Do the preparation task first. Then listen to the audio and do the exercises.
Jani: Thanks for coming, everyone. So, we're here today to define the timeline for our new project.
Emiko: Yes, Jani, that's a great idea.
Carolina: OK. What do you need from us?
Emiko: Hold on a moment. I think we need to decide between us what to do, to make sure it works for all departments.
Jani: Yes, exactly, don't worry. We're going to discuss this and make a decision together. Let's first think about the scheduling of each project phase. What do you think, Emiko?
David: Can I interrupt? I think we should first be clear about the process we'll use to make the decision. How are we going to do it?
Jani: Ah, yes. Good point. Well, I think the best way is for each of you to give your opinion and then we can discuss and make a decision.
David: OK. That sounds good.
Emiko: Yes, that works for me too. I know we're still planning the structure of the later phases of the project, but I think we should begin phase one as soon as possible. We can work out the rest later, as we go along.
David: I'm sorry, I don't think so. How can we start phase one if we're not fully clear on where the rest of the project will take us? We might make a wrong decision and waste time.
Jani: I agree with you on that point, David. However, we'll waste too much time if we wait until everything is planned before we actually start working on the project. I think we should take an agile approach.
David: Agile approach?
Jani: Well, it means that we start quickly and then adapt as we go along.
Emiko: That's right.
Jani: Carolina, you've been very quiet.
Carolina: Um … I'm sorry. I didn't want to interrupt. I'm listening … and thinking.
David: Do you agree we should get the plan right first, and then start with phase one?
Carolina: I'm sorry, David. I don't think I agree with you. It's important to have a good plan. But plans can change, even the good ones – and business changes often. We need to be flexible, and we also need to move quickly.
Jani: OK. So should we take a vote?
Emiko: Well, you're the project leader. Let's go with your decision.
Carolina: Yes, I'll follow your lead, Jani.
David: Well, I guess that's decided then. We'll follow your agile approach, Jani. Start quickly and keep planning the later stages of the project.
Jani: Yes, that's right.
David: I still don't think this is the right decision, but I'm happy to go with the majority. We should add some space into the schedule later for additional work this 'flexibility' will need.
Jani: Don't worry, David, we will. OK, so it's decided then. We'll start phase one as soon as possible, and in the background we'll continue planning the later phases and adapt them as we go along.
Decisions at my workplace are usually made in different ways depending on the complexity of the situation. For simple conditions, I am able to make decisions on my own. However, for more complex situations, I usually seek guidance from my superiors and consult with them before making a decision.
Good listening, but really difficult for the students to identify who is speaking. They don't use each others' names. Will not use this again for this reason, or will use it with a different task
I agree with you, Okeroker. It can be challenging to identify who is speaking, especially in conversations with multiple people of the same gender where their voices may sound similar, making it difficult for non-native speakers like us. In the first half of the audio, I had no idea who is Emiko and who is Carolina until almost the end when one man mentioned Carolina, and I realized that the woman was speaking earlier was Emiko. However, by that time, the conversation had moved on, and it was hard for me to recall the content when going through the questions. The same goes for the men, as when one man expresses his opinion and the other man agrees with him, saying "I agree with you David," then I realized that the man who was speaking earlier was David. It would be helpful if the speakers could use each other's names more often to make it easier for listeners to follow the conversation.
It depends on situation and difficulties when occur.
It depends. Sometimes, It's made between us to make sure that works for all, other times a vote is taken then the decision is made according to the majority's opinions.
in the company where I work, there is a rigid hierarchy. For making any decision one internal meeting will be set in departments. However, for crucial and snap decisions the opinions of the shareholder, managers, and heads of departments are more preferred.
Our company director doesn't interfere too much in each team's decision making. He just makes a whole strategy for the organization and each team's responsibility is to make a decision aligned with whole company strategy.
decision making is based on votes.
In our company about some work we make a discussion but often our bosses make a decision and we do that.
Well, I am still studying now, but I'll talk about how we usually make decisions in school; especially when we are working on a school project like making a presentation about a specific subject.
we start this with how will be the structure of the presentation and we take everyone's thoughts about how he wants it to be and what are we going to start with, what will be in the end, and so on?
After that, we give each one his turn in the presentation based on each one's desire or by voting or making a lottery.
It is so fun and exciting to do a project with your classmates and it is fun to be in the middle of the atmosphere of making decisions