Which question word to use?

We use who to ask questions about people:

Who is that?
Who lives here?
Who did you see?

We use whose to ask about possession:

Whose coat is this? [or] Whose is this coat?
Whose book is that? [or] Whose is that book?
Whose bags are those? [or] Whose are those bags?

We use what to ask questions about things:

What is that?
What do you want?

We use which to ask someone to choose something:

Which came first, the chicken or the egg?
I’ve got two books. Which do you want?

We can also use what and which with nouns:

What subjects did you study at school?
What newspaper do you read?
Which newspaper do you read – the Times or the Guardian?
Which book do you want?
Which one is yours?

Questions with prepositions:

Questions ending in prepositions are very common in English. After Who, Which or What we often have a preposition at the end of the sentence:

Who does this book belong to?
What are you looking for?
Which university did you go to?
What country do you come from?



Reorder the words to make questions




P. S. I'll be glad if you could say me how to change my message when it's been sent.
P. P. S... It's thanks that I want to say to you.
{I am afraid I have asked you to say me thanks
in the previous message, so I have corrected it in this one.

Hello Alexander,

I'm afraid it's not possible for you to change a comment after you submit it. This means you should revise what you write before sending it. But if you make a mistake, don't worry -- this is quite common and you can still learn from it.

Don't worry about the other point you make!

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi there! I'm dying to become one who know whether the following thing are right or not ;
Is this list comprehensive or are there some names missing?
Is this right or I am supposed to use the next one so that be following the rules ;
Is this list comprehensive or there are some names missing?
It's a good day that I wish you to have, it's thanks that I want you to say.

Hello Alexander,

Generally we don't provide a checking service for our users. We try to focus on explaining systems and rules and not correcting errors. We simply have too many users to do this kind of thing regularly.

Is this list comprehensive or are there some names missing?

This sentence is fine.


Is this right or I am supposed to use the next one so as to follow the rules / in order to follow the rules

This sentence needs some changes:

Is this right or I am supposed to use the next one so that be following the rules


Is this list comprehensive or there are some names missing?

This sentence is the same as the first one.


It's a good day that I wish you to have, it's thanks that I want you to say.

These are grammatically correct but sound very unnatural. I can't think of a likely context in which anyone would want to say this. We would simply say the following:

Good day! / Good day to you! / I'd like to wish you a good day!

Thanks! / Thank you very much! / Let me say thanks, I'm really grateful.



The LearnEnglish Team

Hi there! I've found a rather interesting sentence while looking up a dictionary. Here it is.
Why does he act as if he was stupid?
Maybe I didn't get it right, but should there be 'were' instead of 'was'?
Thanks beforehand!

Hi Alexander,

Both 'was' and 'were' can be used in hypothetical if-constructions such as this:

If I was you, I'd...

If I were you, I'd...

This is a change in how the language functions. In the past (perhaps 50 or 60 years ago) the correct form was 'were' and most people saw 'was' as incorrect. In modern English 'were' is still more common, especially in more formal contexts, but 'was' is also used.



The LearnEnglish Team

Please, would anyone answer?

Hello uchiha itache,

Please be patient when waiting for a response. We reply as soon as we can to questions but we are a small team here operating a service entirely free of charge. If a comment is particularly long (as yours is) then it can take a while before we can answer it.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hello the learn English team!
I've read your article about reported speech but I still don't understand some points so I'm going to ask some many questions
1- he said " it is time we went " so in reported speech : he said (that) it was time they went or had gone ?
2- he said " a chicken sandwich is quite healthy " in reported: he said that chicken sandwich is or was ?

3- " Cairo is very big " becomes Cairo was or is ?
Is 2 different from 3 ? When do I not change the tense ? If it's a science fact or a general fact ?

And do I change the tenses with time conjunctions or not ? For example :
She said " while I was staying in Cairo , I met the minister twice " in reported : she said that she met the minister twice while she was staying in Cairo or had met and had been staying ?

And when I use while to describe two actions that was happening at the same time ..I don't change the past cont. ?

Last question is, do I change needn't to didn't need to/ didn't have to ? Or to needn't have or just don't change it ? I'm really confused cause I read it in a book and online and asked my teacher ... I got 3 different answers

Hello uchiha itache,

Have you seen our reported speech 1 and 2 pages? If you haven't had a look at them, I'd suggest you read through them.

In sentence 1, the correct form is 'it was time they went'. This is because the 'went' in the direct speech isn't really referring to the past -- it's just that we use the past simple in the construction 'it's time + subject + verb'.

In sentence 2, both forms can be used. When the indirect speech is talking about the same situation the direct mentioned and that situation has not changed, then either the present or past can be used. Sentence 3 is like sentence 2, assuming that Cairo was a very big city and that it still is now.

As for the sentence about meeting the minister, you could use either 'met' or 'had met' and 'was staying' would be much more likely than 'had been staying'. If you wanted to emphasise that these events took place before other events not mentioned in this sentence, then the past perfect forms would probably be a better choice, but otherwise I'd go with the simpler forms (past simple and continuous), though again it really depends on context.

As for your other questions, can you please give specific example sentences? It's much easier for us to speak about specific sentences than grammar forms in general.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team