'in spite of', 'despite', 'although', 'even though' and 'though'

Do you know how to connect two contrasting ideas?

Look at these examples to see how although, even though, in spite of and despite are used.

Although we don't agree, I think she's a brilliant speaker.
Even though we don't agree, I think she's a brilliant speaker.
In spite of the law, people continue to use mobile phones while driving.
Despite the law, people continue to use mobile phones while driving.

Try this exercise to test your grammar.

Grammar test 1

'in spite of', 'despite', 'although', 'even though' and 'though': Grammar test 1

Read the explanation to learn more.

Grammar explanation

Although, even though, in spite of and despite are all used to link two contrasting ideas or show that one fact makes the other fact surprising. They can all be used at the beginning or in the middle of the sentence. 

Despite the rain, we enjoyed the festival.
We enjoyed the festival, despite the rain.

The main difference between although, even though, in spite of and despite is that they are used with different structures. 

in spite of / despite

After in spite of and despite, we use a noun, gerund (-ing form of a verb) or a pronoun.

They never made much money, in spite of their success.
In spite of the pain in his leg, he completed the marathon.
Despite having a headache, I had a great birthday.
The train was cancelled. In spite of that, we arrived on time.

Note that it is common to use in spite of and despite with the expression the fact that, followed by a subject and verb.

In spite of the fact that he worked very hard, he didn't pass the exam.
Despite the fact that he worked very hard, he didn't pass the exam.

although / even though

After although and even though, we use a subject and a verb. Even though is slightly stronger and more emphatic than although.

I enjoyed the course, although I would have liked more grammar practice.
Although we saw each other every day, we didn't really know each other.
Even though she spoke very quietly, he understood every word.
She didn't get the job, even though she had all the necessary qualifications.


Though can be used in the same way as although

Though I wasn't keen on the film, I thought the music was beautiful.

Though can also go at the end of the second phrase. This way of expressing contrasting ideas is most common in spoken English.

We waited ages for our food. The waiter was really nice, though.

Do this exercise to test your grammar again.

Grammar test 2

'in spite of', 'despite', 'although', 'even though' and 'though': Grammar test 2

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Language level

Hi, I am Sainaba. I am a teacher in profession. I am from India. Currently I am staying here in Qatar. Let's be friends. Here the weather is cold and windy. My children use sweater to go to school. Are you married. What are you currently doing? I am an house wife. I love to read and teach. what is your favourite hobby?  Qatar is a nice to place to live in. There are lots of parks for children and a lots of shopping Malls. This is a safe place and I have been here about 15 years. My elder son is in Year 13 and he is studying well. My daughter is in Year 9 and she is studying in a English speaking school. If you don't mind let's write some stories or incidents in our life to improve our English.

hi sainba. how are you?

I'm maryam. I live in Tehran,the capital of Iran. I'm a student and I study in high school.

Submitted by sitaram thapa on Mon, 16/01/2012 - 13:33



How is cold in  Nepal.here is very cold,how is your country  summer or winter.pls tell me and how are u .pls comment all everybody ok .

Submitted by A R Bhat on Mon, 16/01/2012 - 12:43

Hello! I am a teacher but I often get confused how to teach English as a second language in Kashmir..How should i begin with? What kind of english grammar should i teach at the secondary level and at intermediate level.Please guide me.HAPPY SNOW FALL as it is snowing heavily in Kashmir shiv now.

Submitted by Abdul Qahar Mahmoodi on Mon, 16/01/2012 - 10:25


Hi everyone,

I joint newly in this group, I want learn English or let say improve my English as a second language and also make good and honest  friends from the efferent countries. It is nice to have friends,  

Submitted by Purplegrape on Sat, 14/01/2012 - 13:22


hey,my friend,I am Purplegrape,nice to meet u,may I make friends with u ? maybe we can learn from each other together.

i also want to make friends with different people - i want to improve my English, then, welcome to everybody.

hello Purple .nice to meet u.I want a good friend .hope u will the one .thank u 4 ur learning proposal.thats great.

Submitted by sitaram thapa on Fri, 13/01/2012 - 12:47


hi everybody,

i am from Nepal. My English is very poor but i want to learn it different aspect to this language . I will try to learn can you help me ? 

Submitted by Sihamch on Thu, 12/01/2012 - 15:36


Hello everyone,

I'm new member here, Nice to have a new friends to learn English :)

halloo! my name is Rashidi from Tanzania we can be friend because am a new member and i need to speck and to know how to write English will.

Submitted by imenang on Wed, 11/01/2012 - 20:35


Hi everyone I am a new member.I would like to brush up my English.I am a Business English student from Tunisia :)

Submitted by abdelrazek rizk on Mon, 09/01/2012 - 21:14



My E-Friendship,Love and Hugs!
Online friends are people we may never meet.
, We see pictures, we reed comment,  it isn't the same
We care and share and show love
Thanks for always being there my friend.

Submitted by Canxuanhien on Mon, 09/01/2012 - 10:37


I want to make friend with everyone, I want to practice English more, but I don't know what should I start. How should I practice on a day?  Should I practice 4 skill everyday??? I'm just a beginner... Which grammar should I learn first??? 

Submitted by pvhnho88 on Sat, 07/01/2012 - 10:03


hi evreyone.

i'm new member of learning english, familar with evreyone


Submitted by Purplegrape on Sat, 07/01/2012 - 05:19


hello,happy new year to u,so how do u spend your holidays?

Submitted by koshis lama on Fri, 06/01/2012 - 06:03


I am new and i don't know from where i should start??? please suggest me.

Submitted by muhammed nasir… on Thu, 05/01/2012 - 21:06


Hay! every one am new one.and i wan a learn more think hope to improve my english thanks all the best

Submitted by the sanjay paul on Wed, 04/01/2012 - 12:16


Can we write like:

"In spite of short going straight I took the left turn and reached my destination"

Submitted by jamileh_mn on Wed, 04/01/2012 - 08:10


hi I am new