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Irregular verbs

Level: beginner

Most verbs have a past tense and past participle with –ed:


But many of the most frequent verbs are irregular:

Base form Past tense Past participle
be was/were been
begin began begun
break broke broken
bring brought brought
buy bought bought
build built built
choose chose chosen
come came come
cost cost cost
cut cut cut
do did done
draw drew drawn
drive drove driven
eat ate eaten
feel felt felt
find found found
get got got
give gave given
go went gone
have had had
hear heard heard
hold held held
keep kept kept
know knew known
leave left left
lead led led
let let let
lie lay lain
lose lost lost
make made made
mean meant meant
meet met met
pay paid paid
put put put
run ran run
say said said
see saw seen
sell sold sold
send sent sent
set set set
sit sat sat
speak spoke spoken
spend spent spent
stand stood stood
take took taken
teach taught taught
tell told told
think thought thought
understand understood understood
wear wore worn
win won won
write wrote written
Irregular verbs



Hello DDef,

'Gotten' is often used in American English, but not in British English. In British English the past participle of 'get' is 'got' (get - got - got). The British Council is a British institution, and so the language we teach is representative of that.

You can hear about some of the differences between British and American English in this video and on this page and this page.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hello. Would it be possible to use the word "fetch" in this way, "She fetch her hospital cards from her purse and gave it to the doctor"

Hello Lamastry,

Yes, you can use it that way, though note that it implies that the woman did not have her purse nearby. Also, 'fetch' should be in the simple past and 'it' is not correct – 'them' is the pronoun you need, since it refers to 'her hospital cards' (plural).

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

I'm unable to explain the difference between these two sentences;

'Scott and Matt are playing soccer tomorrow.'
'Scott and Matt will be playing soccer tomorrow.'

When would you use them? The second in future tense, the first, is it Present continuous?


Hello naylera,

Yes, the first is a present continuous form, which is often used to speak about arranged future plans. The second is often called the future continuous – follow the links and you'll find explanations of both forms.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

I can't find any exact meaning of 'fire" in the Cambridge Dictionary here.
1. Barcelona have forgotten former Arsenal man FIRES them to victory over Malaga.
2. It's fortunate how the ball comes to Wilson via Robert, but he sure makes the most of it by executing a brilliant bycicle kick to FIRE the Cherries ahead.

If I interpret it as 'to shoot', it seems that it's not appropriate. So, what does it actually mean?

Hello akatsuki,

The use of 'fire' in these sentences is one of the last ones in the dictionary entry, when it is used as a verb meaning 'excite'. Note that in sentence 2, 'fire' is used with 'ahead' as a kind of multi-word verb: 'to fire ahead'.

I hope this helps you.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

hi ,
Even while the pace of increase in the number of reported rapes in the city has slowed down.In this sentence can you explain the meaning of "EVEN WHILE" clearly.

Hello sabago,

Although we are willing to help with questions which are not related to our own material when time allows, I would ask you to post this question on a related page, such as one on linking devices, rather than this page, which is concerned with irregular verbs. This will help the question and answer to be visible to other users who may be studying the same area.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

I have got really confused whether I have to use singular or plural verb after expressions such as "half of", "a part of", "a percentage of", "a majority of", "percent of" ,etc. I just know that the verb used after these expressions is related to the word following ''of''.
Would you please explain it?
Thanks in advance for helping me
Best wishes