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Irregular verbs

Level: beginner

Most verbs have a past tense and past participle with –ed:


But many of the most frequent verbs are irregular:

Base form Past tense Past participle
be was/were been
begin began begun
break broke broken
bring brought brought
buy bought bought
build built built
choose chose chosen
come came come
cost cost cost
cut cut cut
do did done
draw drew drawn
drive drove driven
eat ate eaten
feel felt felt
find found found
get got got
give gave given
go went gone
have had had
hear heard heard
hold held held
keep kept kept
know knew known
leave left left
lead led led
let let let
lie lay lain
lose lost lost
make made made
mean meant meant
meet met met
pay paid paid
put put put
run ran run
say said said
see saw seen
sell sold sold
send sent sent
set set set
sit sat sat
speak spoke spoken
spend spent spent
stand stood stood
take took taken
teach taught taught
tell told told
think thought thought
understand understood understood
wear wore worn
win won won
write wrote written
Irregular verbs



Hello ..thanks for this excersise

Is "flight" a verb ?

Hello Ether,

No, it is not. I'd suggest you look up 'flight' in the dictionary – see the handy search box on the right side of this page under Cambridge Dictionaries Online. There you'll see that it has several different uses, all as a noun.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Is the past participle of show showed", shown or both?

Hello tthaoanh,

You can find this kind of information in the dictionary – see the handy search box on the lower right side of this page. If you look up 'show', you'll see 'showed, shown' listed after it. Those are the past simple and past participle forms – 'shown' is the past participle.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello again tthaoanh,

The Cambridge Dictionary indicates 'shown' as the past participle and the Oxford Dictionary indicates two possible forms for the past participle: 'showed' and 'shown'. I'd say that 'shown' is more commonly used than 'showed', but that is based on my limited experience – in other parts of the world, or even in other places inside the UK, 'showed' may be more common. I wouldn't worry about it too much if I were you, as you can always point to the Oxford Dictionary if anyone questions you about it!

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi , is that all irregular verbs or there is others ?!

Hello halima ben,

No, that is not a complete list, but it is a list of the most common irregular verbs. If you learn all of these, that will should be enough for most purposes, but if you want a longer list, I'd suggest doing an internet search for 'irregular verbs English' – I'm sure you can find other, longer lists.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

The past participle of get Is gotten .. Why you write got ?

The past participle of get Is gotten .. Why you write got ?