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Indefinite pronouns


Level: beginner

The indefinite pronouns are:

anybody everybody nobody somebody
anyone everyone no one someone
anything everything nothing something

We use indefinite pronouns to refer to people or things without saying exactly who or what they are. We use pronouns ending in -body or -one for people, and pronouns ending in -thing for things:

Everybody enjoyed the concert.
I opened the door but there was no one at home.
It was a very clear day. We could see everything.

Indefinite pronouns 1


We use a singular verb after an indefinite pronoun:

Everybody loves Sally.
Everything was ready for the party.

When we refer back to an indefinite pronoun, we normally use a plural pronoun:

Everybody enjoyed the concert. They stood up and clapped.
I will tell somebody that dinner is ready. They have been waiting a long time.

Be careful!

In negative clauses, we use pronouns with no-, not pronouns with any-:

Nobody came. (NOT Anybody didn't come.)

We do not use another negative in a clause with nobody, no one or nothing:

Nobody came. (NOT Nobody didn't come.)
Nothing happened. (NOT Nothing didn't happen.)

Indefinite pronouns 2


We can add 's to an indefinite pronoun to make a possessive:

They were staying in somebody's house.
Is this anybody's coat?

We use else after indefinite pronouns to refer to other people or things:

All the family came, but no one else.
If Michael can't come, we'll ask somebody else.
I think this is somebody else's coat.


I am little bit confused over the use of--
" When we refer back to an indefinite pronoun we normally use a plural pronoun"
eg. Everybody enjoyed the concert. They stood up and clapped.

1)As 'everybody' is 3rd person indefinite singular pronoun then why to use 3rd person plural pronoun.
2)At some other source they say that one should use third person singular pronoun in such cases. Please clear my doubt.
I am providing the link of that source.. (refer gender sensitive case)

Thank you

Hello vivekdarshane,

To answer your first question, I'm afraid that languages are not completely logical systems. This is just the way English has come to be spoken over centuries of use.

As for your second question, I'm afraid we don't comment on other websites. 'Everybody' clearly refers to more than one person, so a plural pronoun at least makes some sense – perhaps it will help to think of it that way.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello LearnEnglish Team,

I have a doubt concerning the rule "We use a singular verb after an indefinite pronoun" and the first stated example: Everybody loves Sally.

Why is "loves" in plural here?


Hello ehernandez07,

Actually, 'loves' is a third person singular form, i.e. the form that is used with 'he', 'she', 'it' and pronouns like 'everybody'. The plural form, i.e. the form used with 'they', is 'love': 'They love Sally'.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Thanks for your answer. Which other indefinite pronoun act like third person?

Hello ehernandez07,

As it says above:

We use a singular verb after an indefinite pronoun

All the pronouns in the table at the top of the page are indefinite pronouns.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

When do we use (else)? Thank you

Hi player one,

We use 'else' after an indefinite pronoun to mean 'other than this (these)'. For example:

Ask someone else = As someone other than me

Let's go somewhere else = Let's go somewhere other than here


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Sir,

Thank you so much for your all the lesson and knowledge on the website. I really like this website so much. so could you please post more and more the exercise for each of english grammar part. thank you!

Hello Thanh Thuyy,

Thank you for your nice comment! We are always looking to add content so you will find more language tasks in the future. Also, please note that our reading, listening and watching materials all have language tasks with them, so they include grammar as well as skills work.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team