The modal verbs are:

can could
may might
shall should
will would

We use modal verbs to show if we believe something is certain, probable or possible (or not). We also use modals to do things like talking about ability, asking permission making requests and offers, and so on.



Hello Sash,

'available' is an adjective. In English, unlike some other languages, a sentence must always have a verb. In this case, the verb is 'will not be', where 'will' expresses the future and 'be' is the main verb.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

In respect of possibility , What is the difference between could and might ?

Hello Sagir Mondal,

I think it will be easier to explain this if you provide examples of the sentences/uses you have in mind. That way we will be sure that we mean the same thing by, for example, 'possibility'. If you can provide an example sentence for each modal then we'll be happy to comment.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Halo sir,
I'm doing a research in linguistics currently. May I know the difference between modal verbs and modal adjuncts?

Hello Katniss,

LearnEnglish is a site for people learning the language rather than for students of linguistics so we are not really the best place for this kind of question. There are quite a few linguistics discussion forums that you might find helpful, such as this one.

In grammar, the term 'adjunct' describes any part of a sentence which is not necessary and can be omitted. The term 'modal' describes a linguistic item which shows the mood or opinion of the speaker on the action or state described.

Modal verbs are auxiliary verbs which express the speaker's mood or opinion. These are verbs such as 'must', 'could', 'will', 'should' and so on. You can read more about these verbs in our section on modal verbs.

Modal adjuncts are any kind of phrase which (a) expressed the speaker's mood or opinion and (b) can be omitted. These are often adverbs. For example, the adverb 'Hopefully' in this sentence is a modal (it tells us the speaker's opinion) adjunct (it can be omitted):

Hopefully, we will meet him soon.

I hope that clarifies it for you.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hi, sir. May I know if the following sentence is correct?

1. No, you should not.

Can I end my sentence just like this or I should write it as 'No, you shouldn't do that.'

Thank you, sir.

Hi Omyhong,

It's fine to say 'No, you should not'. We generally do not repeat the verb in short answers, though it is not wrong to do so in order to make the sentence more emphatic, for example.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

hello team
how to tell that my finger is cut unintentionally when I was chopping some vegetables (just few seconds ago)
01. I've cut my finger myself
02. my finer is cut
what is the more natural way to say so

and I want to know that when someone is bitten by a snake or a viper how to yell them
in a real situation ( except exclamations)
01. I've bitten a viper
02. A viper has bitten me
03. I am bitten by snake

hello raj jk,

There are several ways to express these but I think the most likely would be as follows:

I've cut my finger.


I've been bitten by a snake.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

The Taj Mahal complex is believed to have been completed in its entirety in 1653.
so, the structure "is + 3rd form of the verb + to+ have been" what the meaning of this.

and second thing is:

May have +3rd form of the verb
might have + 3rd form of the verb
May have been + 1st form of the verb + ing
might have been + 1st form of the verb + ing
would have + 3rd form of the verb
would have been + 1st form of the verb + ing

supposed to have been
seems to have been

give me the proper use of above