What's the best way of making a comparison? Rob and Stephen talk about comparatives and superlatives.

Watch the video. Then go to Task and do the activities.

Task 1

Type the comparative and superlative forms into the spaces provided.

Exercise

Task 2

Order the words to make sentences using the comparative or superlative.

Exercise

Task 3

Type in the missing words to finish the sentences from the last exercise; the first letter of each word is given as a clue.

Exercise

Download

Comments

My question is about superlative degree 'eldest'. Can the word 'eldest' be used for a person who possess high status? Supposing, Mr. A has higher status than Mr. B, can we say, "Mr. A has always been eldest of all (exalted)"? If not, can we say, 'Mr. A has always been senior.' or 'Mr. A is senior.'
Please also tell me if the word 'senior' only mean that A is more experienced. Can this word (senior) refer to status?

Hello Zeeshan Siddiqii,

'Eldest' is used only to refer to age. 'Senior' can refer to age (as in the phrase 'senior citizen') and can also describe status. You can talk about a person being the senior member of the team (most experienced or qualified) and talk about a person's seniority (rank or status).

The opposite of senior is 'junior'.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Could you, please, clarify the use of "most... about.."
In the Exercise number two we have "The most difficult thing about English is..".
It's ok.
But sometimes I meet sentences without "the", such as "What do you like most about him?"
And also I can find very similar sentences, but with "the" - "You know what I like the most about Chicago?"

Which is correct regarding the use of the article "the"?

Hello Yshc,

In an informal style, 'the' is sometimes omitted before 'most', particularly when it is being used as an adverb, e.g. 'What I like most about him is that he is very reliable' or 'She writes most effectively after her kids are in bed'. In these cases, 'the' can be used or omitted with no change in meaning.

As far as I can think right now, it is never necessary to omit 'the', so if you have any doubt, I'd suggest using 'the' when you speak or write.

You might also want to read through this Cambridge Dictionary entry on 'most', which might be useful even though it doesn't directly address your question.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you, now it's clear.

Hello! Could you tell me, please, if I'm really wrong in the 8th phrase of the 2d exercise:
"This book is the most boring I've ever read!" - is this phrase wrong built?

And another one - the 3d phrase of the same exercise - is this necessarily to put 'a bit' before the adjective 'taller'? Or I can say "I think you are taller a bit..."? I think I've missed some rule.

Thank you in advance!

Hello Mykola G.,

The first sentence you ask about is perfectly clear, but there needs to be a noun after 'the most boring', which is why it is marked as incorrect. You could, for example, repeat the word 'book', but the normal structure is to say 'This is the most boring book I've ever read!'

As for the other sentence, yes, 'a bit' should go before the adjective it modifies: 'a bit taller'. In general, 'a bit' (and also 'a bit of') go before the words they modify.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

In one of task 2 examples: "I think you are a bit taller than me."
Why do you use "me", but not "I" there?
It's similar the sentence "You know it better than I (know)."

Hello Oksana L,

In English both the subject pronoun and the object pronoun are used after 'than', but the latter is more common. Both of these, for example, are standard use:

You know it better than I.

You know it better than me.

Even though the the second sentence can be ambiguous and appear grammatically non-standard, it is the way that the language has evolved. On LearnEnglish we take a descriptive approach to grammar, describing English as it is actually used.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you very much for explaining!

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