Transitive verbs have both active and passive forms:

active   passive
The hunter killed the lion. >> The lion was killed by the hunter.
Someone has cleaned the windows >> The windows have been cleaned

The passive forms are made up of the verb be with a past participle:

  be past participle  
English is spoken all over the world
The windows have been cleaned  
Lunch was being served  
The work will be finished soon
They might have been invited to the party

We sometimes use the verb get to form the passive:

Be careful with the glass. It might get broken.
Peter got hurt in a crash.

If we want to show the person or thing doing the action we use by:

She was attacked by a dangerous dog.
The money was stolen by her husband.

We can use the indirect object as the subject of a passive verb:


active   passive
I gave him a book for his birthday >> He was given a book for his birthday.
Someone sent her a cheque for a thousand euros >> She was sent a cheque for a thousand euros.

We can use phrasal verbs in the passive:


active   passive
They called off the meeting. >> The meeting was called off.
His grandmother looked after him. >> He was looked after by his grandmother.
They will send him away to school. >> He will be sent away to school.

Some verbs very frequently used in the passive are followed by the to-infinitive:


be supposed to be expected to be asked to
be scheduled to be allowed to be told to

John has been asked to make a speech at the meeting.
You are supposed to wear a uniform.
The meeting is scheduled to start at seven. 





Hello Msqawasmeh1,

We do not comment on tasks or information from other websites or sources. This is because we cannot take responsibility for their accuracy and cannot see the context in which they are presented.

I can comment on the form [be used to + verb]. We use this to talk about something which was new or strange but is now normal. For example:

I moved to London last year. It was strange at first but I'm used to living in the city now.

You can read more about this structure on this page.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

What is the correct passive voice sentence of this :
Rehan will have written the novel by tomorrow.
a) The novel will have written by Khan by tomorrow.
b) The novel will have been written by Khan by tomorrow.
c) The novel will be written by Khan by tomorrow.
d) The novel will have been written by Khan by the next day.

Hello ajnulaawasthi,

Only sentence a) is grammatically incorrect. Sentence b) is the one that is closest to the original sentence, except of course in that it uses the passive instead of the active voice.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team


Why can't we make passive of following tenses:

1. present perfect continuous tense

2. past perfect continuous tense

3. future perfect continuous tense

4. future continuous tense

Hi team,
Kindly advises if my passive sentence is correct. The active sentence is : I rarely hear her call her children bed names".
My passive sentence is : I rarely hear her children to be called bad names by her"

thank you.

Hello Widescreen,

That is not a correct sentence. I'm afraid we don't provide answers to tasks from elsewhere as we cannot offer a service of doing people's homework or tests for them! If we tried then we would never have time for anything else.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hi sir,
He's broken his arm.
Is it a passive sentence or an active?

Hi sir,
thank you for your reply. My question is, when something happened accidentally, is it possible to keep in active voice?or could I say,
He has been broken his arm.
Do they have same meaning?

Hello dlis,

That sentence isn't correct, but you could say 'his arm has been broken' if you wanted to use the passive, but it is rarely used compared to the active. I know it might sound strange, but people use the active sentence much more often, even to talk about accidents. The active voice doesn't imply that someone broke their arm on purpose.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team