Multiple intelligences? But how many are there? The number seems to go up and up.  Howard Gardner is the man who first identified multiple intelligences and he has since added to his list.

Business Magazine - Multiple intelligences


Read the Text. Next go to each Task and do the activity.

Everybody has a different approach to learning and the more we understand about the type of learner we are, the more effective our studying should become.

Howard Gardner first introduced us to the idea of Multiple Intelligences in 1983. He believes that there are several types of intelligences that can’t be simply defined from one IQ test. He categorises intelligences under the following headings;

1.  Verbal linguistic – having a good verbal memory, being interested in words and how language works

2.  Analytical / logical – being able to investigate and have a scientific approach to learning

3.  Musical – being sensitive to sounds and rhythms

4.  Visual spatial – being imaginative with a good visual memory

5.  Kinaesthetic – being receptive to touching objects to enhance your memory

6.  Interpersonal – being good in group work, listening to others

7.  Intrapersonal – being aware of your own personal goals and motivations

8.  Naturalist – understanding the link between nature and humans

It’s important to understand that these intelligences work together and it would be unwise to think of ourselves as having only one or the other. Labelling learners as a particular type of learner could stop them from exploring all of their intelligences. So instead we should think of ourselves as having dominant intelligences.


When you are next in a classroom ask yourself these questions to think about how you learn:

  • When I hear a new word do I need to see it written down to know how it’s spelt?
  • Am I interested in grammar and how English tenses are put together?
  • Are my notes kept neatly in a methodical way?
  • Do I keep a personal dictionary of newly learnt words?
  • Does my personal dictionary help me to remember the words?
  • How easy do I find it to hear differences in sounds?
  • Does drawing pictures of new words help me to remember them in English?
  • Does touching an object help me to remember what it’s called?
  • Do I enjoy listening to the teacher and taking notes?
  • Do I prefer working on my own or with other people?
  • Do I know why I’m learning English?

This list of questions is obviously limited but it’s a good start towards becoming a more effective learner. The more you are aware about your dominant intelligences in the learning process the more you can exploit them to make learning a more enjoyable and rewarding journey.



Hello melika_p,

I would suggest you trust your own judgement more than that of this level test. This test is designed to orient people who have no idea of their level, but you clearly have a better handle on what your needs are than such a test can. So please do move on to C1-level pages, and actually you might want to start viewing non-learner-oriented pages (e.g. BBC World News), as at the C1 level you're bound to understand quite a lot.

Good luck!

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team


That´s great material to keep in touch with business language. Thanks a lot.

I didn´t understand the meaning of the expression "define to an extent " in the sentence "Multiple Intelligences define to an extent the type of learner we are naturally inclined to be. " Could you please explain?

Hello damc,

The meaning of 'define to an extent' is close to 'partially decide/determine'. In other words, multiple intelligences make us naturally into a certain kind of learner.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

i am a new member of this site...sir, can you pls tell me how can i improve fluency in speaking to others...i can write things nicely in english but couldn't talk makes me feel very bad..pls help

Hello Minu menon,

Ideally, you should practise speaking English with other people. Perhaps you can find a conversation group or speak with a colleague or friend who is also learning English. If that is not possible, you can still learn a lot on your own by using Big City Small World episodes or the Elementary Podcasts.

First, listen to the episode a few times, and then read the transcript as you listen. You should then work through the exercises that correspond to the sections you've listened to. Identify some phrases that you think could be useful - they can be phrases you already know but don't use, or they can be new ones - and that you want to learn.

To learn them, and improve your pronunciation and fluency, imitate the pronunciation of those phrases by repeating them many times. Repeat whole phrases, not just words, because the pronunciation of words in English varies according to context. Repeat these phrases until they're relatively easy to say.

This is slow work, but you'll be building up a repertoire of phrases that you'll be able to use fluently in your speaking!

Good luck!

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Dear Mr. Thiru,

I am a new member to the learningEnglish team. I have problem in my writing. How to make my writing look more impressive?


Setha Mut

Hi Setha Mut,

Improving one's writing generally takes a lot of practise, and it can be helpful to have another person give you feedback. Unfortunately, we're not able to provide this kind of help, but perhaps someone where you live could help you.

If not, you can still learn a lot by reading and imitating the kind of writing that you want to write. For example, if you want to write articles for a tourist guide, then read different tourist guides and write a similar text using phrases from the model, as well as its organisation, tone, and any other feature you can discern.

Finally, it's of course important to use a spell checker! If you don't have one in your word processor, there are several free ones online that can be found by doing an internet search for "free online spell checker".

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi Friends,

I am working in one company. i have a problem with writing to mails to someone. please suggest some tips to me how to write mails.


Hi Thiru,

When writing an email or letter, it's important to use some standard conventions that are appropriately formal or informal. You haven't given specific details, but let's assume that you are writing to a colleague. In this case, you should be neither very formal nor very informal.

For example, you could open your message with a greeting such as "Dear Mrs Smith" or something similar. At the end of your message, you should also include an appropriate closing (for example, "Best regards").

In general, the body of an email should include a brief summary of your reason for writing, should have separate ideas in separate paragraphs, and, if appropriate, could state what action is being asked of the recipient at the end.

These are some very general tips - I hope you find them useful.

One final note: if you are writing to a superior, be sure to use more formal language than I have written here!

Good luck,

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello every one,
I'm new too, as many of you I want to enhance my English knowledge and I think that reading and writing could help a lot for every one, and like huyennguyen said, practice frequently helps to improve the way that we think and do it in english.