Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

There are many different kinds of pronouns.



Hello SonuKumar,

After 'until' we do not use a negative form. Thus we would say:

Don't go anywhere until I come  / till I come back


You may have heard a double negative in a song but it is a non-standard form. Songs often use non-standard forms, of course.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Sir, is it wrong to say these sentences-
If you are going to talk to me like this, then I will not talk to you or If He is going to come my place, I will not go home. rather than saying ones with the subordinate cause like this- If you talk to me like this or if he comes to my place ?

Second question.
what do you think next plan should be ?
what do you think should be next plan ?
which is right and more acceptable?

Thank you Sir you too.

Sir, This time 'Diwali' is 19th of October in India. It's our biggest festival showing wining over ravan's adharma by rama's dharma. it's not celebrated over the world unlike Christmas ,but in some part of the world and mainly in India. I'm sure you know about it but do you celebrate it in any way I mean you ( Peter Sir and kirk Sir) and does anybody eles celebrate it in England, Poland and Spain ? Though people burn fire crackers on this festival, I and my family don't like to because we don't want our city , country and world polluted so we believe in eating and meeting with our relatives and friends. Happy Diwali.☺☺☺...

Hello SonuKumar,

As far as I know, Diwali is celebrated in many countries around the world. Certainly in the UK it is an important celebration and there is an article on it on LearnEnglish Teens. I'm sure there are people who celebrate it in Spain -- and I suppose the same is true in Poland -- though it's probably not as widespread here.

Hope you enjoy the holiday! Happy Diwali!

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Peter.
Although it is often stated that by the time a person is a young adult they will know what to do.
The word "they" refers to ..... .
Why plural?

Hello amirfd,

The word 'they' here refers to the young person. We use 'they' when we do not know or do not want to specify the gender of the person. It means the same as 'he or she' and although it is plural in form (with a plural verb) it refers to one person. For example, I might say:

You should see a doctor. They will give you a prescription.

The meaning is the same as:

You should see a doctor. He or she will give you a prescription.

We try to avoid 'he or she' because it is clumsy and generally not considered good style.

This use of 'they' is quite old, in fact, going back to before Shakespeare's time.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Sir, There's a difference between a heap of and heaps of, I think.
If we say that there's a heap of garbage we mean only one heap of garbage not more than one but if we say heaps of garbage we mean many heaps of garbage right ? but if we say-
a large quantity of weapons or large quantities of weapons, is there's any difference and if yes then I think the same difference should be applied to 'Amount and amounts' right ? and I think if we make 'heaps, amounts and quantities' subject of our sentence so we will use the helping verbs (Are, have and were) instead of was, has and is and if we use them as singular in the subject of a sentence so we will use is, has and was instead of plural helping verbs right ? I'm little confused please tell me how to use them right.

Hello SonuKumar,

Most of the time, the difference between 'a heap of' and 'heaps of' is the same as the difference between 'a lot of' and 'lots of'. In other words, most of the time, there is no difference -- both indicate a great quantity and basically mean 'much' or 'many'. Beware that both 'heap' and 'lot' also have other meanings and uses, some of which are very similar -- I'd suggest you follow the links to see their entries in the dictionary.

In general, I'd suggest using 'a large quantity' when speaking about one class of objects (e.g. 'a large quantity of weapons'). If you're speaking about different types of the same general class of objects (e.g. shirts, scarves and socks are all types of clothes), however, then 'quantities' would be appropriate -- e.g. 'They bought large quantities of shirts, scarves and socks'. This BBC page also touches on this a little bit and might be useful for you.

The verbs agree with 'quantity' or 'quantities' or other quantifiers that have singular and plural forms.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team