Transitive verbs have both active and passive forms:

active   passive
The hunter killed the lion. >> The lion was killed by the hunter.
Someone has cleaned the windows >> The windows have been cleaned

The passive forms are made up of the verb be with a past participle:

  be past participle  
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The windows have been cleaned  
Lunch was being served  
The work will be finished soon
They might have been invited to the party

We sometimes use the verb get to form the passive:

Be careful with the glass. It might get broken.
Peter got hurt in a crash.

If we want to show the person or thing doing the action we use by:

She was attacked by a dangerous dog.
The money was stolen by her husband.

We can use the indirect object as the subject of a passive verb:


active   passive
I gave him a book for his birthday >> He was given a book for his birthday.
Someone sent her a cheque for a thousand euros >> She was sent a cheque for a thousand euros.

We can use phrasal verbs in the passive:


active   passive
They called off the meeting. >> The meeting was called off.
His grandmother looked after him. >> He was looked after by his grandmother.
They will send him away to school. >> He will be sent away to school.

Some verbs very frequently used in the passive are followed by the to-infinitive:


be supposed to be expected to be asked to
be scheduled to be allowed to be told to

John has been asked to make a speech at the meeting.
You are supposed to wear a uniform.
The meeting is scheduled to start at seven. 





How to change the sentences that include "be used to" to passive. Like this one :

"We are used to living in the city now".

Hello Msqawasmeh1,

I'm afraid that 'be used to' doesn't have a passive form. This is because the verb in this construction is 'be', and 'be' doesn't have a passive form. 'used to living' is almost like an adjective, just as in 'I'm tired'; although 'tired' is formed from the verb 'tire', in this case it is used as an adjective.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Aha! Ok, i saw some people on facebook were asking questions about changing sentences from active to passive and other changes in english, i read this sentence "It is familiar for us to live in the city now" they changed it to "We are used to be living in the city now" is there any common thing between these two sentences? Is it right that there are changes for senences which start with 'it is familiar' or 'it is normal' like the changes from active to passive? Thank you.

Hello Msqawasmeh1,

No, not especially. Those other sentences make sense, but there is no direct grammatical relation between the two forms.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

I found a question in an english book for 12th about sentences transformations. The book called "action pack" by Cheryl pelteret, Liz kilbey and Judith greet. The question is "Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning as the first".

The third sentence is "It is normal for me now to get up early to study" they transformed it to "I am used to getting up early to study now".

They used "be used to".

I don't what just happened here, is there an rule in English talks about transforming sentences from "It is familiar" or "It is normal" to "be used to" sentences? I didn't find anything like that on internet! So what is this rule? Thank you!

Hello Msqawasmeh1,

We do not comment on tasks or information from other websites or sources. This is because we cannot take responsibility for their accuracy and cannot see the context in which they are presented.

I can comment on the form [be used to + verb]. We use this to talk about something which was new or strange but is now normal. For example:

I moved to London last year. It was strange at first but I'm used to living in the city now.

You can read more about this structure on this page.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

What is the correct passive voice sentence of this :
Rehan will have written the novel by tomorrow.
a) The novel will have written by Khan by tomorrow.
b) The novel will have been written by Khan by tomorrow.
c) The novel will be written by Khan by tomorrow.
d) The novel will have been written by Khan by the next day.

Hello ajnulaawasthi,

Only sentence a) is grammatically incorrect. Sentence b) is the one that is closest to the original sentence, except of course in that it uses the passive instead of the active voice.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team


Why can't we make passive of following tenses:

1. present perfect continuous tense

2. past perfect continuous tense

3. future perfect continuous tense

4. future continuous tense

Hi team,
Kindly advises if my passive sentence is correct. The active sentence is : I rarely hear her call her children bed names".
My passive sentence is : I rarely hear her children to be called bad names by her"

thank you.