick now.
If only I'd studied harder when I was at school. 

Expressing annoyance

We can use wish + would(n't) to show that we are annoyed with what someone or something does or doesn't do. We often feel that they are unlikely or unwilling to change.

I wish you wouldn't borrow my clothes without asking.
I wish it would rain. The garden really needs some water.
She wishes he'd work less. They never spend any time together.

Do this exercise to test your grammar again.

Grammar test 2

'wish' and 'if only': Grammar test 2

Language level

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Average: 3.7 (3 votes)

Hello MARUFA MARJAN PRITHIE,

Your sentence describes a past situation and you are talking about an something which was not true (you did not meet her). For an unreal past like this you use wish + past perfect. Thus, the correct answer is b - I wish I had met her.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you for ur reply... One more qstn... I hear so many people say- "I wish I would have met her 20 years ago" Is this grammatically correct? Shouldn't it be "I wish I had met her 20 years ago" ?

Hello again MARUFA MARJAN PRITHIE,

'I wish I would have...' is not a standard form. As you say, 'I wish I had...' is correct.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Submitted by BETSY on Thu, 18/02/2021 - 00:10

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I´m confused, in test 1says.."If only he were here now", but I have learned that "were" is used in the second person (you) and "was" with third person. Could you help me.

Hello BETSY,

In unreal if-clauses we can use were instead of was. This is true for all subjects and not only the third person. It's only in this construction that we do this.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

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Submitted by Rafaela1 on Tue, 29/12/2020 - 13:17

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I wish to talk to you, oh my Lord. ;)

Submitted by soniariverofdez on Mon, 28/12/2020 - 13:53

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I wish people _____ loud music on the train. What's wrong with using headphones?! It´s talking about present I think in the second part of the sentences. So, why not used past?? I'm starving. If obly there was a resaturant open now. Why not use "would be" instead?? If only he were here now. he'd know what to do. Why not would be??? thanks

Hello soniariverofdez,

We use the past to express hypotehtical or unreal situations. I don't know if you know Spanish or not, but if you do, it's similar in Spanish -- '... que la gente no pusiera ...'

The same is true of expressions with 'if only'.

Hope this helps.

All the best,

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

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Submitted by Rafaela1 on Wed, 25/11/2020 - 13:26

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I wish you would... ;)

Submitted by farhad zada on Wed, 25/11/2020 - 07:48

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In grammer test 1 "I wish he "were"?. Does were go with "he"