in spite of / despite / although

In spite of, despite and although are all used to show a contrast but there are differences in the structures used with them.

In spite of / despite

After in spite of and despite we use a noun or a pronoun.

  • We enjoyed our camping holiday in spite of the rain.
  • Despite the pain in his leg he completed the marathon.
  • Despite having all the necessary qualifications, they didn’t offer me the job.

Remember that the gerund (‘-ing’ form) is the ‘noun’ form of a verb.

The only difference between in spite of and despite is the ‘of’.

  • Despite of the bad weather, there was a large crowd at the match.

Although

After although we use a subject and a verb.

  • We enjoyed our camping holiday although it rained every day.
  • Although he worked very hard, he didn’t manage to pass the exam.
  • The holiday was great although the hotel wasn’t very nice.

We can use in spite of and despite with a subject and verb if we include the expression ‘the fact that’.

  • In spite of the fact that he worked very hard, he didn’t manage to pass the exam.
  • Despite the fact that he worked very hard, he didn’t manage to pass the exam.

Even though

Even though is a slightly stronger form of although.

  • We decided to buy the house even though we didn’t really have enough money.
  • You keep making that stupid noise even though I’ve asked you to stop three times.

Like although, even though is followed by a subject and a verb.

 

Exercise

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Hello Muhammad Erad,

The best source for you is a good dictionary, or rather several dictionaries so that you can compare their definitions. I would recommend the following:

https://dictionary.cambridge.org/

https://www.merriam-webster.com/

https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/

 

However, please remember that the context is crucial. Without knowing the full context in which a word is to be used it is impossible to be sure which word is appropriate. For example, passion can be used to mean great enthusiasm or commitment:

I have always had a great passion for Shakespeare's tragedies.

The lawyer's arguments were expressed with great passion.

Passion can also refer to desire for another person:

He looked at her with great passion.

After twenty years of marriage their passion for one another was still strong.

 

These are choices which can only be made with knowledge of the context and the intended meaning - problems which afflict any translator!

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello, I have read these examples: 'The room has been painted but not in the colour that I asked for.'
'I’d love to go for a pizza with you but not tonight.' on Cambridge Dictionary. Could you tell me please Can I use 'although' instead of 'but' to be like this: 'although it has been painted it's not the colour that I asked for'
'although I'd love to go with you for a pizza I can't go out tonight'

Hello mohamedfathy,

Grammatically that is fine but it makes the sentence sound more formal when you use 'although'. In normal everyday speech on topics such as in your examples we would use 'but' rather than 'although'. In more formal speech or in more formal writing 'although' would be more likely.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you, Peter

I Feel happy i scored 100%

Hi,
could u please tell me whats the differences between "nonetheless" and "even though" as conjunctions?

tnx

Hi Mohsen.k77,

In terms of style, 'nonetheless' is quite formal whereas 'even though' is more neutral. 'Nonetheless' begins a new sentence but 'even though' can be also be used in the middle of a sentence.

In terms of use, there is a big difference. Both describe something surprising but where 'nonetheless' introduces a result, 'even though' comes before a obstacle.

For example:

I did the job even though I was tired. [surprising result + even though + obstacle/problem]

I was tired. Nonetheless, I did the job. [obstacle/problem + nonetheless + surprising result]

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

I have enjoyed a lot with the exercises here. It twists my head and that is pretty good.

I fell happy that I am able to score 100%

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