So what is the United Kingdom?

To give it its full title it’s ‘The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland’. You might hear it referred to as Britain, Great Britain or more often, simply as ‘The UK’.


Do the Preparation task first. Then watch the video or listen to the audio. Next go to Task and do the activity. If you need help, you can read the Transcript at any time.

Task 1

Read the questions and select the right answer.


Task 2

Drag the numbers and match them with the ideas below.






I m going to share my problem that I have problem in downloading videos,,,

Hello Learn English Team. When I was reading I found a new word . It is:" By far" what does it mean? I'll be wait answer. Thank you very much in advance.

Hello behhruz7,

Did you know that we have a special tool for checking words and phrases like this?  It's the Cambridge Dictionaries Online window on the right of most pages on LearnEnglish.  Try typing 'by far' into it and you'll get a definition, example sentences, pronunciation information and grammatical usage.  It's a very useful tool.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

I'd prefer all the videos in HD rather than the quality they're in now.

hello...why isn't there HD video?

Hello Prime,
HD video is lovely but obviously would be much more demanding for those users accessing through slower connections.  That said, even without HD on my screen the quality of the video is good and I hope it's clear enough on your screen too.
Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello everyone! I have a question about the transcript: I don't understand why it's written "The rugged terrain of the Highlands ensures the region is sparsely populated" and not " ....ensures the region a sparsely population". I'll be very pleased if the Learn English Team could help me. Thank you very much in advance.

I went to the link you gave me and now it's all very clear. Thanks a lot Peter

It helped us to learn more about the UK.