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How we make adverbials

An adverbial can be an adverb:

He spoke angrily.
They live here.
We will be back soon.

or an adverb with a quantifier:

He spoke really angrily.
They live just here.
We will go quite soon.
We will go as soon as possible.

or a phrase with a preposition:

He spoke in an angry voice.
They live in London.
We will go in a few minutes.

Adverbials 1


Adverbials 2


Adverbials 3



Adverbial clauses: structure
Select the correct structure of each clause.

2. He went upstairs.
The above question 2 exercise on "Adverbial clauses: structure" is not in agreement with the intended clause structure. It is assumed that the grammatical "subjects", in this case Noun, Preposition, Adverb, Intensifier is presented as initial capital letter. Noe it follows that question two has got the following choices
"a. N-V-A"
"b. N-V-P"
"c. N-V-I-A"
It therefore follows that there is no right answer as the first word is a Pronoun.This sentence ought to have the clause structure as" P-V-A" where "P" stands for pronoun. What happens when now a sentence has got a preposition and a pronoun or an adjective and an adverb? let me procced with the exercise may be I'll find out.

Hello Githuga,

The 'N' here refers to noun phrase, and a pronoun can form a noun phrase.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hi teachers
Please the sample above does not include 'to infinitive' as one of the method of making adverbial. May I know if to+ infinitive is not playing the role of Adverb?
To get the money is very difficult. The to infinitive = the subject.
The man to pay the fees has just arrived. The to infinitive is an adjective modifying 'the man'
They traveled to visit their son . is the to infinitive an adverbial modifying traveled ?

Most of adjectives that are used as adverbs end on "ly". Is there an adverb rule to double the "l" when forming an adverb? For example: Carefully (has double the character "l") in contrast with angry that you just write angrily (one "l") or happy where you change the y for "i" and use one "l".


Hello MayelaM,

Yes, that is the general pattern for adverb formation. Well done for working it out!

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

May you please re formulate your answer? I am asking how to form them and whether there is a rule that a person can follow. The original posting only mention 2 examples but I see not all the adverbs follow it. It might be obvious for many students when speaking or writing, but not all the time for me. Thanks

Hello MayelaM,

The rules you mentioned are correct:

y > i [pretty > prettily], easy > easily

final 'l' is generally doubled [hopeful > hopefully]

These are the two main rules to follow. There are also irregular forms, such as those in which the adverb is not similar to the adjective [good > well] or is identical [hard > hard, fast > fast].

You can read more about adverb formation here.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Question3: They stopped at the end of the street. The answer is N-V-P . the sentence has two prepositional phrases 1, at the end, 2. of the street. the first one is an adverb of time modifying the verb, stopped. The second one is also an adverb of place modifying the first adverb. Therefore, the second adverb modifies the first adverb. [N-V-P-P] am I correct?

Hello grammar,

'at the end' has to do with location, not with time, i.e. 'the end of the street' is a place. It's true that 'the end' can refer to time in a sense (e.g. 'the end of the film'), but we usually think of it as a part of something larger.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

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