Transitive verbs have both active and passive forms:
|The hunter killed the lion.||>>||The lion was killed by the hunter.|
|Someone has cleaned the windows||>>||The windows have been cleaned|
The passive forms are made up of the verb be with a past participle:
|English||is||spoken||all over the world|
|The windows||have been||cleaned|
|The work||will be||finished||soon|
|They||might have been||invited||to the party|
We sometimes use the verb get to form the passive:
Be careful with the glass. It might get broken.
Peter got hurt in a crash.
If we want to show the person or thing doing the action we use by:
She was attacked by a dangerous dog.
The money was stolen by her husband.
We can use the indirect object as the subject of a passive verb:
|I gave him a book for his birthday||>>||He was given a book for his birthday.|
|Someone sent her a cheque for a thousand euros||>>||She was sent a cheque for a thousand euros.|
We can use phrasal verbs in the passive:
|They called off the meeting.||>>||The meeting was called off.|
|His grandmother looked after him.||>>||He was looked after by his grandmother.|
|They will send him away to school.||>>||He will be sent away to school.|
Some verbs very frequently used in the passive are followed by the to-infinitive:
|be supposed to||be expected to||be asked to|
|be scheduled to||be allowed to||be told to|
John has been asked to make a speech at the meeting.
You are supposed to wear a uniform.
The meeting is scheduled to start at seven.