Bindyu has done something to save the café, but is it the right thing to do?

Written by Chris Rose.

Image

Instructions

Do the Preparation task first. Then listen to the audio. Next go to each Task and do the activity. If you need help, you can read the Transcript at any time.

Audio icon Download audio (1.98 MB)

Task 1

Task 2

Task 3

Task 4

How well do you know how to use articles in English? 

Exercise

Download

Tags

Comments

Hello teachers,
I found this sites several days ago. I think it’s very helpful. Thanks for offering so much useful information to help us learning English. I’d like to ask a question about this episode:
I found two sentences including the word “threatened”. I noticed that each of them followed a different preposition. Could you please explain it for me? Thanks.
“Historic buildings threatened by new development
“We have discovered that Tony’s Café and the shoe shop threatened with demolition are actually historic buildings...”

Hello Sunny2015,

The first sentence is a passive construction and so 'by' is used to show the agent/subject. If you make the sentence active then the 'by construction disappears:

'New development threatens historic buildings.'

The second sentence is an example of the preposition 'with' which is commonly used with 'threaten' to show the method, not the actor. It can used in active and passive constructions:

The cafe is threatened with destruction by the project.

The project threatens the cafe with destuction.

I hope that clarifies it for you.

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

It`s wonderful! The videos are brilliant!

Dear LearnEnglish Team
Can you explain the sentence "The building company already know" mean?. I see you explained " the sentence is an active sentence which tells us that the company has some information" But I can't understand. Can you explain more clearly? Thanks!

Hello quynhanhNT,

Don't forget the third-person 's' on the end of 'know':

The building company already knows.

In English we sometimes anthropomorphise objects, which means to give human characteristics to inanimate objects. Obviously, a company does not have a brain - it is a legal status, not a person. However, we can anthropomorphise it, to say that 'the company likes this product', or 'the company is in pain at the moment' - or that 'the company already knows'. It is treating 'the company' as if it were a person, with a brain and a capacity for knowledge.

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,
I think you forgot "s" in this sentence in the transcript

Hello estu,

Actually, 'know' is correct, so I must apologise for my earlier correction of you! 'Company' is one of those verbs, like 'police' and 'Manchester United' which can be both singular and plural. We use the singular form when we are thinking about the institution, and the plural form when we are thinking of the group of people who form it. Usually, 'company' is singular but it can be plural, as it is here.

Thank you for your question!

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Dear Sir,
I forgot to say that I am studing American Headway course in Aryanpour's institute in Iran. Meanwhile I think "English Vocabulary in use and Big city small world " are good for self-study method as complementary sources according to my current conditions (The main source in the institute is American Headway).
Again it will be highly appreciated if you give me some advice.
Best regards.
Amir.Mostafavi

Hello Amir,

As I mentioned in my other comment, this sounds like a good combination to me. I'd only add that you might find some useful suggestions on how to use Big City Small World on our Help page.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Pages