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Irregular verbs

Level: beginner

Most verbs have a past tense and past participle with –ed:


But many of the most frequent verbs are irregular:

Base form Past tense Past participle
be was/were been
begin began begun
break broke broken
bring brought brought
buy bought bought
build built built
choose chose chosen
come came come
cost cost cost
cut cut cut
do did done
draw drew drawn
drive drove driven
eat ate eaten
feel felt felt
find found found
get got got
give gave given
go went gone
have had had
hear heard heard
hold held held
keep kept kept
know knew known
leave left left
lead led led
let let let
lie lay lain
lose lost lost
make made made
mean meant meant
meet met met
pay paid paid
put put put
run ran run
say said said
see saw seen
sell sold sold
send sent sent
set set set
sit sat sat
speak spoke spoken
spend spent spent
stand stood stood
take took taken
teach taught taught
tell told told
think thought thought
understand understood understood
wear wore worn
win won won
write wrote written
Irregular verbs



Hello Mr.Peter M, Thank you for your kind information. With regards , Daeiou RK.

In cricket, which one of the following is correct and why? 1.India needs 30 runs to win. or 2. India need 30 runs to win.

Hello Daelou RK,

Both of these are fine. We can talk about 'India' as a team, in which case we use the singular form 'needs', or as a group of players, in which case we use the plural form 'need'. Many group words function in this way: Manchester United, India, the police, the government and so on.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hi Sir,
I want read tense . Where can i read on this site ?


Hello singh singh,

On the top right side of this page, in the box called 'English Grammar', you'll see a list of links to pages on the subject of Verbs. The present tense, past tense, talking about the present, talking about the future, talking about the past pages will all be useful for you.

Best regards,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi ! The past participle of "get" is "gotten", isn't ?

Hello FarrousGh,

In American English, yes, it's usually 'gotten', but in other varieties, such as British English, 'got' is more common. You can find this sort of information in a good dictionary - see the search box on the lower right side of this page, for example.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

1.While talking of or describing actions of third person,we always use verbs with 's'.
2.Second one is,do and does for different person.
Why these distinctions in english ?.Are any fundamental or core reasons for this ?

Thanks,and regards

Hello Nandish,

Sometimes language authorities make rules about the way a language is used, but for the most part, natural languages develop through use by their speakers, and that is the case with the forms you ask about. There may be forms that were used in the past that might help 'explain' the forms you ask about, but I'm afraid we don't go into such issues here at LearnEnglish.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Why are these referred to as third person singular-I/you/we/they?.