Topic
Pronouns - personal pronouns (I, me, you etc)

Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

We have both subject and object pronouns:

 

Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England.
They come from London.

 

Warning

Remember: English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.

If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.

 

 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:

• as the object of the verb:

Can you help me please?
I can see you.
She doesn’t like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

• after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I’ll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don’t take it from us.
I’ll speak to them

Exercise

Section: 

Comments

Hi everyone:)

I would like to ask you something.

I don't understand why the right answer of this exercise is "them" - "Have you talked to a lawyer? They can tell you your rights."

Why "they" - a lawyer is а singular.

Hello,
Which form of the pronoun is correct after ‘like’ ?
Children like he should be taught...
Or
Children like him should be taught...

Regards,
Petals

Hello Petals,

In cases like these, 'like' is a preposition, and pronouns go in their object form after prepositions. Therefore, the correct sentence is the second one (with 'him').

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello, everyone. I see some non-native learners find some difficulty about pronouns, but anyway, English pronouns are very "logical" and easy to grasp. Our language, Japanese are not logical, in a way since Japanese has no personal pronouns at all. I used to be a Japanese teacher for foreigners and we teach them "わたし(watashi)" is "I", but it is NOT, in fact. There are more words meaning "I" in Japanese and we use one of them depending on who speaks, where that person speaks, to whom that person speaks etc. We do not have one common pronoun as "I" in Japanese and this makes even us, native Japanese, confused in some cases. Best wisher for non-native English learners!

Thanks Peter or Kirk. I want to ask...

"Don't worry, he's a bit strange sometimes. Just ignore him"
I have a mistake at this sentence. My answer is "just ignore it" cause I mean that just ignore a bit strange. "just ignore it" is right ?

"Have you talked to a lawyer?
They can tell you your rights."
we ask "have you talked to a lawyer", "a" word is special in this case to press the question, right?, if not why we add "a" word in the question? if we ask "have you talked to lawyer" is ok ?

Hello mitykg,

I don't see a mistake in your first sentence. 'him' is better than 'it', because he is what is strange, not some inanimate object.

In English, we usually use an article ('a' or 'an', or 'the') before a profession. In this case, 'a' is best because we're not speaking about a specific lawyer that has already been mentioned. If you omitted the 'a' the sentence would not be grammatically correct.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello, i have a question......Where do you want these bags? Shall I put it over here ?

True or false. If false, can you give me explanation. Thank you

Hello caerdydd1234,

I'm not sure what you mean by 'true or false', but I guess you are asking if the sentences are grammatically correct or not. The answer is that there is a grammatical mistake. The noun 'bags' is plural and so you need to say 'them' not 'it' in the second sentence:

Where do you want these bags? Shall I put them over here ?

After you click 'Finish' you can click 'Show answers' to see what the correct answer to each question in the task is.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,
you write "If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject."
but I think you need to write "them" and not "there" :)

Hello poli.gianfranco,

Thanks for telling us about this, but it is correct. An example of 'there' as a dummy subject is 'There are many tourists in Rome'. Does that make sense?

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

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