Learn about different ways of complaining plus useful tips on how to complain effectively!

Business Magazine - Complaining


Do the Preparation task first. Then read the Text. Next go to each Task and do the activity.

The different ways of complaining are:

  • Face to face
  • By phone
  • By email
  • By letter

Let’s first take a look at the advantages and disadvantages of each before concluding which is the most effective.

Picture this scenario: you have bought a faulty item from a shop and you take it back to complain. You go directly to the shop assistant and tell them your problem. They say they cannot help you, which makes you angrier, to the point perhaps where you start insulting the poor shop assistant. RESULT: This will do you no favours, like getting any compensation, or even a refund. If you go directly to the first person you see within the organisation you are complaining about, you may be wasting your time as they may be powerless to take any action or provide you with a solution. So the important lesson to be learnt is to make sure firstly that you are speaking to the relevant person, the one who has the authority to make decisions.

Perhaps you don’t have time to actually go and see the relevant authority in person so you decide to make a phone call. The problem with complaining by phone is that you may be passed around from department to department, making you more and more angry until you finally give up. Either that or the phone is hung up on you, which leaves you fuming even more. Furthermore, any contact can be denied.

The same applies to emails too, which can additionally be deleted, or even manipulated.

This leaves us with the traditional letter. When we first make a complaint the usual response is a request to write a letter:  “Can you put that down in writing please?”

The advantages of writing a letter of complaint are that:

  • Written records are still very important, e.g. in legal matters as opposed to a fax or email.
  • You have complete control over what is being said, and you can present evidence.
  • You can be prepared, and plan your letter carefully.
  • You are able to keep copies of anything sent in writing.
  • You have time to reflect and/or consult as opposed to complaining on the spot.

So here are some useful points to consider when writing your letter:

  • State what went wrong exactly. You need to provide concrete evidence, with documentation, for example a receipt, where possible. Make sure you keep copies of all correspondence, including relevant documentation. You also need to state where, when, who was involved, what was said or done. Photographic or video evidence boosts your case.
  • What do you expect from your complaint?  If you are complaining about a situation at work, focus on taking action to improve situations rather than spending your time complaining.
  • State a time limit for when you expect a reply.
  • Be assertive, and stay calm.
  • Make sure you address the complaint to the relevant person.

This will be more likely to ensure that you will achieve a satisfactory outcome from your complaint. Good luck!



This is good practicing for business writing, Would you mind showing another one else to learn more, thank you in advance


Hello there,

I don't see how I can move the sentences of this task. I've tried to select a line and tried the drag and drop but it's not working.
Thanks in advance for your help.

Hello Patricia Chaumont,

To move the sentences you need only to click once on the paragraph and then once on the place where you think it should go. The paragraphs will swap places. There is no need to click and hold or drag the paragraphs.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Pete. Thanks for your answer. It is now working fine. However I must say that it isn't so user friendly. It is hard to move a sentence from the beginning of the text at the end. A drag & drop would be much appreciated. In case you plan any update of the software in the future.

Kindest regards,

"Preparation" is cool - I don"t know those words! It's awful indeed! Ytlp me pls!

Hello Izok,

After you try the task, click 'Finish'. You can then choose 'Show answers' to see the correct answers.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hi, I don"t understand what I must to do with this text? Read, translate and do task?

Hello Izok,

The instructions are on the page:

Do the Preparation Task first. Then read the Text. Next go to each Task and do the activity.

To see the Preparation Task, click on the green bar headed 'Preparation'. To see the Task, click on the green bar headed 'Task'.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you so much, The Team. I not only study many new words but also know how to write a letter of complaint with a right outline.