Transitive verbs have both active and passive forms:

active   passive
The hunter killed the lion. >> The lion was killed by the hunter.
Someone has cleaned the windows >> The windows have been cleaned

The passive forms are made up of the verb be with a past participle:

  be past participle  
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The windows have been cleaned  
Lunch was being served  
The work will be finished soon
They might have been invited to the party

We sometimes use the verb get to form the passive:

Be careful with the glass. It might get broken.
Peter got hurt in a crash.

If we want to show the person or thing doing the action we use by:

She was attacked by a dangerous dog.
The money was stolen by her husband.

We can use the indirect object as the subject of a passive verb:


active   passive
I gave him a book for his birthday >> He was given a book for his birthday.
Someone sent her a cheque for a thousand euros >> She was sent a cheque for a thousand euros.

We can use phrasal verbs in the passive:


active   passive
They called off the meeting. >> The meeting was called off.
His grandmother looked after him. >> He was looked after by his grandmother.
They will send him away to school. >> He will be sent away to school.

Some verbs very frequently used in the passive are followed by the to-infinitive:


be supposed to be expected to be asked to
be scheduled to be allowed to be told to

John has been asked to make a speech at the meeting.
You are supposed to wear a uniform.
The meeting is scheduled to start at seven. 





Hello Mitesh Chetariya,

I'm afraid we don't provide answers for tasks from elsewhere. We're happy to explain the material we have on our pages and, where possible, to provide more general information about the language but we can't provide answers to homework or tests from elsewhere.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

can intransitive verbs be used in passive voice?

e.g. come, go, cry, be

Hello prakaashdada,

No, intransitive verbs do not have forms in the passive voice.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team


I want to know if these sentence transformations are correct:

Active: Susan will have redecorated her flat by the end of the month.
Passive: By the end of the month Susan's flat will have been redecorated.

Active: Which car did the family eventually choose?
Passive: Which car was chosen by the family?

Thank you in advance.

Hello feli3105,

Good work! I can confirm that all of those sentences are grammatically correct. I'm afraid I can't confirm if your teacher will mark them as correct, however, as different teachers require different things. For example, in your last sentence, the idea of 'eventually' that is in the active one is not expressed. That may not matter for your teacher; on the other hand, it might, depending on how they see it.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Voice change of "I am going to do the job" ? Is it "the job is going to be done by me". How do I explain the transform according to the rules of voice change?

Hello amikrishnendu,

Yes, that looks correct to me. In general, the idea is to make the object of the active verb into the subject of the passive verb. And the subject of the active verb becomes the agent of the passive verb, often expressed in a prepositional phrase with 'by'. Is that what you mean?

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

In the given sentence "go" which is an intransitive verb is used in the progressive tense and "do" is in infinitive form. How do I get the 'main transitive verb' required in a voice change?

Hello again amikrishnendu,

Although 'do' in a non-finite verb here, it still has an object ('job') and so is still transitive. So there is only one transitive verb ('do') in your sentence. I'd say that is the one you should use.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Dear Sir
I have a question about using by and with in passive voice. For e.g. The letter was written
by me. The letter was written with a pen. I was told we use by for persons and with for agents but sometims I come acorss sentences like for eg. There were several accidents caused by the icy conditions. The buldings were destroyed by tsunami/tidal wave.
Acooding to my knowledge they are agents so why we use 'by'
Please help me to understand this.
Thank you.
Andrew international