There are two tenses in English – past and present.

The past tense in English is used:

  • to talk about the past
  • to talk about hypotheses – things that are imagined rather than true.
  • for politeness.

There are four past tense forms in English:

Tense Form
Past simple: I worked
Past continuous: I was working
Past perfect: I had worked
Past perfect continuous: I had been working

We use these forms:

  • to talk about the past:

He worked at McDonald’s. He had worked there since July..
He was working at McDonald’s. He had been working since July.

  • to refer to the present or future in conditions:

He could get a new job if he really tried.
If Jack was playing they would probably win.

and hypotheses:

It might be dangerous. Suppose they got lost.
I would always help someone who really needed help.

and wishes:

I wish it wasn’t so cold.

  • In conditions, hypotheses and wishes, if we want to talk about the past, we always use the past perfect:

I would have helped him if he had asked.
It was very dangerous, What if you had got lost?
I wish I hadn’t spent so much money last month.


  • We can use the past forms to talk about the present in a few polite expressions:

Excuse me, I was wondering if this was the train for York.
I just hoped you would be able to help me.




Could anybody please help me. I am not sure about tense in this case:
- I called you at 5 pm yesterday but you didn't answer.
- I (to be) busy all day.

Hello Polina,

We're happy to help with questions like this, but in the future please tell us what you think the answer is and why. That way we can help you understand it better.

In this case, 'was' (past simple) is the best form. Sometimes the past continuous works well in a situation like this, but since 'be' isn't used very often in the past continuous, 'was' is the best choice here.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

thank you very much!

I had doubts about using tense with 'all day'. I always use Past Continuous in such situations. But I've recently heard the version that Present Perfect is possible here, which has confused me a little...
Is it possible?


Hello Polina,

Yes, it is possible. For example: 'I've had a headache all day' or 'I've been working on this project all day'.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team


'The bribery Commission alleged that the accused had had given information....'

I have found this sentence from a local newspaper. I would like to know could we use 'had' like this? I mean back to back.

Please help me with this.

Thank you.

Hello naaka,

The answer is that we can't use 'had' in this way! The sentence is not correct and I can only guess that it is a misprint. It is possible to use either 'had given' or 'had had' in this sentence - both are examples of the past perfect using the third forms of the verbs 'give' and 'had', respectively.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hello all
I am studying English but I didn't understand the difference between was/were and V2
someone help me please :)

Hello rvnn4,

I'm not sure what you mean exactly. 'Was' and 'were' are the second forms (past simple) of the verb 'be'. They can be used as main verbs or as as auxiliary verbs in various structures. 'V2' is not something we use on these pages but it may be an abbreviation for the second form of the verb. If so then 'was' and 'were' would be examples of 'V2'.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Peter
Thank you so much

Hello dear team,
You said:
Past perfect: I had worked
Past perfect continuous:I had been working

What the different from:
I have worked
I have been working.

Is there any different meaning from the both sentences?

Thank you very much