We use a noun with ’s with a singular noun to show possession:

We are having a party at John’s house.
Michael drove his friend’s car.

We use s’ with a plural noun ending in -s:

This is my parents’ house.
Those are ladies’ shoes.

But we use ’s with other plural nouns:

These are men’s shoes.
Children’s clothes are very expensive.

We can use a possessive instead of a noun phrase to avoid repeating words:


Is that John’s car?   No, it’s Mary’s [car]. > No, it’s Mary’s.
Whose coat is this?   It’s my wife’s [coat]. > It’s my wife’s.




Which one of these is correct and why?

The keys of car
The car keys
The car’s keys

Hello kapel,

The compound noun 'car keys' is the correct form here. This is simply the way native speakers have come to speak about this item that is so important for so many of us.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Good Evening,
In above mentioned example ,:We are having a party at John’s house. [there is only one possessive noun with 's]
Can the sentence be written like this .
We are having a party at John's wife's house.

Hello asr09,

Yes, both of those sentences are fine. You can have multiple possessives in one sentence, though you need to be careful that the sentence does not become hard to follow. Two possessives is certainly fine, but more than that is unusual.



The LearnEnglish Team

Hi Kirk,
I would like to ask which one is right
"Cerys's party invitation" or "Cerys' party invitation"
Thank you for your help

Hello Lucie,

I understand the person's name is Cerys. In this case both forms are possible. In the same way we can say either of these:

James' car

James's car


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

My friend uploded a pic on facebook of a tattoo he had made for a person and he wrote above the pic " john drawing ".
My enquiry is that in a case like that we say " john drawing " or " john's drawing " ?
Thanks alot .

Hello Elias hamwi,

It sounds like your friend should have said 'John's drawing', or perhaps just 'My drawing'. If I had made a tatoo for someone and posted a photo of it online, I'd probably say 'A tatoo I drew' (or 'made').

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

you are great!!!! may you live long sir.