Most verbs have past tense and past participle in –ed ( worked, played, listened). But many of the most frequent verbs are irregular:

Base form Past tense Past participle

be
begin
break
bring
buy
build
choose
come
cost
cut
do
draw
drive
eat
feel
find
get
give
go
have
hear
hold
keep
know
leave
lead
let
lie
lose
make
mean
meet
pay
put
run
say
see
sell
send
set
sit
speak
spend
stand
take
teach
tell
think
understand
wear
win
write

was/were
began
broke
brought
bought
built
chose
came
cost
cut
did
drew
drove
ate
felt
found
got
gave
went
had
heard
held
kept
knew
left
led
let
lay
lost
made
meant
met
paid
put
ran
said
saw
sold
sent
set
sat
spoke
spent
stood
took
taught
told
thought
understood
wore
won
wrote
been
begun
broken
brought
bought
built
chosen
come
cost
cut
done
drawn
driven
eaten
felt
found
got
given
gone
had
heard
held
kept
known
left
led
let
lain
lost
made
meant
met
paid
put
run
said
seen
sold
sent
set
sat
spoken
spent
stood
taken
taught
told
thought
understood
worn
won
written

 

 

 

Exercise

Section: 

Comments

Sir, You shock or run by seeing me
You shock or run seeing me.
Which one is appropriate, the one with 'By' or without it ?

Hi SonuKumar,

I'm afraid I don't understand what you mean by 'you shock or run', so I'm afraid I can't say.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Sir,

A deer ran seeing a lion or by seeing a lion
Which one is right 'Seeing or By Seeing' ?

Hi SonuKumar,

I'm afraid neither of these is natural. If you mean that the deer ran because it saw a lion, then I'd suggest something like 'Seeing a lion, the deer ran'. I'm not sure if that's what you mean, though.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Sir,
I'll get your phone number recharged to
talk (to you) in future. Or
I'll get your phone number recharged for
For talking (to you) in future. I think the first
one is right isn't it ?

Hi SonuKumar,

Yes, the first is better.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Very good excercise, only one fault. To catch

Sir, My Car has not been around Since last night.
I wonder If I can rewrite this sentence like this- My car has been disappeared or vanished since last night.

I want to say that this company was closed 18 years ago or It's been 18 years since this company was closed.
Could I also say this thing like this- This company has been closed since the year 2000 ?
Note, I'm using the past participle 'closed' as an adjective here, One might misunderstand it as ed form of the transitive verb close.

Hi SonuKumar,

'disappear' and 'vanish' are intransitive verbs, so they are not used in passive constructions like the ones in your sentences. You could say 'My car disappeared (or vanished) last night' and that would be fine.

As for your second question, yes, that is correct and well-formed.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Sir, then If I want to say that this university was established in the year 2000, Can I also say that this university has been established since the year 2000 ?

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