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Count nouns

Count nouns have two forms: singular and plural.

Singular count nouns refer to one person or thing:

a teacher a book a wish an idea

Plural count nouns refer to more than one person or thing:

teachers books wishes ideas

Singular count nouns

Singular count nouns cannot be used alone. They must have a determiner:

the English teacher that book a wish my latest idea
Singular count nouns 1


Singular count nouns 2


Plural count nouns

We usually add –s to make a plural noun:

book > books
school > schools
friend > friends

We add –es to nouns ending in –s, –ch, –sh, –ss, –x and –o:  

class > classes
watch > watches
gas > gases
wish > wishes
box > boxes
potato > potatoes

When a noun ends in a consonant and –y, we make the plural with –ies:

lady > ladies
country > countries
party > parties

If a noun ends in a vowel and –y, we simply add –s:

boy > boys
day > days
play > plays

Some common nouns have irregular plurals:

man > men
woman > women
child > children
person > people
foot > feet
Plural count nouns 1


Plural count nouns 2


Plural count nouns do not have a general determiner when they refer to people or things in general:

Computers are very expensive.
Do you sell old books?

But they may have a specific determiner:

Those computers are very expensive.
The books in that shop are very expensive. 
Her sisters live there.

or a quantifier:

some new books a few teachers lots of good ideas

or a numeral:

two new books three wishes
Plural count nouns 3


Plural count nouns 4


Plural count nouns 5




Hello Lal

Yes, both of those sentences are grammatically correct. Whether they are correct for a specific context or not depends on the specific situation.

All the best


The LearnEnglish Team

Can we say: The baby was in her stomach?
Or 'womb' is necessary to put in here?
Secondly, is the word 'baby' suitable for the fetus?

Hello Zeeshan Siddiqii,

You can say this. Obviously, it's not a medically correct description and a doctor would be unlikely to describe a pregnancy in such terms, but we often say this kind of thing to children, for example, or say in her tummy.


Baby is used very widely for an unborn child at any stage of a pregnancy. Obviously, the scientific terms are more specific: zygote, embryo and fetus.



The LearnEnglish Team

I would like to ask about the following. When we use the word character and when we use the word personality?
Do they have the same meaning? or there is any different?
Can we say
That person has a good personality AND/OR
That person has a good character
Thank you in advance

Hello agie

In some cases they can mean much the same thing, but in general when we speak about a person's character, we're thinking more of characteristics that they develop over time and are associated with their beliefs and actions. Their personality, in contrast, is more innate, i.e. they are born with the personality they have.

By the way, you can often find explanations of the difference between two words by doing an internet search for 'what's the difference between character and personality'.

All the best


The LearnEnglish Team

How are you ?
Can we use( lots of or a lot of) in negative sentences or should we replace them with (much and many) ?
Thank you.

Hello Hamdy Ali,

You can use lots of and a lot of in negative sentences. For example

I don't have a lot of time.


You can also use much and many, of course.


The difference is very slight and in most contexts you can use either. I would say that not much means there is only a small amount. In some contexts, not a lot of could mean that the amount is not great, but is not necessarily small either.



The LearnEnglish Team

I would like to ask if the following is correct
There are films that last about 2 hours, but there are films that may last from 6 minutes to 30 minutes. For the second ones, we say that this is a short film?
If we see a part from a movie( 2 minutes) a specific scene, then we say that we saw a specific scene?
Thank you in advance

Hello agie

Yes, that's right. Well, I'm not completely sure about the time limit for short films, but yes, in general films of that length are referred to as 'short films'.

A 'scene' refers to a sequence in the film that is one place or one action in some way. If you are talking about a part of a film where there is more than one scene, or that is shorter than an entire scene, a better word might be 'clip', which just refers to a segment of unspecified nature.

All the best


The LearnEnglish Team

I have seen many hotels in our area having name like this :


Is it correct to use both 'Hotel' and 'Inn' in a single name ? Is it not redundant ? Your view ?