Transitive verbs have both active and passive forms:

active   passive
The hunter killed the lion. >> The lion was killed by the hunter.
Someone has cleaned the windows >> The windows have been cleaned


The passive forms are made up of the verb be with a past participle:

  be past participle  
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The windows have been cleaned  
Lunch was being served  
The work will be finished soon
They might have been invited to the party


We sometimes use the verb get to form the passive:

Be careful with the glass. It might get broken.
Peter got hurt in a crash.

If we want to show the person or thing doing the action we use by:

She was attacked by a dangerous dog.
The money was stolen by her husband.

We can use the indirect object as the subject of a passive verb:

 

active   passive
I gave him a book for his birthday >> He was given a book for his birthday.
Someone sent her a cheque for a thousand euros >> She was sent a cheque for a thousand euros.


We can use phrasal verbs in the passive:

 

active   passive
They called off the meeting. >> The meeting was called off.
His grandmother looked after him. >> He was looked after by his grandmother.
They will send him away to school. >> He will be sent away to school.

Some verbs very frequently used in the passive are followed by the to-infinitive:

 

be supposed to be expected to be asked to
be scheduled to be allowed to be told to

John has been asked to make a speech at the meeting.
You are supposed to wear a uniform.
The meeting is scheduled to start at seven. 

 

Exercise

Section: 

Comments

Hi
How to treat the verb 'have', transitive, intransitive, or linking? In the sentence, "I have books", can we have the passive form as, "Books are had by me"?

Hi Adya's

Certain stative verbs are not used in passive voice and 'have' (when used for possession) is one of these so we would not make a sentence like the one you suggested.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Plzz make passive voice
1. He will not keep you waiting
2. John will not tell you anything.
3. Nensi didn't write me a letter.
4. Sachin didn't throw a ball fast.
5. She didn't say anything to us.
6. Open the door

If I could give it a try.

1. You won't be kept waiting (by him).
2. You won't be told anything( by John).
3. A letter wasn't ( No letter was) written to me by Nancy/I wasn't written a letter by Nancy.
4. A ball wasn't thrown fast by Sachin.
5. Anything wasn't (Nothing was) said to us by her.
6. Let the door be opened (by you).

Hello Mitesh Chetariya,

I'm afraid we don't provide answers for tasks from elsewhere. We're happy to explain the material we have on our pages and, where possible, to provide more general information about the language but we can't provide answers to homework or tests from elsewhere.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

can intransitive verbs be used in passive voice?

e.g. come, go, cry, be

Hello prakaashdada,

No, intransitive verbs do not have forms in the passive voice.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

thank you kirk sir (^..^)

Hi,

I want to know if these sentence transformations are correct:

Active: Susan will have redecorated her flat by the end of the month.
Passive: By the end of the month Susan's flat will have been redecorated.

Active: Which car did the family eventually choose?
Passive: Which car was chosen by the family?

Thank you in advance.

Hello feli3105,

Good work! I can confirm that all of those sentences are grammatically correct. I'm afraid I can't confirm if your teacher will mark them as correct, however, as different teachers require different things. For example, in your last sentence, the idea of 'eventually' that is in the active one is not expressed. That may not matter for your teacher; on the other hand, it might, depending on how they see it.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

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