General and specific determiners

Determiners are words which come at the beginning of the noun phrase.

They tell us whether the noun phrase is specific or general.

Determiners are either specific or general

Specific determiners:

The specific determiners are:

  • the definite article: the
  • possessives: my, your, his, her, its; our, their, whose
  • demonstratives: this, that, these, those
  • interrogatives: which

We use a specific determiner when we believe the listener/reader knows exactly what we are referring to:

Can you pass me the salt please?
Look at those lovely flowers.
Thank you very much for your letter.
Whose coat is this?

General determiners:

The general determiners are:

  • a; an; any; another; other; what

When we are talking about things in general and the listener/reader does not know exactly what we are referring to, we can use an uncount noun or a plural noun with no determiner:

Milk is very good for you. (= uncount noun)
Health and education are very important. (= 2 uncount nouns)
Girls normally do better in school than boys. (= plural nouns with no determiner)

… or you can use a singular noun with the indefinite article a or an:

A woman was lifted to safety by a helicopter.
A man climbing nearby saw the accident.

We use the general determiner any with a singular noun or an uncount noun when we are talking about all of those people or things:

It’s very easy. Any child can do it. (= All children can do it)
With a full licence you are allowed to drive any car.
I like beef, lamb, pork - any meat.

We use the general determiner another to talk about an additional person or thing:

Would you like another glass of wine?

The plural form of another is other:

I spoke to John, Helen and a few other friends.

Quantifiers

We use quantifiers when we want to give someone information about the number of something: how much or how many.

Exercise

Section: 

Comments

Hello pumbi,

Sentences 1 and 2 are correct but mean different things. One means the information you have isn't enough ('more' is a quantifier) and two (where 'more' is an adverb) means that of two different things you need, the need for information is greater.

Sentences 3 and 4 are not correct. Perhaps you mean 'Click here for more answers'? 'Click here for answers more' is not correct.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi,

Given the population explosion, unemployment is increased.
Given the population explosion, unemployment could increase.

Are these sentence correct.
What is the difference between both the sentences by changing the verb?

Hello Rox4090,

Both are grammatically correct but the first one is unusual. This is because it has a passive verb, which implies that someone is controlling unemployment. The second, in which 'increase' is an intransitive verb, means that unemployment rates may change as a consequence of changes in population. The second also of course uses the modal verb 'could' to express possibility.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi,
So the first one can be written this way.

Given the population explosion, unemployment has increased.

Is it correct?
What it means?

Regards,
Rox4090

Hi again Rox4090,

Yes, that is grammatically correct. The use of 'given' is a little odd here as it is generally not used to mean 'as a result of' (which is how you appear to be using it) but rather as a way to setting a condition for your conclusion. It has a meaning something like 'If we (I/you) accept...' It's often a way of conceding a point in a discussion: Given what you have said, I can only conclude...

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi

Given the population is increasing day by day, the government cannot create job opportunities for everyone.

Is this sentence correct?
Is it make sense ?or
If it sounds odd then How can remove oddness ?

Regards,
Rox4090

Hi Rox4090,

Yes, that sentence is fine with good use of 'given'.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi,
Given parents are often already overburdened with family life, it can become increasingly difficult to manage meltdowns in a constructive and healthy manner.

Verbs “are and can”. Why?

Normally, in Sentences started with “ Given”
We use could or might.

Could you please clarify.

Regards,
Rox4090

Hello Rox4090,

Here 'given' means something like 'considering' or 'taking into account the fact that'. I'm not familiar with the rule that sentences beginning with 'given' use the verb 'could' or 'might', so I'm afraid I can't comment on that other than to say that the sentence is correct and sounds perfectly natural to me.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Pages