Adverbials are words that we use to give more information about a verb. They can be one word (angrily, here) or phrases (at home, in a few hours) and often say how, where, when or how often something happens or is done, though they can also have other uses.

Read clear grammar explanations and example sentences to help you understand how adverbials are used. Then, put your grammar knowledge into practice by doing the exercises.  

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Can you tell me the difference between "during" and "while"? as I am confused of using them.
example:I have met him during my vacations, and I have met him while on my vacations.
thanks in advance.

Hello chenlyfen60,

The meaning is the same but, as your examples show, their use is slightly different. 'During' is followed by a noun:

duing the holiday

during the weeked

during my lesson

'While' is followed by a sentence or an -ing form:

while I was working

while I was at work

while reading a book

while travelling home

I hope that clarifies it for you.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

Hi chenlyfen60, I am a student like you in this forum, therefore take a second advice after reading my answer.

My answer-

The word 'during' is a preposition and 'while' is a conjunction

(conjunction= words which usually join sentences).
(preposition= the words/terms which tell about the position of one thing to another)

your sentence 'I have met him during my vacations' is perfect, but if you want to use while then say ' while being on my vacations' OR 'while I was on my vacations' which is better.

Hi, which between these two sentences is correct? I usually use the second one. Pls help.

6 hours more to go.
6 more hours to go.

Hi nishantaims,

Both of those are perfectly acceptable.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

Regarding the use of adverbs, is it correct to say that always, never, etc. go after the subject, except for verb to be, in which case it would go afterwards, i.e.;
I am always late for school
I always get there on time
Thanks for the clarification.
Regards, Maricela

Hello Maricela,

You are correct that these adverbs generally come before the main verb unless the verb is 'be', in which case they come after.  That's not quite the same as coming after the subject, however.  When there is a long verb phrase with multiple auxiliary verbs the position is a little more complex: the adverb generally comes after the first auxiliary verb. For example:

I always go for a run in the morning.

I have always gone for a run in the morning.

She would always have been going for a run, whatever the weather.

I hope that clarifies it for you.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

Would you please tell me the difference between "lot" and "lots"? When shall we use lot and when shall we use lots?
There is lot of work to do.
Lots of people think so.
Let me know the difference.

Hello again chandini,

a lot of and lots of are synonyms, i.e. they mean the same thing. You can learn more about them and other similar words on our quantifiers page.

Best wishes,

The LearnEnglish Team

He cut short his visit.
Her hair was cut short.
Isn't 'short' adverb in both the sentences?