Coaching helps a person make positive changes in their life. Read about how a coach can help you achieve your goals and reach your full potential.

Do the preparation task first. Then read the article and do the exercises.


Coaching is about making positive changes in your life. A coach helps you identify your goals and become your own expert in how to achieve them.

Coaching is a useful tool in today's challenging world of business. Companies are merging and restructuring and people change jobs far more than before. Our work has changed and we might feel less prepared or demotivated, unsure if what we have been doing is the right way forward. So we might consider hiring a professional business coach to help us get where we want to be and feel happier at work.

A coach is sometimes compared to a mentor and a consultant. However, unlike having a mentor, working with a coach is normally for a short, specified amount of time. A coach is also quite different to a consultant, who looks at the whole team or company and how it does things. In addition, mentors and consultants often give advice – something a coach doesn't normally do.

So what does a coach do? Here are five things.

1. A coach allows the individual to determine the direction of their conversation.

When the coachee meets the coach for a session, the coach doesn't come with a fixed plan. It is the individual that leads the conversation; the coach observes and listens. As the coach starts to understand the individual's context, they might ask more questions and talk about their observations. This helps the individual see the situation clearly, as if the coach is holding up a mirror.

2. A coach helps the coachee to identify goals and prioritise them.

Before we can decide on our path to development, we need to first understand what our desired destination might be. A coach can help the individual link their business goals with their personal plans and dreams. And in doing so, they can improve motivation and focus. The coach then helps the individual identify the practical steps they need to take.

3. A coach asks questions to guide the individual and help them understand the issues they're facing.

By asking the right questions, a coach can help the individual to focus the conversation and truly explore the relevant issues. However, a good coach does not ask leading questions that suggest a particular answer, for example, Do you think x might be a better idea? or How do you feel about doing it this way instead? Good coaching questions do not tell the coachee what to do. Instead, they help them to reflect, see things clearly and discover their own way forward. A coach might ask, for example, What is your biggest challenge at the moment? What would be a successful outcome for you here? or What could you do now that would be a step forward?

4. A coach notices the emotions behind the issues and helps the individual understand them.

In a coaching conversation, hidden emotions often come to the surface. A good coach would help the individual become aware of their emotions and allow them to explore their feelings when needed.

5. A coach guides the individual to move forward, taking them from where they are now to where they want to be.

Many coaches set the coachee tasks to complete in between sessions. Over a series of sessions, the coach helps motivate the coachee to follow steps towards success, tracks the coachee's progress and keeps them focused on the end goal. The coach does not do the work for the coachee, nor do they advise them. They act as a guide to help the individual find the appropriate strategies in reaching their goals. 

There are many benefits to employing an external business coach, like their objectivity and fresh perspective. But business leaders and managers have also discovered that if they acquire coaching skills themselves, this can help them improve the performance of their teams. Managers are now taking coaching training in order to have internal coaching conversations with team members who might be having difficulties, and many are now seeing the power of coaching as a way to help their businesses grow and ensure their staff are happy and motivated.

Task 1

Task 2


Worksheet102.67 KB
Average: 5 (7 votes)

Submitted by on Wed, 15/11/2023 - 07:38


I've never worked with a coach before. The coach doesn't advise because its goal is to motivate coaches to be proactive and independent.

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Submitted by sinasofali on Sat, 04/11/2023 - 15:27


I prefer to work on my coaching skills and be my own coach. I think this way is more useful and productive.

Submitted by FeliipeAndresA on Sat, 21/01/2023 - 23:31


I have never used a coach before. And I guess they don't give advice because one good strategy the coachee can find to improve his performance is to use his own critical thinking, which allows him to develop a better strategy on his own.

Submitted by arashjahanbakht on Mon, 17/10/2022 - 23:46


Hello teachers! I'm wondering what the name of the first task is. Is it called "List Section"? Moreover, how could we tick and answer them very quickly in the exams? Which one is the best and quickest way to begin? Either referring to each question and understanding its idea, or reading and scanning the article. Thanks

Hi arashjahanbakht,

I'd call it a 'multiple selection' or 'multiple choice, multiple answer' question.

In an exam, I would advise starting with the article. Read it quickly first to get an overall idea of the information in it and how it is organised. Then turn to the questions and search for the answer to each one in the article. I don't recommend starting with the questions first, because you may find information in the article that seems to answer a question well, but without realising that there is more information in other parts of the article that are also relevant to it (that's why reading the whole thing first is useful).

I hope that helps.


The LearnEnglish Team

Submitted by Nandar Su Hlaing on Tue, 23/08/2022 - 15:17


Have you ever used a coach before? Why do you think coaches don't give advice?
Yes, I have used a coach once. I don't know that, but I know they help me keep going what I want to do and helping solutions to reach our goals.

Submitted by jyoti Chaudhary on Sat, 21/05/2022 - 10:20


Have you ever used a coach before? Why do you think coaches don't give advice?

yes, I took two classes when I was in 12class. and coach always motivates me to do your best and get better results.

Submitted by SCBC on Mon, 20/12/2021 - 23:47


I have worked with a coach before and it was good because their values aligned with mine and we worked well together. But I do think that there is a possibility of working with coaches where there values don't match yours and their advice would not be helpful.

Submitted by Stela Stoycheva on Thu, 11/11/2021 - 22:57


Before I been of meeting with coaching but with many other people. It was interesting, motivating. I stay there and listen the people how everyone to boast... and explain for their goals and I decided I`m too small to have their live and I don`t think I will have that chance to happen something like that in my life.

Submitted by Wol26 on Wed, 10/11/2021 - 10:14


Because advice is based on their perspective of things and life and work paths, it may not be suitable for me and my career